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Eyalet of Childir

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Title: Eyalet of Childir  
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Subject: Administrative divisions of the Ottoman Empire, Eyalet, 1578 establishments in the Ottoman Empire, History of Ardahan Province, History of Artvin Province
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Eyalet of Childir

Eyālet-i Čildir
Eyalet of the Ottoman Empire

1578–1845
 

 

Location of Eyalet of Childir
Childir Eyalet in 1609
Capital Çıldır 1578-1628;
Ahıska 1628-1829
Oltu 1829-1845
History
 •  Battle of Çıldır 1578
 •  Disestablished 1845
Today part of  Georgia
 Turkey

The Eyalet of Childir[1] (Artvin, Ardahan and Erzurum in Turkey. The administrative center was Çıldır between 1578-1628, Ahıska between 1628 and 1829 and Oltu between 1829-1845.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Governors 2
  • Administrative divisions 3
  • See also 4
  • Notes 5
  • References 6

History

  1. ^ Society for the diffusion of useful knowledge (1843). The penny cyclopædia [ed. by G. Long]. p. 180. Retrieved 2013-06-01. 
  2. ^ "Some Provinces of the Ottoman Empire". Geonames.de. Retrieved 25 February 2013. 
  3. ^ a b The Penny Cyclopaedia of the Society for the Difussion of Useful Knowledge. Charles Knight. 1838. p. 174. Retrieved 2013-06-02. 
  4. ^ a b c D. E. Pitcher (1972). An Historical Geography of the Ottoman Empire: From Earliest Times to the End of the Sixteenth Century. Brill Archive. p. 140. GGKEY:4CFA3RCNXRP. Retrieved 2013-06-01. 
  5. ^ a b Gábor Ágoston; Bruce Alan Masters (2009-01-01). Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire. Infobase Publishing. p. 141.  
  6. ^ The Penny Cyclopædia of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. C. Knight. 1843. p. 393. Retrieved 2013-06-01. 
  7. ^ OVER 50,000 PEOPLE VISIT ISHAK PASHA PALACE IN EASTERN TURKEY
  8. ^ Evliya Çelebi; Joseph von Hammer-Purgstall (1834). Narrative of Travels in Europe, Asia, and Africa in the Seventeenth Century. Oriental Translation Fund. p. 95. Retrieved 2013-06-01. 

References

  1. ^ Other variants of this name include Akalzike (from Malthe Conrad Bruun (1822). Universal geography, or A description of all the parts of the world. p. 121. Retrieved 2013-06-02. )

Notes

See also

  1. Sanjak of Purtekrek
  2. Sanjak of Lawaneh
  3. Sanjak of Nusuf Awan
  4. Sanjak of Shushad
  • Hereditary sanjaks:
  1. Sanjak of Oulti
  2. Sanjak of Harbus
  3. Sanjak of Ardinj
  4. Sanjak of Hajrek
  5. Sanjak of Great Ardehan (Ardahan)
  6. Sanjak of Postkhu
  7. Sanjak of Mahjil
  8. Sanjak of Ijareh penbek

Sanjaks of the Eyalet in the 17th century:[8]

Administrative divisions

Governors

By the treaty of Adrianople, much of the pashalik was ceded to Russia, and became part of the Russian Akhalzik Province.[3] The remaining, smaller inner part was united with the eyalet of Kars (later part of Eyalet of Erzurum) in 1845 and coastal parts was united with Trabzon Eyalet in 1829.[6]

During the Russo-Turkish War (1828–1829), Russians occupied much of the province. The administrative centre was moved from Ahıska, which was ceded to Russia, to Oltu.

The Ottomans took the Minuchir (who took the name of Mustafa after converting to Islam) as the first governor.[5] From 1625 onwards the entire eyalet was a hereditary possession of the now-Muslim atabegs of Samtskhe,[4] which administered it as hereditary governors, with some exceptions, until the mid-18th century.[5]

[4] the region was gradually absorbed into the empire.battle of Zivin In the eighty years after the [4]

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