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FC Dynamo Moscow

Dynamo Moscow
Full name Футбольный клуб Динамо Москва
(Football Club Dynamo Moscow)
Nickname(s) Belo-golubye (White-blues)
Dinamiki (Louders)
Musora (Cops)
Great and Mighty
Founded 18 April 1923 (1923-04-18)
Ground Arena Khimki
Ground Capacity 18,636
Owner Dynamo Sports Society
Chairman Vacant
Manager Andrei Kobelev
League Russian Premier League
2015–16 4th
Website Club home page

FC Dynamo Moscow (Dinamo Moscow, FC Dinamo Moskva,[1] Russian: Дина́мо Москва́ ) is a Russian football club based in Khimki, Moscow Oblast, currently playing in the Russian Premier League. Dynamo's traditional kit colours are blue and white. Their crest is of a blue letter "D," written in a traditional cursive style, on a white background with the name of their hometown "Moscow" written in front of a football underneath. The club's motto is "Power in Motion," which was initially proposed by Maxim Gorky, the famous Russian author who once was an active member of the Dynamo sports society.

Dynamo is the oldest Russian football club and the only one that has always played in the top tier of the Soviet (for the Soviet era – sharing this achievement jointly with Dynamo Kyiv) and the Russian football competitions, having never been relegated to the lower divisions. Despite this, it has never won the modern Russian Premier League title.

During the Soviet era, it was affiliated with the MVD (Ministry of Internal Affairs – The Soviet Militia) and with the KGB[2][3] and was a part of Dynamo sports society. Chief of the Soviet security and secret police apparatus NKVD, Lavrentiy Beria, was a patron of the club until his downfall.

From 10 April 2009 to 26 June 2015, VTB Bank was the owner of Dynamo after acquiring 74% of the stock in the club.[4] Boris Rotenberg Sr. was appointed as a chairman, while he was listed by the Russian edition of Forbes magazine as the 100th wealthiest person in Russia in 2010, with a net worth of US$700 million. In 2014, he ranked 27th on the list with a net worth of US$4 billion. He has been a friend of the Russian President Vladimir Putin since the 1960s, when they took judo lessons together. Boris Rotenberg Sr. was put into sanctions list from the United States and European Union sides as the result of Russian military intervention in Ukraine. On 17 July 2015, Rotenberg resigned as the president of the club.[5]

Contents

  • History 1
    • VTB Bank era 2009– 1.1
    • Society Dynamo ownership 2015– 1.2
  • Rivalries 2
  • Stadium 3
    • Average attendance 3.1
  • Honours 4
  • Seasons from 1992 to present 5
  • European campaigns 6
    • UEFA ranking 6.1
  • Players 7
    • Current squad 7.1
      • Youth squad 7.1.1
    • Notable players 7.2
    • Most appearances 7.3
    • Most goals 7.4
    • One-Club Men 7.5
  • Coaching and medical staff 8
    • Former head coaches 8.1
      • Gallery 8.1.1
  • Personnel 9
    • Club management 9.1
    • Presidents 9.2
  • References 10
  • External links 11

History

Commemorative coin of Lev Yashin, the legendary goalkeeper of the team.

Dynamo Moscow has its roots in the club Morozovtsi Orekhovo-Zuevo Moskva founded as a factory team in 1887. The team was renamed OKS Moskva in 1906 and won a series of Moscow league championships from 1910 to 1914.

After the Russian Revolution, the club eventually found itself under the authority of the Interior Ministry and its head Felix Dzerzhinsky, chief of the Soviet Union's first secret police force, the notorious Cheka. The club was renamed Dynamo Moscow in 1923 and developed some infamy for its intimidating association with the Interior Ministry, often being referred to as Garbage, a Russian criminal slang term for police, by the supporters of other clubs.

Dynamo won the first two Soviet Championships in 1936 and 1937, a Soviet Cup in 1937 and another pair of national titles in 1940 and 1945. They were also the first Soviet club to tour the West and put on an impressive display during a goodwill visit to the United Kingdom in 1945. Complete unknowns, the Soviet players delivered a surprising performance, first drawing 3–3 against Chelsea before beating Cardiff City 1–10. They also defeated an Arsenal side reinforced by the presence of Stanley Matthews, Stan Mortensen and Joe Bacuzzi by a score of 3–4 in a match played in thick fog at White Hart Lane, also drawing 2–2 against Scottish side Rangers.

They continued to be a strong side at home after World War II, and enjoyed their greatest success through the 1950s. Dynamo captured another five championships between 1949 and 1959, as well as their second Soviet Cup in 1953. Honours were harder to come by after that time. The club continued to enjoy some success in the Soviet Cup, but has not won a national championship since 1976. Even so, Dynamo's 11 national titles make it the country's third-most decorated side behind Dynamo Kyiv (13 titles) and Spartak Moscow (12 titles).

