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European Liberal, Democrat and Reform Party

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Title: European Liberal, Democrat and Reform Party  
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Subject: European Parliament election, 1999, Pat Cox, European Parliament election, 2004 (United Kingdom), Nicole Fontaine, Union of Greens and Farmers, Liberalism in the United Kingdom
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European Liberal, Democrat and Reform Party

Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party
Parti de l’Alliance des Libéraux et des Démocrates pour l’Europe
President Sir Graham Watson (GB)
Parliament Leader Guy Verhofstadt (BE)
Founded March 1976 (as "Federation of Liberal and Democrat Parties in Europe")
30 April 2004 (as "European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party")
Headquarters Rue Montoyer 31,
1000 Brussels, Belgium
Youth wing European Liberal Youth
Ideology Liberalism[1]
International affiliation Liberal International
European Parliament group Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
Colours Gold and Blue
European Parliament
75 / 766
European Council
(Heads of Government)
2 / 28
Council of the European Union
(Participation in Government)
14 / 28
National Upper House Seats
493 / 2,273
National Lower House Seats
716 / 7,124
Politics of European Union
Political parties

The Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party (ALDE Party) is a European political party mainly active in the European Union, composed of 55 national-level liberal parties from across Europe. Until 10 November 2012, the party was known as European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (ELDR).[2] The ALDE Party is affiliated with the Liberal International.[3]

Having developed from a loose confederation of national political parties in the 1970s, the ALDE Party is a recognised European political party incorporated as a non-profit association under Belgian law. Despite this, the ALDE Party has yet to achieve significant grassroots involvement and retains much of the character of a mere confederation of parties.

As of 2010, ALDE is the third largest European-wide political party represented in European Union institutions, with 75 MEPs and 8 members of the European Commission. Of the 28 EU member states, there are two with ALDE-affiliated Prime Ministers: Andrus Ansip (RE) in Estonia and Mark Rutte (VVD) in the Netherlands. Furthermore, Philipp Rösler (FDP) serves as Vice-Chancellor of Germany and Nick Clegg (LD) serves as Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. Liberals are also in government in eleven other EU member states: Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Denmark, Finland, Lithuania, Romania, Slovenia and Sweden.

Since 20 July 2004, the ALDE Party is politically represented in the European Parliament by the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) parliamentary group, formed in conjunction with the European Democratic Party (EDP). The ALDE parliamentary group is led by Guy Verhofstadt, a former Prime Minister of Belgium. Prior to the 2004 European election the party was attached to the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (ELDR) Group.

The youth wing of ALDE is the European Liberal Youth (LYMEC), which is predominantly based upon youth and student liberal organisations but contains also a small number of individual members. LYMEC is led by Jeroen Diepemaat (VVD, Netherlands), who was elected for a two-year term as LYMEC President in May 2012, and counts 200,000 members.


The leader of the ALDE Party is Sir Graham Watson MEP.



The day to day management of the ALDE Party is handled by the Bureau, the members of which are:[4]




  • Roman Jakic (Zares, Slovenia)

ALDE Group leaders

Other party officials


History of pan-European liberalism

Pan-European liberalism has a long history dating back to the foundation of Liberal International in April 1947. In March 1976, the Federation of Liberal and Democrat Parties in Europe was established, which gradually evolved into the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party (ELDR) with a matching group in the European Parliament, the Group of the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party.

At an extraordinary Congress in Brussels held on 30 April 2004 the day before the enlargement of the European Union, the ELDR Party incorporated itself under Belgian law and became a European political party.

The ELDR Party allied with the European Democratic Party in 2004 to form the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE), with a matching ALDE group in the European Parliament. The ELDR Party adopted its current name on 10 November 2012 in order to match the pan-European alliance and parliamentary group.

European Council and Council of Ministers

European Commissioners

ALDE Member Parties contribute 8 out of the 28 members of the European Commission:

State Commissioner Portfolio Political party Photo
KallasSiim Kallas Vice-President, European Commissioner for Transport RE
KroesNeelie Kroes Digital AgendaVice-President;
European Commissioner for Digital Agenda
RehnOlli Rehn Economic and Financial AffairsVice-President;
European Commissioner for Economic and Monetary Affairs and the Euro
Republic of Ireland
Geoghegan-QuinnMáire Geoghegan-Quinn European Commissioner for Research, Innovation and Science FF
DeGuchtKarel De Gucht European Commissioner for Trade Open Vld
MalmströmCecilia Malmström List of European Commission portfolios#Home Affairs FP
PotočnikJanez Potočnik European Commissioner for the Environment LDS
VassiliouAndroulla Vassiliou European Commissioner for Education, Culture, Multilingualism and Youth EDI

