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Glossary of archery terms

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Title: Glossary of archery terms  
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Glossary of archery terms

This is a List of archery terms, including both the equipment and the practice. Aside from the wiki link associated with each word or phrase, (or a indicating the need for an article) a brief description is also included.


A

  • Aluminium (material) - Used in modern archery for the production of arrows
  • Anchor point - a point to be touched by the draw hand or string when the bow is fully drawn and ready to shoot, usually a point on the archer's mouth, chin or nose
  • AMO (organization) - The Archery Manufacturers and Merchants Organization (now known as the ATA)
  • AMO length (measure) - A standardized length for measuring bow strings
  • Archer (practitioner) - One who practices Archery (a.k.a. bowman)
  • Archer's paradox (effect) - The effect produced by an arrow flexing as it leaves the bow
  • Archery (practice) - The practice of using a bow to shoot arrows
  • Arm guard (equipment) - A protective strap or sheath for an archer's forearm (a.k.a. bracer)
  • Arrow (equipment) - The main projectile in Archery
  • Arrowhead (equipment) - The front end of an arrow; also known as the head, point or tip
  • Arrow rest (equipment) - A device used to hold the arrow against the handle until it is released
  • ATA (organization) - The Archery Trade Association (formerly known as the AMO)
  • A.T.A. (measure) - An acronym for "Axel-To-Axel", the length between the two pivotal axels which hold the cams onto the limbs on a compound bow.

B

  • Blunt (equipment) - An unsharpened arrowhead used for targets and small game
  • Bodkin point (equipment) - A sharp, pointed arrow head
  • Bolt (equipment) - A crossbow projectile; also called a quarrel
  • Boss (equipment) - A target, typically made from tightly compacted foam or straw
  • Bowman (practitioner) - One who practices Archery (a.k.a. Archer)
  • Bow (equipment) - An ancient weapon powered by elasticity used for hunting and sport
  • Bowfishing (practice) - The use of archery equipment for catching fish
  • Bowhunting (practice) - The practice of taking game using archery
  • Bow string (equipment) - A fiber joining two ends of a bow for launching arrows
  • Bowyer (craftsman) - One who makes bows
  • Brace (practice) - The act of attaching a bow string to a bow
  • Brace Height (measure) - the distance from the string to the pivot point of the bow's grip.
  • Bracer (equipment) - A protective strap or sheath for an archer's forearm (a.k.a. arm guard)
  • Broadhead (equipment) - A sharp-bladed hunting head
  • Bullseye (equipment) - The central area of a target, often for which a greater number of points may be scored when hit
  • Butts (location) - A practice field with mounds of earth used as targets
  • Button (equipment) - An adjustable spring-loaded contact for the arrow as it sits on the rest mounted in a perpendicular direction to the arrow.

C

  • Carbon fiber (material) - Used in modern archery for the production of arrows
  • Clicker (equipment) - A device used to indicate an archer's optimum draw length
  • Clout archery (practice) - A form of archery in which archers shoot arrows toward a flag (known as "the Clout") from a relatively long distance and are scored based on how close each arrow lands to the flag.
  • Cock feather (equipment) - A differently-colored fletch that indicates proper arrow alignment on the string (a.k.a. Index feather)
  • Composite bow (equipment) - A bow made from laminating various materials together
  • Compound bow (equipment) - A modern bow that uses a system of cables and pulleys
  • Crest (equipment) - Heraldic markings on an arrow used for identification or design
  • Crossbow (equipment) - A bow mounted on a stock, which shoots projectiles called bolts or quarrels
  • Crown (equipment) - The nock end of an arrow where cresting and paints are applied

D

  • Daikyu (equipment) - A Japanese longbow
  • Decurve bow (equipment) - A form of bow in which the unstrung tips curve toward the archer
  • Deflex bow (equipment) - A form of bow in which the entire length of the handle and limbs curve toward the archer
  • Drawing (practice) - The act of pulling an arrow against a bow string in readiness for shooting
  • Draw weight (measure) - The number of pounds of force required to draw a bow twenty-eight (28) inches

E

  • End (Practice) - A round of arrows shot during an archery event (rarely more than six arrows)[1]
  • English longbow (equipment) - A powerful medieval bow; also known as the Welsh longbow

F

  • Fiberglass (material) - Used in modern archery equipment for the production of both bows and arrows
  • Field archery (practice) - Shooting at targets of unmarked distances in an open field
  • Field tip (equipment) - A practice head for targets
  • Finger Tab (equipment) - A small leather patch to protect the archer's fingers (a.k.a. Tab)
  • Fistmele (measure) - The proper distance between the handle of a bow and the bow string when the bow is strung (a.k.a. Brace Height)
  • Flatbow (equipment) - A non-recurved bow with a rectangular cross section
  • Fletching (equipment) - The stabilizing fins or vanes of an arrow (each individual fin is a fletch)
  • Fletcher (craftsman) - One who makes arrows
  • Flex (measure) - The amount of "bend" an arrow shaft provides; contrasted with Spine
  • Flu-Flu Arrow (equipment) - A specially designed short-range arrow
  • Footed arrow (equipment) - An arrow with a shaft composed of two types of wood