Dynamo's greatest achievement in Europe to this day was in the 1971–72 European Cup Winners' Cup, where they reached the Final at Camp Nou in Barcelona, losing 3–2 to Rangers. This was the first time a Russian side had reached a final in a European competition, until CSKA Moscow won the UEFA Cup in 2005.

VTB Bank era 2009–

At the end of the 2008 season, Dynamo finished third, thus qualifying for the 2009–10 Champions League preliminary round. This was the first time that the club had taken part in the competition since its re-branding from the European Cup in 1992. On 29 July 2009, Dynamo recorded an 0–1 away win against Celtic at Celtic Park,[6] which gave them a strong advantage going into the second leg. However, Celtic comfortably defeated Dynamo 0–2 in Moscow to progress,[7] sendin them crashing into the Europa League play-off round, where Dynamo were eliminated by Bulgarian side CSKA Sofia after a 0–0 away draw in Sofia and a 1–2 home defeat in Moscow.

In 2012, after a poor start to the season in which Dynamo lost its first five league games, the club replaced interim manager Dmitri Khokhlov with the Romanian Dan Petrescu, who managed to pull Dynamo out of the relegation zone to a position in the upper-half of the league table. For some time, the team was in a position to qualify European competition for next season, but a failure to win in the last matchday left them in seventh, just two points below the last Europa League qualifier position. Despite his salvaging of the season, on 8 April 2014, Petrescu's contract was terminated by mutual agreement after a heavy loss to league outsiders Anzhi Makhachkala 0–4.[8] As Dynamo Director of Sports Guram Adzhoyev stated, "Last year Dan drew the team from the complicated situation, lifted it to the certain level, but recently we have seen no progress."[9] Petrescu was replaced by Stanislav Cherchesov as manager. Under his management, Dynamo qualified for the group stage of the 2014–15 UEFA Europa League in which they won every game, though they were eliminated by Napoli in the Round of 16. Although they were contending for the UEFA Champions League spot up until mid-season, Dynamo was only able to finish in fourth place in the 2014–15 season after a string of poor results in the latter stages of the season.

Society Dynamo ownership 2015–

In June 2015, Dynamo were excluded from 2015–16 Europa League contention for violating Financial Fair Play break-even requirements.[10][11] As a result, VTB Bank opted to transfer 74 percent of the shares of the club to the Dynamo sports society. Under the proposed plan, the society will own 100 percent of shares of Dynamo as it did back in 2009, while the shares of the VTB Arena will still be held by the Bank. The move will allow the club to comply with the requirements of Financial Fair Play, and VTB Bank will continue to provide support to Dynamo to the extent consistent with Financial Fair Play regulations.

Manager Stanislav Cherchesov was replaced by the returning Andrey Kobelev, and many foreign players, such as Mathieu Valbuena, Balázs Dzsudzsák and Kevin Kurányi, subsequently left Dynamo. Several young Dynamo prospects, such as Grigori Morozov, Aleksandr Tashayev and Anatoli Katrich, which won the Under-21 competition of the 2014–15 season, were introduced to the first-team squad.

Rivalries

Spartak vs Dinamo in Luzhnikí on 14 March 2010.

Since its establishment in 1923, Dynamo's historical rival is Spartak Moscow. Originating in the 1923 Moscow Championship, it was the most important game in the Soviet Union for more than three decades, attracting thousands of fans to every game. Ironically, on New Year's Day in 1936, a combined Dynamo-Spartak team traveled to Paris to face Racing Club de France, then one of Europe's top teams. Shortly after, Dynamo clinched the first-ever Soviet League by beating Spartak 1–0 at Dynamo Stadium in front of 70,000 spectators. Spartak responded by winning the next championship, thus beginning one of the biggest sporting and political rivalries in world football. Following Dynamo's decline in the late 1970s, however, the heated rivalry has faded. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, CSKA Moscow has emerged as a top rival of Spartak. There has also been a recent growing rivalry with Zenit Saint Petersburg and, to a lesser extent, with Moscow neighbours Lokomotiv.

Stadium

View of the historical Dynamo Stadium, home of Dynamo from 1928 to 2008. In 2011, it was demolished in preparation for a new stadium to be built, which will be known as the VTB Arena.

Dynamo's ground used to be the historic Dynamo Stadium in Petrovsky Park, which seats 36,540. In 2008, it was closed for demolition. It is to be replaced by VTB Arena in 2016, which will have a capacity of 27,000 (adjustable up to 45,000). Until its completion, Dynamo has been sharing Arena Khimki with rivals CSKA Moscow since 2010, as the latter are too awaiting the completion of their own new ground, CSKA Moscow Stadium.

