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Foreign relations of Cyprus

 

Foreign relations of Cyprus

Cyprus is a member of the United Nations[1] along with most of its agencies as well as the Commonwealth of Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund and Council of Europe. In addition, the country has signed the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency Agreement (MIGA). Cyprus has been a member of the European Union since 2004 and in the second half of the 2012 it held the presidency of the Council of the European Union.[2]

Contents

  • Non-alignment 1
  • Turkey 2
  • Europe 3
  • Africa 4
  • Americas 5
  • Asia 6
  • Oceania 7
  • Overview 8
  • International disputes 9
  • Illicit drugs 10
  • Cyprus and the Commonwealth of Nations 11
  • See also 12
  • References 13

Non-alignment

Cyprus has historically followed a non-aligned foreign policy, although it increasingly identifies with the West in its cultural affinities and trade patterns, and maintains close relations with European Union, Greece and Israel.

Cyprus former President Makarios III at a state visit in Munich with the German Chancellor in 1962
Foreign Ministers of the European Union countries in Limassol during Cyprus Presidency of the EU in 2012

The prime originator of Cypriot non-alignment was Makarios III, the first President (1960–1977) of the independent republic of Cyprus. Prior to independence, Makarios - by virtue of his post as Archbishop of Cyprus and head of the Cypriot Orthodox Church - was the Greek Cypriot Ethnarch, or de facto leader of the community. A highly influential figure well before independence, he participated in the 1955 Bandung Conference. After independence, Makarios took part in the 1961 founding meeting of the Non-Aligned Movement in Belgrade.

Cyprus representations abroad
  resident embassy
  non-resident embassy
  diplomatic relations only, but no mission

  states that don't recognise the Republic of Cyprus

Reasons for this neutrality may lie in the extreme pressures exerted on the infant Republic by its larger neighbours, Turkey and Greece. Afro-Asian Peoples' Solidarity Organisation hosting several high-level meetings.

Immediately after the 1974 Greek-sponsored coup d'état and the Turkish invasion, Makarios secured international recognition of his administration as the legitimate government of the whole island. This was disputed only by Turkey, which currently recognises only the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, established in 1983.

Since the 1974 crisis, the chief aim of the foreign policy of the Republic of Cyprus has been to secure the withdrawal of Turkish forces and the reunification of the island under the most favourable constitutional and territorial settlement possible. This campaign has been pursued primarily through international forums such as the United Nations and the Non-Aligned Movement, and in recent years through the European Union.

Presidents of Russia and Cyprus meet at least once every year.
Cyprus president Dimitris Christofias and Cyprus first lady with U.S. President Barack Obama and Michelle Obama

Turkey

Turkey flatly refuses to recognize the government of the Republic of Cyprus, stating that the Republic - as established by the Constitution of 1960 - ceased to exist when the intercommunal violence that commenced in December 1963 ended Turkish Cypriot participation in the Cypriot government. The attempted coup in July 1974 - engineered by Greek Military Junta - was responded to by Turkey by a full military invasion, which resulted in the northern third of the island being occupied by Turkish military forces. This portion of Cyprus unilaterally declared independence in November 1983 as the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC), which Turkey recognizes. Turkey refers to the Republic of Cyprus government as "The Greek Cypriot Administration of South Cyprus."

Cyprus takes the view that the TRNC government is a puppet administration, and thus prefers to negotiate with Turkey over the resolution of the Cyprus Problem. Turkey insists that the TRNC government is the institution that the RoC government must refer to in negotiations.

Cyprus' accession to the European Union has had a negative impact on Turkey in regards to its own accession negotiations. The refusal of Turkey to allow Cypriot-flagged ships to access Turkish ports has resulted in a partial suspension of its accession negotiations. However Cyprus is in favor of Turkey's Accession to the EU with the hope it will facilitate a viable and just solution of the Cyprus Problem.[3]

Europe

Cyprus embassy in Stockholm
Cyprus embassy in Moscow

Cyprus' 1990 application for full EU membership caused a storm in the Turkish Cypriot community, which argued that the move required their consent. Following the December 1997 EU Summit decisions on EU enlargement, accession negotiations began 31 March 1998. Cyprus joined the European Union on 1 May 2004. To fulfil its commitment as a member of the European Union, Cyprus withdrew from the Non-Aligned Movement on accession, retaining observer status.

