World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Herod Agrippa II

Agrippa II from Guillaume Rouillé's Promptuarii Iconum Insigniorum

Herod Agrippa II (AD 27/28[1] – ca. 92 or 100[1][2]) officially named Marcus Julius Agrippa and sometimes just called Agrippa, was the seventh and last king of the family of Herod the Great, the Herodians. He was the son of the first and better-known Herod Agrippa, the brother of Berenice, Mariamne, and Drusilla (second wife of the Roman procurator Antonius Felix).[3]


  • Early life 1
  • Rise in power 2
    • Relation with Josephus 2.1
  • Death 3
  • Family tree 4
  • References 5
    • Other sources 5.1
  • External links 6

Early life

Herod Agrippa II was educated at the court of the emperor Claudius, and at the time of his father's death was only seventeen years old. Claudius therefore kept him at Rome, and sent Cuspius Fadus as procurator of the Roman province of Judaea. While at Rome, he voiced his support for the Jews to Claudius, and against the Samaritans and the procurator of Iudaea Province, Ventidius Cumanus, who was lately thought to have been the cause of some disturbances there.[1]

Rise in power

On the death of Herod of Chalcis in 48, his small Syrian kingdom of Chalcis was given to Herod Agrippa, with the right of superintending the Temple in Jerusalem and appointing its high priest.[4]

In 53, he was made king over the territories previously governed by Philip and Lysanias by Claudius, surrendering Chalcis to his cousin, Aristobulus.[5] Herod Agrippa celebrated by marrying off his two sisters Mariamne and Drusilla. Flavius Josephus, the Jewish historian, repeats the gossip that Herod Agrippa lived in an incestuous relationship with his sister, Berenice.

In 55, the Emperor Nero added to his realm the cities of Tiberias and Taricheae in Galilee, and Livias (Iulias), with fourteen villages near it, in Peraea.

Apostle Paul On Trial by Nikolai Bodarevsky, 1875. Agrippa and Berenice are both seated on thrones.

It was before him and his sister Berenice that, according to the New Testament, Paul the Apostle pleaded his case at Caesarea Maritima, possibly in 59.[6]

Agrippa expended large sums in beautifying Jerusalem and other cities, especially Berytus (ancient Beirut), a Hellenised city in Phoenicia. His partiality for the latter rendered him unpopular amongst his own subjects, and the capricious manner in which he appointed and deposed the high priests made him disliked by the Jews. Agrippa failed to prevent his subjects from rebelling, and urged instead that they tolerate the behavior of the Roman procurator Gessius Florus; but in 66 the Jews expelled him and Berenice from the city.[1] During the First Jewish-Roman War of 66–73, he sent 2,000 men, archers and cavalry, to support Vespasian, showing that, although a Jew in religion, he was entirely devoted to the Roman Empire. He accompanied Titus on some campaigns,[1] and was wounded at the siege of Gamla. After the capture of Jerusalem, he went with his sister Berenice to Rome, where he was invested with the dignity of praetor and rewarded with additional territory.

Relation with Josephus

He had a great intimacy with the historian Josephus, having supplied him with information for his history, Antiquities of the Jews. Josephus preserved two of the letters he received from him.[7][8][9]


According to Photius, Agrippa died, childless, at the age of seventy, in the third year of the reign of Trajan, that is, 100,[10] but statements of historian Josephus, in addition to the contemporary epigraphy from his kingdom, cast this date into serious doubt. The modern scholarly consensus holds that he died before 93/94.[1] He was the last prince of the house of the Herods.

Family tree

Herod the Great
Mariamne I
d. 29 BCE
d. 7 BCE
(daughter of Salome
Mariamne III
Herod V
Herod Agrippa I
Aristobulus Minor
Herod Agrippa II


  1. ^ a b c d e f Rajak, Tessa (1996), "Iulius Agrippa (2) II, Marcus", in Hornblower, Simon,  
  2. ^  
  3. ^  
  4. ^   : "In the year 50, without regard to the rights of the heir to the throne, he had himself appointed ... to the kingdom of Chalcis by the emperor, and also to the supervisorship of the Temple at Jerusalem, which carried with it the right of nominating the high priest."
  5. ^ Acts 25:13; 26:2,7
  6. ^ Acts 26
  7. ^ PACE: , 17.}.} (Whiston)Antiquities of the Jews.; PACE: , 19.}.} (Whiston)Antiquities of the Jews. and endnote 1 ; PACE: , 20.}.} (Whiston)Antiquities of the Jews. ; PACE: , 20.}.} (Whiston)Antiquities of the Jews. ; PACE: , 20.}.} (Whiston)Antiquities of the Jews. ; PACE: , 20.}.} (Whiston)Antiquities of the Jews. ; PACE: , 20.}.} (Whiston)Antiquities of the Jews. ; PACE: , 11.}.} (Whiston)Antiquities of the Jews.
  8. ^ PACE: , 2.}.} (Whiston)The Jewish War. ; PACE: , 2.}.} (Whiston)The Jewish War. § 1,16 ; PACE: , 2.}.} (Whiston)The Jewish War. ; PACE: , 4.}.} (Whiston)The Jewish War.
  9. ^ PACE: , 1.}.} (Whiston)The Life of Flavius Josephus.
  10. ^ Photius cod. 33

Other sources

External links

  • Jewish Encyclopedia: Agrippa II
  • Agrippa II - Article in historical sourcebook by Mahlon H. Smith
  • Julius Marcus Agrippa
Herod Agrippa II
Preceded by
Herod of Chalcis
Tetrarch of Chalcis
48 – 53
Title next held by
Aristobulus of Chalcis
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.