Average attendance

Year Average
1970 30,331
1971 28,833
1972 21,787
1973 19,967
1974 24,333
1975 23,327
1976 15,529
1977 17,667
1978 8,987
1979 10,147
1980 10,088
1981 10,804
1982 8,853
1983 8,576
1984 9,359
Year Average
1985 9,129
1986 13,527
1987 16,507
1988 11,600
1989 13,813
1990 9,233
1991 7,627
1992 4,323
1993 4,465
1994 2,882
1995 3,713
1996 3,476
1997 6,000
1998 5,127
1999 8,367
Year Average
2000 8,867
2001 6,933
2002 6,800
2003 6,600
2004 5,300
2005 8,500
2006 8,067
2007 9,733
2008 13,067
2009 7,752
2010 7,116
2011-12 10,193
2012-13 7,516
2013-14 7,860
2014-15 -

Honours

Soviet Top League / Russian Premier League[12]
Soviet Cup / Russian Cup[13][14]
Soviet Super Cup / Russian Super Cup
Progress Cup
  • Champions: 1973, 1981, 1986
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup
Ciutat de Barcelona Trophy
  • Champions: 1976

Seasons from 1992 to present

European campaigns

Season Round Competition Country Opposing Team Score Venue
1972 RU Cup Winners' Cup Rangers 2–3 Camp Nou, Barcelona
1978 SF Cup Winners' Cup Austria Wien 3–3 on aggregate, 4–5(p) Two-legged
1985 SF Cup Winners' Cup Austria Wien 2–4 on aggregate Two-legged

UEFA ranking

As of 30 August 2015[15]
Rank Country Team Points
70 Braga 26.416
71 Dynamo Moscow 26.076
72 Ludogorets Razgrad 25.625

Players

Current squad

As of 31 August 2015, according to the club's official website

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
No. Position Player
1 GK Anton Shunin
2 DF Grigori Morozov
3 DF Alexander Büttner
4 DF Christopher Samba
5 DF Vitali Dyakov
8 FW Pavel Pogrebnyak
9 FW Aleksandr Kokorin
10 FW Saul Gonzales
11 MF Aleksei Ionov
12 DF Yegor Danilkin
13 MF Maksim Kuzmin
15 DF Tomáš Hubočan
17 DF Dmitri Zhivoglyadov
No. Position Player
18 MF Yuri Zhirkov
22 FW Pavel Solomatin
23 DF Anton Sosnin
25 DF Aleksei Kozlov
27 MF Igor Denisov (captain)
30 GK Vladimir Gabulov
47 MF Roman Zobnin
72 DF Aleksandr Kalyashin
77 MF Anatoli Katrich
80 MF Vladislav Lyovin
88 MF Aleksandr Tashayev
90 FW Nikolay Obolskiy

Youth squad

The following players are registered with the RFPL and are listed by club's website as youth players. They are eligible to play for the first team.

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
No. Position Player
33 DF Andryus Rukas
41 GK Igor Leshchuk
43 GK Stanislav Cherchesov Jr.
60 DF Artyom Gorbulin
61 DF Semyon Matviychuk
62 DF Nikita Kalugin
63 MF Pavel Lelyukhin
64 DF Aleksandr Shchegolkov
66 MF Anton Antonov
67 MF Pavel Farafonov
68 DF Denis Sidnev
69 MF Nikita Kireev
70 DF Maksim Nenakhov
71 DF Roman Denisov
73 DF Sergei Evtushenko
74 DF Nikita Klimov
75 MF Mikhail Mogulkin
No. Position Player
76 MF Osman Isayev
78 FW Stanislav Latsevich
79 MF Aleksandr Morgunov
81 GK Pyotr Kosarevskiy
82 MF Guram Adzhoyev
83 GK Andrei Rebrikov
85 MF Nikita Kanavin
86 MF Vyacheslav Grulyov
87 MF Valeri Saramutin
89 DF Nikolai Mayorskiy
91 DF Aleksandr Stepanov
92 FW Maksim Obolskiy
93 MF Eduard Sholokh
96 DF Aleksandr Zakharov
97 MF Anton Altunin
98 MF Anton Terekhov
99 FW Aleksandr Maksimenko

Dynamo's reserve squad played professionally as FC Dynamo-d Moscow (Russian Second League in 1992–1993, Russian Third League in 1994–1997) and FC Dynamo-2 Moscow (Russian Second Division in 1998–2000). A separate team called FC Dynamo-2 Moscow played in the Soviet Second League in 1986–1989, Soviet Second League B in 1990–1991, Russian Second League in 1992–1993 and Russian Third League in 1994–1997.

