World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Fall of Tlemcen (1517)

Article Id: WHEBN0029213693
Reproduction Date:

Title: Fall of Tlemcen (1517)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Capture of Algiers (1516), Capture of Algiers (1529), Expedition to Mostaganem (1558), Conquest of Tunis (1534), Sieges of Oran and Mers El Kébir
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Fall of Tlemcen (1517)

The Fall of Tlemcen occurred in 1517, when the Ottoman corsair Oruç Barbarossa captured the city of Tlemcen from its sultan, Abu Zayan, the last member of the Beni-Zian lineage.[1]

The fall of Tlemcen followed the capture of Ténès, also by Oruç and his brother, Hayreddin.[1] The Sultan of Tlemcen then fled to Fez in Morocco.[1] Oruç crowned himself king of Tlemcen.[1] The only survivor of Abu Zayan's dynasty was Sheikh Buhammud, who escaped to Oran and called for Spain's assistance.

This victory put Oruç in control of the backcountry behind the Spanish base of Oran, which greatly threatened their usual supply routes.[1] This victory put Oruç in control of a considerable territory, the size of colonial French Algeria.[2]

The Spanish however soon reacted in 1518 by launching an attack on Tlemcen, which was 70 miles away from Oran, and managed to corner and kill Oruç. They took possession of the region of Tlemcen.[1]

Soon however, the king of Morocco raised a considerable army and marched on Tlemcen, expelling the Spanish.[1]

The Ottomans would again exert direct influence in Tlemcen from 1545.[3] That year, the Wattassid ruler of Morocco Sultan Ahmad was taken prisoner by his rivals, the sharifian Saadians. His successor, Ali Abu Hassun, regent for Ahmad's young son Nasir al-Qasiri, decided to pledge allegiance to the Ottomans in order to obtain their support.[3]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g "The town of Tenes fell into the hands of the brothers, with an immense booty, and then Uruj marched on Tlemcen. The Sultan of Tlemcen, the last of the royal race of the Beni-Zian, did not await the coming of the corsair." in ff by E. Hamilton Currey p. 72Sea-Wolves of the Mediterranean
  2. ^ "With the fall of Tlemcen Uruj became master of a territory as large as the modern French colony of Algeria, and his exploits made many of the rulers about the Mediterranean quake in their shoes." in The book of pirates Henry Gilbert, 207-208
  3. ^ a b ff by Jamil M. Abun-Nasr p.155A history of the Maghrib in the Islamic period
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.