Country Formal relations began Notes
 Armenia 1991 See Armenia–Cyprus relations
  • Armenia is represented in Cyprus through its embassy in Athens (Greece).
  • Cyprus is represented in Armenia through its embassy in Moscow (Russia) and through an honorary consulate in Yerevan.
  • There are over 3,500 people of Armenian descent living in Cyprus.
  • Cyprus was the second country to recognise the Armenian Genocide on 24 April 1975.
  • Cyprus Foreign Ministry: list of bilateral treaties with Armenia
 Bulgaria 1960 See Bulgaria–Cyprus relations
  • Bulgaria has an embassy in Nicosia, and honorary consulate in Limassol.
  • Cyprus has an embassy in Sofia.
  • Cyprus joined the European Union as a full member on 1 May 2004, while Bulgaria joined on 1 January 2007.
  • Cyprus Foreign Affairs: List of bilateral treaties with Bulgaria
 Czech Republic 1960s
  • Cyprus has an embassy in Prague.[4]
  • The Czech Republic has an embassy in Nicosia and 2 honorary consulates (in Limassol and Nicosia).[5]
  • Both countries are full members of the European Union.
  • Cyprus Foreign Affairs: List of bilateral treaties with the Czech Republic
 Denmark See Cyprus–Denmark relations
  • Cyprus has an embassy in Copenhagen and an honorary consulate in Århus.[6]
  • Denmark has an embassy in Nicosia.[7]
  • Both countries are full members of the European Union.
  • Cyprus Ministry of Foreign Affairs: List of bilateral treaties with Denmark
 Estonia 22 January 1992
  • Cyprus recognized the Republic of Estonia on 12 September 1991.
  • Cyprus is represented in Estonia through its embassy in Helsinki (Finland).
  • Estonia is represented in Cyprus through its embassy in Athens (Greece) and through 2 honorary consulates in Nicosia.

Both countries are full members of the European Union.

