World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Gcaleka

 

Gcaleka

The Gcaleka are a major subgroup of the Xhosa found in the Transkei area of the Eastern Cape. Their counterparts in Ciskei are the Rharhabe (of which the primary tribe is the Ngqika).

The Gcaleka kingdom was founded by Gcaleka kaPhalo, who became chief in 1775.

History of the Gcaleka

The Xhosa royal blood line stretches from Xhosa, whose successor was Tshiwo, the father of Phalo.

The whole problem stretches to the time King Phalo had both of his wives arriving on the same day, for whom he had already paid lobola, one from the Mpondomise royal family[1] and one from the Thembu royal family. Since in the Xhosa nation the first wife, as was declare in her arrival, was the one whose sons could be heir to the throne. This situation cause a great dilemma and a great out cry -some called this the ancestors' punishment- because a first wife could not be declared. So a secondary yet a equivalent position, at the time, was created the Right House. So there was a Right House and the Great House.

Phalo had two 'first born' sons, Rharhabe, the eldest but from his Right House and Gcaleka, the first born from the Great House.

Until the advent of European domination in the region, reign of the Xhosa (and other tribes of the Xhosa nation) was by patrimonial decent, with the first son of the major wife (known as the Great House) becoming automatic heir, and the first son of the second wife (the highest of the lesser wives, in this case this was not the case, also known as the Right Hand House) being relegated to creating a minor chiefdom. The sons of the third wife (known as the Left Hand House) were destined to become advisers to the chief.

When the boys' father passed away, they were both matured man, the issue of succession arose which caused a conflict among the Xhosa people and between the brothers.

However Rharhabe and his followers left for the Ciskei and Gcaleka and his supporters stayed in the Transkei.

See also

References


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.