Elected Representatives of Member Parties

European institutions

Organisation Institution Number of seats
 European Union European Commission
8 / 28
 European Union European Council
(Heads of Government)
2 / 28
 European Union Council of the EU
(Participation in Government)
14 / 28
 European Union European Parliament
75 / 736
 Council of Europe Parliamentary Assembly
28 / 318

National Parliaments of European Union member states

Country Institution Number of seats Member parties
 Belgium Chamber of Representatives
Lower house
41 / 150
Upper house
11 / 40
 Bulgaria National Assembly
38 / 240
 Croatia Sabor
16 / 151
 Czech Republic Chamber of Deputies
0 / 200
 Denmark Folketing
64 / 175
 Estonia State Council
59 / 101
 Finland Parliament
45 / 200
Kesk., SFP
 Ireland Dáil
Lower house
19 / 166
Upper house
14 / 60
 Italy Chamber of Deputies
Lower house
0 / 630
IdV, Radicali
Senate of the Republic
Upper house
0 / 315
IdV, Radicali
 Lithuania Seimas
39 / 141
 Luxembourg Chamber of Deputies
13 / 60
 Netherlands House of Representatives
Lower house
53 / 150
VVD, D66
Upper house
21 / 75
VVD, D66
 Poland Sejm
Lower house
0 / 460
 Romania Chamber of Deputies
Lower house
102 / 412
Upper house
51 / 176
 Slovakia National Council
4 / 150
 Slovenia National Assembly
7 / 90
Civic List, Zares, LDS
}]] Congress of Deputies
Lower house
10 / 350
Upper house
10 / 266
 Sweden Riksdag
47 / 349
 United Kingdom House of Commons
Lower house
58 / 650
Lib Dems, Alliance
House of Lords
Upper house
72 / 704
Lib Dems, Alliance

National Parliaments outside the European Union

Country Institution Number of seats Member parties
 Andorra General Council
11 / 28
 Azerbaijan National Assembly
5 / 125
 Georgia Parliament
19 / 150
Republican, FD[5][6]
 Kosovo Assembly
13 / 120
 Macedonia Assembly
5 / 120
 Moldova Parliament
12 / 101
 Norway Storting
9 / 169
 Serbia National Assembly
11 / 250
  Switzerland National Council
Lower house
31 / 200
FDP.The Liberals
Council of States
Upper house
12 / 46
FDP.The Liberals
 Ukraine Verkhovna Rada
1 / 450
European Party of Ukraine

Member parties

Country or Region Party MEPs MPs
 Austria Liberal Forum (LIF)
0 / 19
2 / 183
 Belgium Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats (Open VLD)
3 / 22
3 / 13
13 / 150
13 / 88
 Belgium Reformist Movement (MR)
2 / 22
2 / 8
18 / 150
18 / 62
 Belgium Party for Freedom and Progress (PFF)
0 / 22
0 / 1
 Bulgaria Movement for Rights and Freedoms (ДПС/DPS)
3 / 17
35 / 240
 Bulgaria National Movement for Stability and Progress (НДСВ)
2 / 17
0 / 240
 Croatia Croatian People's Party – Liberal Democrats (HNS)
0 / 12
13 / 151
 Croatia Croatian Social Liberal Party (HSLS)
0 / 12
0 / 151
 Croatia Istrian Democratic Assembly (IDS-DDI)
0 / 12
3 / 151
 Cyprus United Democrats (EDI)
0 / 6
0 / 56
 Czech Republic LIDEM – Liberal Democrats
0 / 22
8 / 200
 Denmark Danish Social Liberal Party
0 / 13
17 / 179
 Denmark Venstre – Liberal Party of Denmark
3 / 13
47 / 179
 Estonia Estonian Centre Party
2 / 6
21 / 101
 Estonia Estonian Reform Party
1 / 6
33 / 101
 Finland Centre Party
3 / 13
35 / 200
 Finland Swedish People's Party of Finland (SFP/RKP)
1 / 13
9 / 200
 Åland Islands
Åland Centre (ÅC)
0 / 13
0 / 200
 Germany Free Democratic Party (FDP)
12 / 99
0 / 631
 Ireland Fianna Fáil (FF)
3 / 12
19 / 166
 Italy Italian Radicals
0 / 73
0 / 630
 Italy Italy of Values (IdV)
5 / 73
0 / 630










 United Kingdom

Outside the EU




 Bosnia and Herzegovina

  • Liberal Democratic Party










See also


External links

  • Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party official site
  • European Liberal Youth (LYMEC)
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