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Hong Myung-bo

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Title: Hong Myung-bo  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: South Korea national football team, South Korea national football team results – 1990s, 1994 FIFA World Cup Group C, 2014 South Korea national football team season, 2002 South Korea national football team season
Collection: 1969 Births, 1990 Fifa World Cup Players, 1994 Fifa World Cup Players, 1996 Afc Asian Cup Players, 1998 Fifa World Cup Players, 2000 Afc Asian Cup Players, 2000 Concacaf Gold Cup Players, 2001 Fifa Confederations Cup Players, 2002 Fifa World Cup Players, 2014 Fifa World Cup Managers, Asian Football Hall of Fame Inductees, Association Football Central Defenders, Association Football Sweepers, Expatriate Footballers in Japan, Expatriate Soccer Players in the United States, Fifa 100, Fifa Century Club, J1 League Players, K League Classic Players, K League Mvps, K League Players, Kashiwa Reysol Players, Korea University Alumni, La Galaxy Players, Living People, Major League Soccer All-Stars, Major League Soccer Players, Pohang Steelers Players, Shonan Bellmare Players, South Korea International Footballers, South Korea National Football Team Managers, South Korean Expatriate Footballers, South Korean Expatriates in Japan, South Korean Expatriates in the United States, South Korean Footballers, Sportspeople from Seoul
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Hong Myung-bo

Hong Myung-bo (, Hanja: 洪明甫; Korean pronunciation: ) (born February 12, 1969 in Seoul) is a South Korean former footballer and former manager of the South Korean national team. Hong, along with Cha Bum-kun, is often considered one of the greatest Asian footballers of all time. Hong was a member of the South Korean national team in four World Cups, and was the first Asian player to play in four consecutive World Cup final tournaments.

Hong often played as a centre-back but also played at the full-back position. He was often touted to be the best sweeper in Asia at that time. He was often cited as the "Korean Libero" by the media due to his ability to play deep into the midfield and strike a long distance ball. He retired as a player following the end of the 2004 Major League Soccer season, having finished his career with the Los Angeles Galaxy. He was chosen among the "FIFA 100", Pelé's selection of the 125 greatest living footballers in the world. He was the only South Korean footballer in the FIFA 100. He was also the recipient of the 2002 FIFA World Cup Bronze Ball. No other Asian player has yet achieved this feat.

He managed the South Korea national under-20 football team in 2009, and led the team to the quarterfinals in the 2009 FIFA U-20 World Cup. Since being appointed in 2009, he has worked as head coach of the under-23 football team. Under his guidance, the South Korean national football team was able to receive the bronze in the 2012 London Olympics, which set up a record by obtaining the first medal ever for South Korea in Olympic football as well as being the first Asian team in 44 years to win a medal at that event.[1] On June 24, 2013, Hong was appointed as the head coach of South Korean national football team to lead the team in the 2014 FIFA World Cup, but resigned the post a year later following the team's poor showing at the World Cup.


  • Early life 1
  • Career 2
  • Illness and death 3
  • Works 4
  • References 5
  • See also 6

Club career

Hong Myung-bo played the defender position for Pohang Steelers in South Korea's K League , Bellmare Hiratsuka Kashiwa Reysol in Japan's J-League, LA Galaxy in USA's Major League Soccer

International career

Hong Myung-bo made his first appearance for the South Korea national football team on 4 February 1990, in a friendly match against Norway national football team. Hong Myung-bo went on to participate in major competitions such as 1990 FIFA World Cup, 1994 FIFA World Cup, 1998 FIFA World Cup, 2002 FIFA World Cup, 1996 AFC Asian Cup, 2000 AFC Asian Cup.

Hong was selected as an over-aged player by the South Korea under-23 for the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games. But he was injured just before the tournament, and replaced by Kang Chul.

1990 World Cup

Hong's first appearance at a World Cup finals was at the 1990 World Cup in Italy. Hong played in all three group stage matches against Belgium, Spain, and Uruguay. However, South Korea was eliminated in the group stage after losing all the three games.

1994 World Cup

Hong's talent was most notable during the 1994 World Cup group stage. When South Korea had only 5 minutes to catch up Spain, who was leading the match with the score of 2-0, Hong scored the first goal and assisted the winger Seo Jung-won to score the equalizer goal shortly after, making the match a memorable draw against Spain.

In the match that took place two weeks later, South Korea was losing during the first half with the score of 3-0 to Germany – the defending World Champions at the time, represented by numerous skillful players including Jürgen Klinsmann, Jürgen Kohler, Matthias Sammer, Rudi Völler and Lothar Matthäus. After assisting the striker Hwang Sun Hong to strike the first goal into the net, Hong scored the second goal himself, but that was the last goal of the match.

1998 World Cup

Hong's third World Cup appearance was at the 1998 FIFA World Cup in France. Hong played all three group stage matches of South Korea against Mexico, Netherlands and Belgium. South Korea was eliminated at the first round with 1 draw (Belgium) and 2 losses (Mexico and Netherlands).

