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Extreme points of Europe

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Title: Extreme points of Europe  
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Subject: Geography of Europe, Cape Flissingsky, Extreme points of the Republic of Macedonia, Extreme points of Lithuania, Extreme points of San Marino
Collection: Extreme Points of Earth, Geography of Europe
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Extreme points of Europe

Extreme points of Europe (without Flores Island)

This is a list of the extreme points of Europe: the geographical points that are higher or farther north, south, east or west than any other location in Europe. Some of these positions are open to debate, as the definition of Europe is diverse.

Contents

  • Extremes of the European continent, including islands 1
  • Mainland Europe 2
  • Elevation 3
    • Highest attainable by transportation 3.1
  • See also 4
  • Notes 5
  • External links 6

Extremes of the European continent, including islands

Southernmost point on the island of Gavdos, Greece

Mainland Europe

  • Northernmost point. Cape Nordkinn (Kinnarodden), Norway (71° 08′ 02″ N)
  • Southernmost point. Punta de Tarifa, Spain (36° 00′ 15″ N)
  • Westernmost point. Cabo da Roca, Portugal ( 9º29'56.44 W).[1] If the British Isles, excluding islands, are included, Dunmore Head (10° 28' 48' W) on the Dingle Peninsula in County Kerry, Ireland is the westernmost point.
  • Easternmost point. The easternmost point is dependent upon the various definitions of Europe's eastern border. Utilizing the most common definition of Europe's eastern edge (the watershed divide of the Ural Mountains), the easternmost point of the Ural watershed (and thus mainland Europe) lies on an unnamed 545 metre peak at as shown on various detailed maps such as the Soviet General Staff maps and as shown on Google Earth/Maps. This peak is 17 km northeast of an 875 meter peak named Gora Anoraga and 60 km southwest of Ostrov Lediyev (island) on Arctic waters south of the Kara Sea.

Elevation

  • Highest point. The highest point is dependent upon the definition of Europe.
  • The Caucasus Mountains watershed divide is the most common definition for the European/Asian border. This places the highest point at Mount Elbrus, Russia (5,642 metres; 18,506 feet), which is 11 km onto the European side of the Caucasus watershed divide.
  • If the Caucasus mountains are excluded, the highest point is Mont Blanc, on the border between France and Italy (4,810 metres; 15,781 feet).
  • Lowest point. Caspian Sea shore, Russia (−28 metres; −92 feet)

Highest attainable by transportation

See also: List of highest paved roads in Europe and List of highest railways in Europe

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Statistical Account of the British Empire: 1/ by J. R. Macculloch, retrieved 13 May 2014
  2. ^ Albula and Bernina lines

External links

  • Franz-Joseph-Land, the northernmost islands
  • picture of the westernmost point of Europe
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