  • By the late 2005, in Nicosia the first session of the Estonia-Cyprus Intergovernmental Commission established under the Agreement on Economic, Scientific, Technical and Industrial Co-operation took place.
  • Cyprus Ministry of Foreign Affairs: list of bilateral treaties with Estonia
  • Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Cyprus
 Finland 2 September 1961
  • Finland recognized Cyprus on 16 August 1960.
  • Cyprus has an embassy in Helsinki and an honorary consulate in Vantaa.[8]
  • Finland has an embassy and 2 honorary consulates in Nicosia.[9]
  • Both countries are full members of the European Union.
  • Cyprus Foreign Affairs: List of bilateral treaties with Finland
 France
  • The two countries share membership of the European Union.
  • Cyprus is an associate member of the Francophonie organization since 2006. About 12% of Cyprus population speaks and understands French.
  • France is a supporter of Cyprus in the different (sicsic) that oppose the European Union against Turkey's refusal to recognize and admit Cypriot ships and planes.
  • France contributes significantly in the military equipment of Cyprus National Guard.
  • List of Treaties between the 2 countries by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Cyprus
  • French embassy in Cyprus
 Georgia 9 July 1993 See Cyprus-Georgia relations
  • Cyprus is represented in Georgia through its embassy in Moscow (Russia).
  • Georgia has an embassy in Nicosia.
  • Cyprus Ministry of Foreign affairs: list of bilateral treaties with Georgia
  • Georgian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about the relations with Cyprus
 Germany 1960 See Cyprus–Germany relations
  • Cyprus has an embassy in Berlin and a consulate-general in Hamburg.[10]
  • Germany has an embassy in Nicosia.[11]
  • Both countries are members of the European Union.
  • In 2004, an agreement on mutual recognition of university degrees was signed, designed to facilitate Cypriot and German students' admission to German and Cypriot universities.
  • There is a close and trustful cooperation at a government level. Minister of State Hoyer visited Cyprus on 11 and 12 February 2010. Federal Foreign Minister Westerwelle met with his Cypriot counterpart Marcos Kyprianou in Berlin on 2 March
  • Cyprus Foreign Ministry: list of bilateral treaties between Cyprus and Germany
  • German Foreign Ministry about relations with Cyprus
 Greece
  • See Cyprus–Greece relations
  • Cyprus has an embassy in Athens and a consulate-general in Thessaloniki.
  • Greece has an embassy in Nicosia.
  • Both countries are members of the European Union.
  • The Greek Cypriot majority in Cyprus and the ethnic Greek population of Greece share a common ethnicity, heritage, language, and religion, leading to an exceptionally close relationship between the two countries.
 Hungary 1960
  • Cyprus has an embassy in Budapest.
  • Hungary has an embassy and an honorary consulate in Nicosia.[12]
  • Both countries are full members of the European Union.
  • Cyprus Foreign Affairs: List of bilateral treaties with Hungary
Ireland See Cyprus–Ireland relations
  • Ireland has an embassy in Nicosia.
  • Cyprus has an embassy in Dublin.
  • Since 1964, over 9,000 members of the Irish Defense Forces have served in Cyprus without suffering any casualties.[13]
 Italy 1960
 Lithuania
  • Cyprus is represented in Lithuania through its embassy in Warsaw (Poland).
  • Lithuania is represented in Cyprus through its embassy in Athens (Greece) and through an honorary consulates in Nicosia and Larnaca.[15]
  • Both countries are full members of the European Union.
  • Cyprus Foreign Ministry: list of bilateral treaties with Lithuania
  • Lithuanian Ministry of Foreign affairs: list of bilateral treaties with Cyprus (in Lithuanian only)
 Malta See Cyprus–Malta relations
  • Cyprus is represented to Malta through its accredited embassy in Rome (Italy).
  • Malta is represented to Cyprus through its accredited embassy in Athens (Greece).
  • The two countries are members of the European Union and Commonwealth of Nations.
  • List of Treaties between the 2 countries by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Cyprus
 Moldova 12 February 1992
  • Cyprus Ministry of Foreign Affairs: list of bilateral treaties with Moldova
  • Moldovan Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration about relations with Cyprus
 Monaco 24 February 2011
  • 2011...February 24, date which is officially regarded as the date of establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries
  • Ambassador designate
 Montenegro 13 March 2007