2002 World Cup

Hong captained the South Korean national team to a historic fourth place finish in the 2002 World Cup.[2] He scored the winning penalty to secure a 5–3 shootout victory in the quarter final against Spain after a goalless draw. The Technical Study Group voted him as the third best player of the tournament (Bronze Ball award), the first ever Asian player to be named in the top 3 players in a World Cup. Leader of the Korean defensive trio alongside Kim Tae-young and Choi Jin-cheul, he ended his international career after the 2002 World Cup as the all-time leader in appearances for the South Korean national team, with 135 caps.

Managerial career

On September 26, 2005, after his retirement as a player, Hong returned to the national team as assistant coach. Helping the manager Dick Advocaat, he took part in the 2006 FIFA World Cup, and worked with the next manager Pim Verbeek in the Asian Cup 2007. After the resignation of Pim Verbeek, he was one of the candidates to become the next manager. The Korea Football Association announced that it had appointed him as the South Korea national under-20 football team, on 19 February 2009. Under his guidance the team reached the quarter finals of the tournament, but were eliminated due to a 2–3 defeat to Ghana national under-20 football team. Hong also served an assistant coach for under-23 football team under Park Sung-wha. In October 2009, he took over the coaching duties at under-23 football team. He led his team into third place in the 2010 Asian Games.On August 10, 2012, Hong Myung-bo coached the U-23 Men's Olympic team to a 2-0 win over Japan to secure the bronze medal at the 2012 Summer Olympic Games.[3] He was named as assistant manager to Guus Hiddink at Anzhi Makhachkala in August 2012. After Choi Kang-hee, the former head coach of South Korean national football team, took the responsibility of the team's poor performance in 2014 FIFA World Cup Asian qualification and resigned from his position, Hong Myung-bo was appointed as the new head coach of the team on June 24, 2013 to prepare the team for the 2014 FIFA World Cup. After a winless World Cup campaign, Hong resigned from his post on July 10, 2014.



Kashiwa Reysol


South Korea national under-23 football team




Club career statistics [4]

Club performance League Cup League Cup Continental Total
Season Club League Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals Apps Goals
Korea Republic League FA Cup League Cup Asia Total
1992 POSCO Atoms / Pohang Steelers K-League 29 1 - 8 0 - 37 1
1993 11 1 - 1 0 - 12 1
1994 17 4 - 0 0 - 17 4
1995 24 1 - 7 0 - 31 1
1996 29 7 0 0 5 0 ? ? 34+? 7+?
1997 0 0 0 0 6 0 ? ? 6+? 0+?
Japan League Emperor's Cup J. League Cup Asia Total
1997 Bellmare Hiratsuka J. League 1 10 0 3 1 0 0 ? ? 13+? 1+?
1998 32 0 2 0 0 0 - 34 0
1999 Kashiwa Reysol J. League 1 28 5 4 2 5 2 - 37 9
2000 29 2 2 0 2 0 - 33 2
2001 15 0 0 0 3 0 - 18 0
Korea Republic League FA Cup League Cup Asia Total
2002 Pohang Steelers K-League 19 0 0 0 0 0 - 19 0
United States League Open Cup League Cup North America Total
2003 Los Angeles Galaxy Major League Soccer 25 0 2 0 27 0
2004 13 0 0 0 - 13 0
Country Korea Republic 129 14 0 0 27 0 ? ? 156+? 14+?
Japan 114 7 11 3 10 2 ? ? 135+? 12+?
United States 38 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 40 0
Total 281 21 13 3 37 2 ? ? 331+? 26+?

National team statistics


Korea Republic national team
Year Apps Goals
1990 20 2
1991 1 0
1992 3 1
1993 18 2
1994 14 4
1995 5 0
1996 16 1
1997 12 0
1998 8 0
1999 5 0
2000 11 0
2001 7 0
2002 16 0
Total 136 10
Results list South Korea's goal tally first.
# Date Venue Opponent Score Result Competition
1. August 3, 1990 Beijing, China  China PR 1 1–1 (6–5 PSO) 1990 Dynasty Cup
2. September 23, 1990 Beijing, China 1 7–0 1990 Asian Games
3. August 24, 1992 Beijing, China 1 1–1 1992 Dynasty Cup
4. May 13, 1993 Beirut, Lebanon 1 3–0 1994 FIFA World Cup qualification
5. October 19, 1993 Doha, Qatar 1 2–2 1994 FIFA World Cup qualification
6. June 5, 1994 Boston, USA 1 1–2 Friendly match
7. June 17, 1994 Dallas, USA 1 2–2 1994 FIFA World Cup
8. June 27, 1994 Dallas, USA 1 2–3 1994 FIFA World Cup
9. September 11, 1994 Gangneung, South Korea 1 1–0 Friendly match
10. August 8, 1996 Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam 1 4–0 1996 AFC Asian Cup qualification

Personal life

Hong married Cho Soo-mi,[7] who was five years younger than him, in 1997. He has two sons, Hong Seong-min and Hong Jeong-min. One of them is currently attending Korea International School. Hong also has two younger siblings. Hong is known for his reticence and charisma.


  1. ^ a b
  2. ^ Mahdavi Kani biography
  3. ^ a b
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ a b
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^ Mahdavi Kani's burial place was announced
  10. ^ President announced two days of mourning on Mahdavi Kani memorial

External links

  • Hong Myung-bo – National Team Stats at KFA (Korean)
  • FIFA competition record
  • at
  • International Appearances & Goals

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