World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Francis Hargrave

Article Id: WHEBN0005244544
Reproduction Date:

Title: Francis Hargrave  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield, Hargrave (surname), English abolitionists, Thomas Bayly Howell, Yorke–Talbot slavery opinion
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Francis Hargrave

Francis Hargrave
Francis Hargrave
Born c. 1741
London
Died 1821
Occupation Lawyer
Known for Antiquary, Legal historian

Francis Hargrave (c.1741–1821) was an English lawyer and antiquary. He was the most prominent of the five advocates who appeared on behalf of James Somersett in the case which determined, in 1772, the legal status of slaves in England. Although the case was Hargrave's first, his efforts on the occasion secured his reputation.

Life

Hargrave was born in London, the son of Christopher Hargrave of Chancery Lane. He entered as a student at Lincoln's Inn in 1760.[1]

He came to prominence because of his performance in 1772, in Somersett's case, and shortly afterwards was made King's Counsel. Thereafter, he specialised in legal history and commentary and did not take further part in the abolitionist campaign. In 1797 he was made recorder of Liverpool, and for many years was treasurer of Lincoln's Inn and a leading parliamentary lawyer.[1]

He continued the celebrated compendium of State Trials begun by Thomas Salmon and Sollom Emlyn, which was later expanded by Thomas Bayly Howell.

He fell ill, in 1813, and his legal collection was purchased by the government for £8,000 and deposited in the British Museum. He died in 1821 and was buried in the chapel of Lincoln's Inn.[1]

Works

He published many works of legal history and amassed a substantial collection of legal books and manuscripts. His works were:

  • ‘An Argument in the case of James Sommersett, a Negro, wherein it is attempted to demonstrate the present unlawfulness of Domestic Slavery in England,’ 1772; 3rd edit. 1788. Also in Howell's ‘State Trials,’ vol. xx.
  • ‘An Argument in Defence of Literary Property,’ 1774.
  • ‘Coke upon Lyttleton,’ edited by F. Hargrave and Charles Butler, 1775.
  • ‘State Trials from Henry IV to 19 George III,’ 1776, 11 vols.
    • A Complete Collection of State Trials, vol VII: 1549-1688
  • ‘A Collection of Tracts relative to the Law of England, from manuscripts by Hale, Norburie, Blackstone, Hargrave, and others,’ 1787.
  • ‘Opinion on the case of the Duke of Athol in respect of the Isle of Man,’ 1788.
  • ‘Brief Deductions relative to the Aid and Supply of Executive Power in cases of Infancy, Delirium, or other incapacity of the King,’ 1788, anonymous.
  • ‘Collectanea Juridica: consisting of Cases, Tracts,’ &c., 2 vols. 1791–2. This includes the manuscript on the Star Chamber left by William Hudson.[2]
  • ‘Sir M. Hale's Jurisdiction of the Lords' House of Parliament, with Preface by F. H.,’ 1796.
  • ‘Juridical Arguments and Collections,’ 1797–9, 2 vols. The arguments in the Thellusson will case were reprinted from this work separately in 1799, and a new edition by J. F. Hargrave was published in 1842.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.