Cyprus-Montenegro relations

  • Cyprus recognized the Republic of Montenegro on 16 June 2006.
  • Cyprus is represented in Montenegro through its embassy in Belgrade (Serbia).
  • Establishment of diplomatic relations (Cyprus Ministry Foreign Affairs)
  • Cyprus recognition official recognition of Montenegro (in Montenegrin)
  • Cyprus recognition official recognition of Montenegro
 Netherlands 1960
  • Both countries established diplomatic relations in 1960, after Cyprus independence.
  • Cyprus has an embassy in The Hague.[16]
  • The Netherlands have an embassy in Nicosia and 2 honorary consulates in Limassol.[17]
  • Both countries are full members of the European Union.
  • Cyprus Foreign Affairs: List of bilateral treaties with the Netherlands
  • Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Cyprus (in Dutch)
 Norway See Cyprus–Norway relations Cyprus–Norway relations are foreign relations between Cyprus and Norway. Diplomatic relations were established on 22 March 1963.[18] The government in Cyprus considers that "bilateral relations between Cyprus and Norway are excellent in all fields".[19] Neither country has resident ambassadors. Cyprus is represented in Norway through its embassy in Stockholm, Sweden, and 2 honorary consulates, one in Oslo and the second in Kristiansand. Norway is represented in Cyprus through its embassy in Athens, Greece, and an honorary consulate in Nicosia.[20] Both countries are full members of the Council of Europe. Diplomatic relations were established on 22 March 1963.[19] On 21 August 1951, there was a Consular Convention and an Exchange of Letters relating to establishing diplomatic relations. On 2 May 1951, there was a Convention for the Avoidance of Double Taxation and the Prevention of Fiscal Evasion with respect to Taxes on Income. On 17 May 1962, there was an Exchange of Letters constituting an Agreement on the Abolition of Visa Requirement in Nicosia. On 5 March 1963, there was an Agreement on Commercial Scheduled Air Transport signed in London.[21] The taxation levels in Cyprus are considerably lower than in Norway, and Cyprus has actively courted Norwegians to move to Cyprus.[22] Among the Norwegians who moved to Cyprus is the shipping billionaire John Fredriksen, who was the richest man in Norway.[23][24][25] In 1996 tax rules in Norway were changed to keep shipping companies competitive and under the Norwegian flag. By 2008 changes to the tonnage tax regime to harmonize them with the European Union forced some companies to register in Cyprus.[26] Norwegian Service rig company Prosafe moved their headquarters to Cyprus.[27] Several Norwegian retirees also moved to Cyprus; this too is largely to benefit from the lower tax rate on Cyprus and the minimal crime.[28][29]
  • Cyprus Ministry of Foreign Affairs: list of bilateral treaties with Norway
  • Cyprus embassy in Stockholm (also accredited to Norway)
  • Norway embassy in Athens (also accredited to Cyprus)
 Poland 1960s See Cyprus–Poland relations
  • Cyprus has an embassy in Warsaw and 2 honorary consulates (in Gdynia and Szczecin).
  • Poland has an embassy in Nicosia and an honorary consulate general in Limassol.[30]
  • Both countries are full members of the European Union.
  • Cyprus Foreign Affairs: List of bilateral treaties with Poland
 Portugal
 Romania 16 August 1960
  • Romania has an embassy in Nicosia since November 1960.[32]
  • Cyprus has an embassy in Bucharest.
  • Cyprus joined the European Union as a full member on 1 May 2004, while Romania joined on 1 January 2007.
  • Cyprus Foreign Ministry: list of bilateral treaties between Cyprus and Romania
  • Romanian Foreign Ministry about relations with Cyprus
 Russia See Cyprus–Russia relations
  • The USSR established diplomatic relations with the newly independent Republic of Cyprus on 18 August 1960.
  • Cooperation between both countries has increased since the 1990s and the fall of the USSR.
  • Cyprus has an embassy in Moscow.
  • Russia has an embassy in Nicosia.
 Serbia See Cyprus–Serbia relations
  • Cyprus has an embassy in Belgrade.
  • Serbia has an embassy and an honorary consulate in Nicosia
  • The two countries share common cultural and religious ascpects as both have major orthodox-Christian populations.[33]
  • Cyprus Ministry of Foreign Affairs: list of bilateral treaties with Serbia
 Slovakia
  • Cyprus is represented in Slovakia through its embassy in Vienna (Austria).
  • Slovakia has an embassy in Nicosia and an honorary consulate in Limassol.[34]
  • Both countries are full members of the European Union.
  • Cyprus Ministry of Foreign Affairs: list of bilateral treatis with Slovakia
 Slovenia
 Spain 25 December 1967
 Sweden See Cyprus–Sweden relations
  • Sweden was one of the first countries that sent UN peacekeepers to Cyprus in 1964.[37]
  • Since 1994, Cyprus has an embassy in Stockholm.[38]
  • Sweden has an embassy and an honorary consulate in Nicosia.[39]
  • Cyprus Foreign Affairs: List of bilateral treaties with Sweden
  • The Cypriot embassy in Berlin (Germany) is also accredited as a non-resident embassy to Ukraine. Cyprus also has 2 honorary consulates in Kiev and in Mariupol.[40]
  • Ukraine has an embassy in Nicosia and an honorary consulate in Limassol.[41]
  • Cyprus Ministry of Foreign Affairs: list of bilateral treaties with Ukraine
See Cyprus–United Kingdom relations
  • The two countries share membership of the European Union and Commonwealth of Nations.
  • Cyprus gained its independence from the United Kingdom in 1961, after 83 years of British control.