G

  • Game (target) - Non-domesticated animals hunted for food or sport
  • Glove (equipment) - Protective gear for an archer's fingers (a.k.a. Shooting glove)
  • Gungdo (practice) - The Korean art of archery

H

Fletching showing index feather (a.k.a. cock feather - green) and hen feathers (pink)
  • Hankyu (equipment) - A short Japanese bow
  • Head (equipment) - The front end of an arrow; also known as the arrowhead, point or tip
  • Hen feather (equipment) - Name incorrectly given to the shaft feathers based on misunderstanding of 'cock' (leading) feather
  • Horse archer (practitioner) - An archer mounted on a horse

I

  • Index fletching (equipment) - A differently-colored fletch that indicates proper arrow alignment (a.k.a. Cock fletching)

J

  • Judo points (equipment) - A target and small-game head equipped with spring wires for easy location

K

  • Kisser (equipment) - A button used to indicate consistent vertical distance when drawing a bow
  • Kyudo (practice) - The Japanese art of archery

L

  • Longbow (equipment) - A tall wooden bow with a ‘D’ shaped cross-section, approximately the same height as the archer, without significant recurve
  • Loose (practice) - The act of shooting an arrow from a bow (a.k.a. Release)
  • Laminated bow (equipment) - A bow with different materials laminated together to make a single bow.
  • Limb (equipment) - The upper and lower arms of a bow.
  • Longrod (equipment) - Rod attached to the bow to dampen vibration.

M

  • Mounted archer (practitioner) - An archer mounted on a horse
  • Mongolian draw (practice) - The act of drawing a bow with one's thumb (a.k.a. Mongolian release)

N

  • Nock (equipment) - The notch at the rear end of an arrow; also the notches at the ends of the bow limbs to which the bowstring is attached, or looped over.
  • Nock (practice) - The act of setting an arrow in a bow
  • Nocking point (equipment) - The point on a bow string over which an arrow nock is placed

O

  • Overdrawn (measure) - A condition in which a bow string is too short for the bow; fistmele is exceeded

P

  • Plunger/Pressure button (equipment) - A device used to correct an arrow's flex at the point of release
  • Point (equipment) - The front end of an arrow; also known as the arrowhead, head or tip
  • Poisons (equipment) - Toxic additions to arrow heads in order to increase hunting effectiveness

Q

  • Quarrel (equipment) - A crossbow projectile; also called a bolt
  • Quiver (equipment) - A container for an archer's projectiles

R

  • Recurve bow (equipment) - A form of bow in which the unstrung tips curve away from the archer
  • Reflex bow (equipment) - A form of bow in which the entire length of the handle and arms curve away from the archer
  • Release (practice) - The act of firing an arrow from a bow (a.k.a. Loose)
  • Rest (equipment) - A device used to hold the arrow against the handle until it is released (a.k.a. Arrow rest)
  • Riser (equipment) - The handle section of a Bow

S

  • Safety arrow (equipment) - Arrow with Wide tip or padded head for reenactments
  • Self bow (equipment) - A bow made from a single piece of material (normally wood)
  • Serving (equipment) - Extra thread wound around a bow string in order to support or protect the main fiber
  • Shaft (equipment) - The main structural element of an arrow
  • Shaftment (equipment) part of the arrow upon which the fletchings lie
  • Shaft feathers (equipment) those two which oppose the cock feather
  • Shooting glove (equipment) - Protective gear for an archer's fingers
  • Spine (measure) - The stiffness of an arrow shaft; contrasted with Flex
  • Stabilizer/Stabiliser (equipment) - A weighted rod or set of rods used to provide balance to a bow
  • Stave (equipment) - A strip of wood from which a bow may be made

.Stacking

T

  • Tab (equipment) - A small leather patch to protect the archer's fingers (a.k.a. Finger tab)
  • Target (equipment) - General term for the intended destination of a shot arrow
  • Target archery (practice) - Shooting at non-moving targets placed varying distances away
  • Target point (equipment) - Bullet-shaped practice head for targets
  • Target shooting (practice) - Competitive event that uses projectile weapons for tests of proficiency
  • Thumb ring (equipment) - Protective ring for an archer's thumb
  • Tip (equipment) - Either (especially the top) end of the bow, as differentiated from the point of an arrow

U

  • Upshot - The last shot in an archery contest.

V

  • Vane (equipment) - The stabilizing fin of an arrow

W

  • Wand shoot (practice) - An archery event in which arrows are shot at a slat of soft wood that is typically 6' tall and 2" wide[2]
  • Welsh longbow (equipment) - A powerful medieval bow; also known as the English longbow
  • Wood (material) - The earliest material used for the construction of bows and arrows

Y

  • Yabusame (practice) - A type of mounted archery practiced in Japan
  • Yew (material) - A type of wood traditionally used to make bows[3]
  • Yumi (equipment) - An asymmetric Japanese bow; includes both long and short varieties (daikyu and hankyu)

See also

References

  1. ^ Schulyer, Keith C. (1970), Archery, From Golds to Big Game, A. S. Barnes and Co., Inc., ISBN 0-498-06961-3, p. 128
  2. ^ Schulyer, p. 494
  3. ^ Hansard, George Hagar (1841), "Of Yew Trees, Yew Bows, &c, &c," Section VIII, The Book of Archery, The Archery Library
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