Notable players

For details of Dynamo Moscow players with a WorldHeritage article, see List of FC Dynamo Moscow players.

Most appearances

R Player Nat. App.
1 Aleksandr Novikov 327
2 Lev Yashin 326
3 Valery Maslov 319
4 Aleksandr Makhovikov 287
5 Gennady Yevryuzhikhin 283
6 Viktor Anichkin 282
7 Sergei Nikulin 280
8 Viktor Tsaryov 279
9 Andrei Kobelev 253
10 Aleksei Petrushin 244

Most goals

R Player Nat. Goals
1 Sergei Solovyov 127
2 Konstantin Beskov 91
3 Vasili Kartsev 72
4 Valery Gazzaev 70
5 Igor Chislenko 68
6 Oleg Teryokhin 67
7 Vasili Trofimov 67
8 Vladimir Ilyin 63
9 Vladimir Savdunin 62
10 Vladimir Kozlov 54

One-Club Men

Player Nationality Position Debut Last Match
Vasili Trofimov FW 1931 1949
Lev Yashin GK 1949 1971
Viktor Tsarev MF 1955 1966
Eduard Mudrik DF 1957 1968
Vladimir Kesarev DF 1956 1965
Nikolai Tolstykh DF 1977 1983

Coaching and medical staff

Role Name
Head coach Andrei Kobelev
Assistant manager Nikolai Gontar
Assistant manager Aleksandr Smirnov
GK coach Roman Berezovsky
Team manager Dmitry Balashov
Administrative Manager Gennady Samodurov
Press Office Konstantin Alekseev
Youth team head coach Sergei Chikishev
Fitness coach Vladimir Panikov
Physiotherapist Sergio de San Martin

Former head coaches

FC Dynamo Moscow coaching history from 1936 to present

Gallery

Personnel

Club management

Role Name
Chairman of the Board of directors Vasily Titov
President Vacant
First Vice-President Gennady Solovyev
Vice-President Yuri Belkin
Vice-President Yuri Lyubimov
Executive Director Sergei Sysoev
Deputy Executive Director Dmitry Ivanov
Deputy Executive Director Alexei Smertin

Presidents

In the Dynamo organization, the position of "president" has not always been present; several times the head of the club was titled as "chief executive officer (CEO)."

Nikolai Tolstykh, president of Russian Football Union since 2012. Tolstykh played his entire professional career for Dynamo from 1974 to his retirement in 1983 after a serious injury. After retiring, he served as the team's president and general director on numerous occasions.
Date Position/name
President
1989—1990 Vladimir Pilguy
President
1991—1992 Valery Sysoev
1993—1997 Nikolai Tolstykh
General director
1998 Nikolai Tolstykh
President
1999 Nikolai Tolstykh
General director
2000—2001 Nikolai Tolstykh
2002 Vladimir Ulyanov
2002—2006 Yuri Zavarzin
2006—2009 Dmitry Ivanov
President
2009—2012 Yuri Isaev
2012—2013 Gennady Solovyov
2013—2015 Boris Rotenberg Sr.

References

  1. ^ uefa.com FC Dinamo Moskva
  2. ^ James Appell (14 August 2008). "Kiev make mincemeat of Spartak". ESPN Soccernet. Retrieved 22 December 2010. 
  3. ^ Franklin Mossop, Lawrence Booth and Matthew Cunningham (8 May 2003). "Men behaving badly". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 December 2010. 
  4. ^ ВТБ получил 74 процента акций московского "Динамо"
  5. ^ Борис Ротенберг покидает пост президента (in Russian). FC Dynamo Moscow. 17 July 2015. 
  6. ^ McDaid, David (29 July 2009). "Celtic 0–1 Dynamo Moscow". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). Retrieved 26 May 2012. 
  7. ^ McDaid, David (5 August 2009). "D'mo Moscow 0–2 Celtic (agg 1–2)". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). Retrieved 26 May 2012. 
  8. ^ "Match protocol" (in Russian).  
  9. ^ "Динамо" расторгло контракт с Даном Петреску (in Russian). FC Dynamo Moscow. 8 April 2014. 
  10. ^ "FC Dinamo Moskva referred to Adjudicatory Chamber for break-even requirement breach".  
  11. ^ УЕФА отстранил "Динамо" от участия в ЛЕ-2015/16 за нарушение финансового fair play (in Russian).  
  12. ^ "USSR (Soviet Union) - List of Champions". rsssf.com. 
  13. ^ "USSR (Soviet Union) - List of Cup Finals". rsssf.com. 
  14. ^ "Russia - Cup Finals". rsssf.com. 
  15. ^ UEFA Club Coefficients – UEFA.com

External links

  • Official website
  • Club page at the RFPL official site
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