The continuing British sovereignty of the Dhekelia and Akrotiri areas, has continued to divide Cypriots. The base areas are not under the jurisdiction of the Cypriot government. Several Cypriot villages remain enclaved in the areas, and there have been numerous arrests of anti-British demonstrators over the past few years. These activists assert that the UK should not continue to hold territory in another EU state.

Africa

Country Formal relations began Notes
See Algeria–Cyprus relations
See Cyprus–Egypt relations
  • Cyprus has an embassy in Cairo.
  • Egypt has an embassy in Nicosia.

Egypt is a close ally, sharing as it does an oilfield with Cyprus.Egypt Conquered Cyprus many times in both ancient, Medieval and Modern era and it was ruled by Egyptians during many period which added bases of Egyptian culture to the local culture and supported increasing the relationship between both countries for many ages, The relationship between the two countries was also strained in February 1978 when Cypriot National Guardsmen shot dead Egyptian Commandos at Larnaca International Airport when the commandos attempted to intervene in a hostage situation.

May 21, 2008
  • Cyprus and Guinea-Bissau establish diplomatic relations
  • Cyprus has an embassy in Tripoli.
  • Libya has an embassy in Nicosia.
  • Cyprus Foreign Affairs: List of bilateral treaties with Libya

Cyprus-Madagascar relations

February 1, 2001[45]

Cyprus-Mauritius relations

Cyprus-Namibia relations

Cyprus-Seychelles relations

December 10, 1993

Cyprus-South Africa relations

  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on December 10, 1993.[54][55]
  • Cyprus has a High Commission in Pretoria.[43]
  • South Africa is represented in Cyprus through its embassy in Athens, Greece.[54]
1999
  • Cyprus is represented in Tunisia through its embassy in Paris (France).
  • Tunisia is represented in Cyprus through its embassy in Rome (Italy) and an honorary consulate in Larnaca.
  • Both countries are full members of the Union for the Mediterranean.
  • Tunisian Foreign Affairs Ministry about relations with Cyprus (in French only)

Americas

Country Formal relations began Notes
  • Argentina is accredited to Cyprus from its embassy in Tel Aviv, Israel and has an honorary consulate in Nicosia.[56]
  • Cyprus is accredited to Argentina from its embassy in Madrid, Spain and has an honorary consulate in Buenos Aires.[57]
  • List of Treaties ruling relations Argentina and Cyprus (Argentine Foreign Ministry, in Spanish)
  • Cyprus Foreign Affairs: List of bilateral treaties with Argentina
July 21, 1964

Brazil-Cyprus relations

  • Diplomatic relations were established on July 21 1964[58]
  • Cyprus has an embassy in Brazilia.[59]
  • Brazil has an embassy in Nicosia.[60]
See Commonwealth of Nations.
  • Canada is accredited to Cyprus from its high commission in Athens, Greece and an honorary consulate in Nicosia.[61]
  • Cyprus is accredited to Canada from its embassy in Washington, DC and consulate-general in Toronto.[62]
January 25, 1966
  • Colombia is represented in Cyprus through its embassy in Rome, Italy.
  • Cyprus is represented in Colombia through its embassy in Mexico City, Mexico.

In 2010, both Ministers of Foreign Affairs signed a cooperation agreement regarding tourism and the war on drugs.[63]

1960
  • Cyprus has an embassy in Mexico City.[64]
  • Mexico is accredited to Cyprus from its embassy in Athens, Greece and has an honorary consulate in Nicosia.[65]
  • Cyprus Foreign Affairs: List of bilateral treaties with Mexico
1966

Cyprus-Peru relations

  • Both countries established diplomatic relations in 1966.[66]
  • Cyprus is represented in Peru through its embassy in Brazilia, Brazil.[43]
See Cyprus–United States relations

Asia

Country Formal relations began Notes
See Cyprus–China relations
  • China has an embassy in Nicosia.[69]
  • Cyprus has an embassy in Beijing.[70]
  • Cyprus has a High Commission in New Delhi and 2 honorary consulates (in Mumbai and Kolkata).
  • India has a High Commission in Nicosia.[71]
  • Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations.
  • Cypriots are recognised as part of Greece by the Indians.
  • Cypriot Ministry of Foreign Affairs: list of bilateral treaties with India
1960s
  • Cyprus has an embassy in Tehran.[72]
  • Iran has an embassy in Nicosia.
  • Cyprus Ministry of Foreign Affairs: list of bilateral treaties with Iran

