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European cinema

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European cinema

Cinema of Europe refers to the film industries and films produced in the continent of Europe. Auguste and Louis Lumière began cinema as a novelty; it led to the silent film era, a period where European cinema was a major commercial success, remaining so until Nazi Germany instigated the European War.[1]

Notable European early film movements include German Expressionism (1920s), French Impressionist Cinema (1920s), Poetic realism (1930s), and Italian neorealism (1940s); it was a period now seen in retrospect as "The Other Hollywood".

Post World War II movements include French New Wave (1950s–60s), Polish Film School (1950s–60s), Czechoslovak New Wave (1960s), New German Cinema (1960s–80s), and Novo Cinema (1960s–70s). The turn of the 21st century has seen movements such as Dogme 95, New French Extremity, and the Romanian New Wave.

History

19th century

Antoine Lumière realized, on 28 December 1895, the first projection, with the Cinematograph, in Paris.[2] In 1897, Georges Méliès established the first cinema studio on a rooftop property in Montreuil, near Paris.

20th century

The European Film Academy was founded in 1988 to annually celebrating European cinema through the European Film Awards.

Philippe Binant[3] realized, on 2 February 2000, the first digital cinema projection in Europe, with the DLP CINEMA technology developed by Texas Instruments, in Paris.[4]

Europa Cinemas

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Europa Cinemas was founded in 1992, funded by the European Union's MEDIA Programme, Euromed Audiovisual, the Council of Europe Eurimages fund, as well as support from France's Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs and National Center of Cinematography and the moving image.

Europa Cinemas is a network of over 1000 cinemas in 588 cities and 60 countries, providing support to cinemas that commit to the screening of European films; it is an effort increase the circulation of European cinema and facilitate international projects and co-operation between cinemas.[5]

European film festivals

European film awards

See also

Film portal
European Union portal

References

External links

  • Europa Cinemas
  • Top 10 movies from Spain according to IMDB.com
  • Cineuropa
  • European Cinema Research Forum
  • European Film Promotion
  • French Trade-Union article about cinema in Europe, may 2009
  • 7 Surprising European Films A look at European game changers from 2000 to 2011


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