World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Hilalian dialects

Article Id: WHEBN0045315828
Reproduction Date:

Title: Hilalian dialects  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Algerian Arabic, Hassaniya Arabic, Sockpuppet investigations/Ghassul/Archive, Saharan Arabic, Tunisian Arabic
Collection: Arabic Languages, Maghrebi Arabic
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Hilalian dialects

The Hilalian dialects are a continuum of Arabic dialects native to North Africa.


The term Hilalian dialects refer to the Banu Hilal, a confederation of Arab nomadic tribes who invaded North Africa in the eleventh century.

Along with the pre-existing sedentary pre-Hilalian Arabic dialects, they constitute the larger Maghrebi Arabic family.

Varieties and distribution

The Hilalian dialects are found across North Africa, from the western plains of Morocco and the Mauritanian desert to Libya, including the Algerian Hauts-Plateaux and coast and Tunisia.

Nevertheless, there are several pre-Hilalian speaking enclaves in this area, including old Urban dialects (Fez, Rabat, Tlemcen, Constantine and Tunis) and sedentary rural dialects.

Hilalian Arabic has four major varieties:[1][2]

Hassanya Arabic, spoken in Mauritania, Western Sahara and southern Morocco, is also classified as Maqil.

Hilalian dialects strongly influenced some old Urban dialects, such as those of Tripoli and Marrakech. They also represent the bulk of modern Urban dialects (Koinés), such as those of Casablanca, Oran and Algiers.


  1. ^ Kees Versteegh, Dialects of Arabic : Maghreb Dialects,
  2. ^ Mélissa Barkat, « Les dialectes Maghrébins » (lien), dans: Détermination d'indices acoustiques robustes pour l'identification automatique des parlers arabes, Thèse, Université Lumière Lyon 2 (2000)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.