Cyprus-Indonesia relations

Cyprus-Indonesia relations

  • Diplomatic relations were established on December 4 1987[73][74]
  • Cyprus is represented in Cyprus through its embassy in Canberra, Australia.[75]
  • Indonesia is represented in Cyprus through its embassy in Rome, Italy.[76]
1960 See Cyprus–Israel relations

In the case of Israel, Cyprus has occasionally outwardly backed the Palestinians in the Arab-Israeli conflict, to the annoyance of some in the Israeli government. Cyprus, like over 100 other countries, officially recognizes Palestine as a de facto state. The island is also host to a number of Palestinian and Lebanese refugees.

Relations between the two countries continued to suffer when Cypriot first lady Antroulla Vasiliou, the wife of President persona non grata in Israel when a delegation she was leading attempted to meet with Yasser Arafat, who was under house arrest.

Controversy and public outcry arose in the early 2000s, when members of the Cypriot branch of the Greek Orthodox Church were accused of selling church-owned land in the West Bank to Israeli developers, putting Cypriot commitment to the Palestinian cause at question. The expulsion of two alleged Israeli spies from the island in 1998 also caused tension between the two governments.

The two countries now appear to be on improving terms, there has been coopertation on numerous areas but mostly on agriculture, military and tourism. The Cypriot government has also been reported to be making deals with both Israel and Egypt in exploring for oil off the southern Cyprus coast.

Israeli foreign minister Avigdor Lieberman visited Cyprus at the invitation of his Cypriot counterpart when Netanyahu was in Washington for the direct talks with the Palestinian leader. Lieberman and Cyprus foreign minister Kyprianou have met several times this year in an effort to strengthen relations between their countries.

  • Cyprus has an embassy in Tel Aviv.[77]
  • Israel has an embassy in Nicosia.[78]
  • Both countries are members of the Union for the Mediterranean.
  • Cyprus Foreign Affairs: List of bilateral treaties with Israel
1962-06
  • Cypriot president George Vasiliou visited in 1989 and 1990.
  • The balance of trade between Cyprus and Japan is heavily weighed in favor of Japan, with Japan exporting automobiles and electrical products and importing clothing and food products.
  • Cyprus is represented in Japan through its non-resident ambassador based in Beijing, China, with an honorary consulate in Tokyo.
  • Japan is represented in Cyprus through its non-resident ambassador based in Athens, Greece, with as an honorary consulate in Limassol.
  • Cypriot Ministry of Foreign Affairs: list of bilateral treaties with Japan
  • Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs on relations with Cyprus
1960
  • Cyprus is represented in Jordan through its embassy in Damascus (Syria) and Cyprus has an honorary consulate in Amman.
  • Jordan is represented in Cyprus through its embassy in Athens (Greece) and Jordan has an honorary consulate in Nicosia. * Both countries are members of the Union for the Mediterranean.
  • Cyprus Foreign Affairs: List of bilateral treaties with Jordan
1960
  • Cyprus an honorary consulate in Astana and is represented through its embassy in Moscow.[79]
  • Kazakhstan has an honorary consultate in Nicosia and Limassol.
  • Both countries are members of the United Nations.
  • Cyprus Foreign Affairs: List of bilateral treaties with Kazakhstan
December 19, 1973

