Hamid-abad

Isparta, Turkey
Isparta, Turkey
Isparta, Turkey

Coordinates: 37°45′53″N 30°33′24″E / 37.76472°N 30.55667°E / 37.76472; 30.55667Coordinates: 37°45′53″N 30°33′24″E / 37.76472°N 30.55667°E / 37.76472; 30.55667

Country Turkey
Province Isparta
District Isparta
Government
 • Mayor Yusuf Ziya Günaydın (MHP)
Area
 • District  km2 (Formatting error: invalid input when rounding sq mi)
Population ()
 • Urban
 • District
Post code 32000
Website

Isparta (Σπάρτα, also Baris/Βάρις in Byzantine greek) is a city in western Turkey and the provincial capital of Isparta Province. The city's population is 222,556 (as of 2010) and elevation from sea level is 1035 m. Another name of the city is "City of Roses".

The main economic activities of Isparta are rosewater production and handmade carpets. Tourism, both local and increasingly international due to "biblical tourism", is also becoming an important source of revenues for the city. Süleyman Demirel University has introduced thousands of youngs from various backgrounds to the city's mostly conservative fabric in the recent years. The football (soccer) team of the city Ispartaspor is in the third level league.

Some historical buildings and houses remain from the 19th century, but these are very rare, compared to the number of modern constructions. There are several important mosques in Isparta, including the pre-Ottoman Hizir Bey Mosque (c. 1325), the Kutlubey or Ulu (Grand) Mosque (1429, with major restorations in the 19th century) and Haci Abdi Mosque (1569). The city also boasts a mosque by the Ottoman Royal Architect Mimar Sinan, the 16th century's Firdevs Pasa mosque. This mosque is also known as Mimar Sinan Mosque, among the public. There are several remains of Greek Orthodox churches from the Byzantine and Ottoman periods (14th-19th century). The Byzantine fortress is mostly in ruins. The city lies close to a fault line and thus prone to violent earthquakes.

Isparta has good connections to other parts of Turkey with both railways and by road. Antalya lies 130 km to the south and Eskişehir 350 km to the north.

On November 30, 2007, an Atlasjet McDonnell-Douglas passenger jet with 57 people on board crashed on approach to Isparta airport. All aboard were dead in this accident.

Climate

Isparta has a continental climate with cold, snowy winters and hot, dry summers.

Climate data for Isparta
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.6
(63.7)
18.6
(65.5)
26.8
(80.2)
28.4
(83.1)
32.0
(89.6)
36.2
(97.2)
42.3
(108.1)
41.2
(106.2)
35.6
(96.1)
31.0
(87.8)
24.6
(76.3)
20.0
(68)
42.3
(108.1)
Average high °C (°F) 6.5
(43.7)
7.7
(45.9)
11.8
(53.2)
16.5
(61.7)
21.8
(71.2)
26.7
(80.1)
30.5
(86.9)
30.5
(86.9)
26.6
(79.9)
20.5
(68.9)
13.9
(57)
8.1
(46.6)
18.43
(65.17)
Average low °C (°F) −2.3
(27.9)
−1.6
(29.1)
0.8
(33.4)
4.5
(40.1)
8.1
(46.6)
12.0
(53.6)
15.0
(59)
14.5
(58.1)
10.2
(50.4)
6.1
(43)
1.7
(35.1)
−1.0
(30.2)
5.67
(42.21)
Record low °C (°F) −19.2
(−2.6)
−21.0
(−5.8)
−18.5
(−1.3)
−7.7
(18.1)
−1.2
(29.8)
4.5
(40.1)
4.9
(40.8)
7.0
(44.6)
−0.8
(30.6)
−4.2
(24.4)
−11.5
(11.3)
−15.0
(5)
−21
(−5.8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 66.0
(2.598)
57.6
(2.268)
52.4
(2.063)
56.1
(2.209)
46.2
(1.819)
28.8
(1.134)
15.2
(0.598)
12.0
(0.472)
15.9
(0.626)
37.8
(1.488)
46.1
(1.815)
74.0
(2.913)
508.1
(20.003)
Avg. rainy days 8 9 7 7 7 5 2 1 3 5 5 9 68
Mean monthly sunshine hours 120.9 134.4 186 207 269.7 324 359.6 347.2 291 220.1 156 102.3 2,718.2
Source #1: Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü [1]
Source #2: Hong Kong Observatory [2]

History of the city

  • 1st millennium CE: Known as Baris and part of the Byzantine Empire.
  • 1203: Occupied by the Seljuqs.
  • Late 13th century: Becomes part of the Hamidids.
  • 1381: Isparta is sold to the Ottoman sultan Murad I by the Hamidid Emir.
  • Late 19th century: Muslim refugees from the Balkans settle around Isparta. The Bulgarian refugees brought the knowledge of rosewater production with them.

Economy

As of 1920, carpetmaking was a major industry in Isparta.[3]

People from and related to Isparta

  • Zeki Demirkubuz, film director, screenwriter, producer and film editor.
  • Süleyman Demirel, former prime minister and president of Turkey, was born in the village of Islamköy close to Isparta.
  • Fevzi Özdemir, Film director, screenwriter and producer.
  • Said Nursi, Islamic thinker. Spent the last decade of his life in this city.
  • Bora Maviş, Summiter of Mount Everest.
  • Emre Aydın, rock singer-songwriter.
  • Mustafa Dogan, footballer.
  • Hüseyin Avni Pasha, Ottoman Grand Vizier
  • Halil Hamid Pasha, Ottoman Grand Vizier

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Isparta is twinned with:

See also

References

External links

  • Hunt for clues in Turkish crash
  • Sav Kasabası, village in Isparta turkce
  • Sav Kasabası, village in Isparta english
  • Isparta City Portal - All about Isparta
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