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Flag of El Salvador

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Title: Flag of El Salvador  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Flag of the United States, Flags of North America, Civil ensign, El Salvador, Outline of El Salvador
Collection: 1912 Introductions, National Flags, National Symbols of El Salvador
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Flag of El Salvador

El Salvador
Use State and war flag, naval ensign
Proportion 189:335
Adopted May 27, 1912
Design A horizontal triband of blue (top and bottom) and white and blue with the National Coat of Arms of El Salvador centered on the white band;
Variant flag of El Salvador
Use Civil flag
Proportion 3:5
Variant flag of El Salvador
Use State and war flag, civil and state ensign
Proportion 3:5

The flag of El Salvador was inspired by the flag of the Federal Republic of Central America, and by the flag of Argentina, the country that sent one of the first fleets to help consummate the independence of Central American republics from Spain.


There are two versions of the flag, one containing the national cobalt blue and white stripes and both flags have a 3:5 aspect ratio.

From 1865 to 1912, a different flag was in use, with a field of alternating cobalt blue and white stripes and a red canton containing white stars. The designs of both sides of the flag are different; at the reverse side, it shows the then national coat of arms at the position of stars at obverse. The stars symbolized the provinces of the Republic; once a new province was created, one star was add to the obverse of the flag. This "Star-Striped" banner were considered to be inspired from Flag of the United States.

The actual cobalt blue and white stripes in the flag are based on the importance of añil exports—añil was commonly used as a source for indigo dye.


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