Cyprus-Mongolia relations

  • Both countries established diplomatic relations on December 19, 1973.[80][81]
  • Cyprus is represented in Mongolia through its embassy in Beijing, China.[43]
  • Mongolia is represented in Cyprus through its embassy in Sofia, Bulgaria[82]
1995 See Foreign relations of North Korea
1960
  • Cyprus has an embassy and an honorary consulate in Beirut.[83]
  • Lebanon has an embassy in Nicosia.
  • Both countries are members of the Union for the Mediterranean.
  • Cyprus Foreign Affairs: List of bilateral treaties with Lebanon
1978
  • Oman has an embassy in Nicosia.
  • Cyprus is represented in Oman through its embassy in Cairo (Egypt) and through an honorary consulate in Muscat.
  • Cyprus Ministry of Foreign Affairs: list of bilateral treaties with Oman
  • Oman Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Cyprus
1960 See Cyprus–Qatar relations
  • Cyprus has an embassy in Doha.
  • Qatar has an embassy in Nicosia and an honorary consulate in Limassol.
  • Both countries are members of the United Nations.
  • Cyprus Foreign Affairs: List of bilateral treaties with Qatar
1960 See Cyprus–Saudi Arabia relations
  • Cyprus is represented through its honorary consulate in Jeddah.
  • Saudi Arabia is represented through its embassy in Nicosia.
  • Both countries are members of the United Nations.
  • [1]
28 December 1995[84] See Cyprus – South Korea relations

Cyprus-Thailand relations

Cyprus-Thailand relations

  • Cyprus is represented in Thailand through its embassy in New Delhi, India.[85]
  • Thailand is represented in Cyprus through its embassy in Rome, Italy.[76]
  • Cyprus has an embassy in Abu Dhabi
  • United Arab Emirates still didn't open and embassy in Nicosia and is expected to do so in 2015.
  • Cyprus Foreign Affairs: List of bilateral treaties with Syria
Cyprus is represented in Vietnam through its embassy in New Delhi, India. Vietnam is represented in Cyprus through its embassy in Tripoli, Libya.

Oceania

Country Formal relations began Notes
  • Australia has a high commission in Nicosia.[86]
  • Cyprus has a high commission in Canberra.[87]
  • Since 1964, New Zealand has contributed several times to the UN Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP).
  • Cyprus is represented in New Zealand through its high commission in Canberra (Australia) and through an honorary consulate in Christchurch.
  • New Zealand is represented in Cyprus through its embassy in Rome (Italy) and through an honorary consulate in Nicosia.
  • Both countries are full members of the Commonwealth of Nations.
  • New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade about relations with Cyprus
June 22, 2009
  • Establishment of Diplomatic Relations with the Republic of Cyprus

Overview

The Republic of Cyprus maintains diplomatic relations with 178 states (including the Holy See and Palestinian National Authority ) and is United Nations, Union for the Mediterranean and European Union full member. It does not maintain diplomatic relations with:[88][89]

The Republic of Cyprus is not recognised by Turkey.

International disputes

Condoleezza Rice by US ambassadors in Larnaca International Airport, Cyprus

The 1974 invasion of the Turkish army divided the island nation into two. The internationally recognised Republic of Cyprus currently has effective control in the south of the island (59% of the island's land area) while its area not under its effective control makes up 37% of the island. Turkey utilising the territory occupied during the invasion recognizes a declared separatist[90] UDI of Turkish Cypriots in 1983, contrary to multiple United Nations Security Council Resolutions. The two territories of the Republic are separated by a United Nations Buffer Zone (4% of the island); there are two UK sovereign base areas mostly within the Greek Cypriot portion of the island.

Illicit drugs

Cyprus is a minor transit point for heroin and hashish via air routes and container traffic to Europe, especially from Lebanon; some cocaine transits as well. The island has also been criticised for supposedly lax arms control legislation.

Cyprus and the Commonwealth of Nations

Although Cyprus became an independent republic in 1960, Cyprus has been a member state of the Commonwealth of Nations since 1961.

See also

References

  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^ Stephanos Constantinides and Jean Catsiapis Cyprus, Greece, Turkey. From The Summit of Helsinki to The Summit of Nice, Etudes helléniques / Hellenic Studies, 9 (2), Spring 2001. ISSN 0824-8621.
  4. ^ Cyprus embassy in Prague
  5. ^
  6. ^ Cyprus embassy in Copenhagen
  7. ^ Danish embassy in Nicosia
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^ Cyprus embassy in Berlin
  11. ^
  12. ^ Hungarian embassy in Nicosia
  13. ^
  14. ^ Italian embassy in Nicosia
  15. ^
  16. ^ Cyprus embassy in The Hague
  17. ^
  18. ^
  19. ^ a b
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^
  23. ^
  24. ^
  25. ^
  26. ^
  27. ^
  28. ^
  29. ^
  30. ^
  31. ^ Cyprus embassy in Lisbon
  32. ^
  33. ^ Serbian Ministry of Foreign Affairs about relations with Cyprus
    • The Cypriot Minister voiced his full support to Serbia's territorial integrity and EU integration, which should lead to full EU membership.
    • Serbian embassy in Nicosia
  34. ^ Slovakian embassy in Nicosia
  35. ^ Cyprus embassy in Madrid
  36. ^ Spanish embassy in Nicosia (in Spanish only)
  37. ^
  38. ^ Cyprus embassy in Stockholm
  39. ^
  40. ^
  41. ^ Ukrainian embassy in Nicosia
  42. ^
  43. ^ a b c d e Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Cyprus
  44. ^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Cyprus
  45. ^ Ministry of foreign Affairs of Cyprus
  46. ^ Ministry of foreign Affairs of Cyprus
  47. ^ Ministry of foreign Affairs of Cyprus
  48. ^ Cyprus embassy in Lisbon (also accredited to Morocco)
  49. ^ Cyprus Ministry of Foreign Affairs: directions of the 2 honorary consulates of Morocco in Cyprus
  50. ^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Cyprus
  51. ^ Ministry of foreign Affairs of Cyprus
  52. ^ Ministry of foreign Affairs of Cyprus
  53. ^ Ministry of foreign Affairs of Cyprus
  54. ^ a b Department of International Relations and Cooperation of South Africa
  55. ^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Cyprus
  56. ^ Argentine Ministry of Foreign Affairs (in Spanish)
  57. ^ Cypriot Ministry of Foreign Affairs-Argentina
  58. ^ Ministry Foreign Affairs of Cyprus
  59. ^ Ministry Foreign Affairs of Cyprus
  60. ^ Ministry Foreign Affairs of Cyprus
  61. ^ Embassy of Canada in Athens, Greece (in English and French)
  62. ^ Consulate-General of Cyprus in Toronto (in English and Greek)
  63. ^
  64. ^ Embassy of Cyprus in Mexico City (in English, Greek and Spanish)
  65. ^ Embassy of Mexico in Athens, Greece (in English and Spanish)
  66. ^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Cyprus
  67. ^ Embassy of Cyprus in Washington, DC
  68. ^ Embassy of the United States in Nicosia
  69. ^ Embassy of China in Nicosia (in Chinese and English)
  70. ^ Embassy of Cyprus in Beijing (in Chinese, English and Greek)
  71. ^ Indian high commission in Nicosia
  72. ^ Cyprus embassy in Tehran
  73. ^ Ministry Foreign Affairs of Cyprus
  74. ^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Indonesia
  75. ^ Ministry Foreign Affairs of Cyprus
  76. ^ a b Ministry Foreign Affairs of Cyprus
  77. ^ Embassy of Cyprus in Tel-Aviv (in English, Greek and Hebrew)
  78. ^ Embassy of Israel in Nicosia (in English and Hebrew)
  79. ^
  80. ^ of Foreign Affairs of Mongolia
  81. ^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Cyprus
  82. ^ [2]
  83. ^ Cyprus embassy in Beirut
  84. ^ a b http://www.mofa.go.kr/ENG/countries/europe/countries/20070818/1_24625.jsp?menu=m_30_40
  85. ^ Ministry Foreign Affairs of Cyprus
  86. ^ High Commission of Australia in Nicosia
  87. ^ High Commission of Cyprus in Canberra
  88. ^ Cyprus diplomatic relations
  89. ^ Cypriot diplomatic missions abroad
  90. ^ Christopher Hitchens, Uncorking the Genie: The Cyprus Question and Turkey's Military Rule MERIP Reports, No. 122, Turkey under Military Rule (Mar. - Apr., 1984), pp. 25-27, doi:10.2307/3011799
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