World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Education in Burkina Faso

Article Id: WHEBN0001110636
Reproduction Date:

Title: Education in Burkina Faso  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Education in Africa, List of education articles by country, Education, Index of Burkina Faso-related articles, Sociology of education
Collection: Education in Burkina Faso
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Education in Burkina Faso

Primary School in Gando, Burkina Faso
Education in Burkina Faso is structured in much the same way as in the rest of the world; primary, secondary, and higher education. As of 2008, despite efforts to improve education the country still had the lowest adult literacy rate in the world (25.3%).[1]

Contents

  • Primary and secondary 1
    • School session 1.1
  • Higher education 2
    • Administration 2.1
  • Influencing factors 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Primary and secondary

The Education Act makes schooling compulsory from age 6 to 16.[2] By law, education is also free, but the government does not have adequate resources to provide universal free primary education.[2] Children are required to pay for school supplies, and communities are frequently responsible for constructing primary school buildings and teachers’ housing.[2] Children from poor families can continue to receive tuition-free education through junior high and high school, if their grades qualify.[2] In 2002, the gross primary enrollment rate was 46 percent, and the net primary enrollment rate was 36 percent.[2] Gross and net enrollment ratios are based on the number of students formally registered in primary school and therefore do not necessarily reflect actual school attendance.[2] In 1998, 26.5 percent of children aged 6 to 14 years were attending school.[2] As of 2001, 66 percent of children who started primary school were likely to reach grade 5.[2]

School conditions are usually reasonable with very basic equipment. Legally the size limit for one class is sixty-five students, but in many rural areas classes are much bigger because of the lack of schools. If a school is full, children may get turned away and will have to try again the next year.

There is an International School of Ouagadougou for foreign nationals.

School session

A week runs from Monday to Saturday, with the schools being closed on Thursday. Burkina Faso has a national curriculum. The subjects taught include Production, where children may learn to plant maize and trees or keep chickens, on school land. They have a break between noon and 3pm.

Higher education

University of Ouagadougou, 2010

As of 2010 there were three main public universities in Burkina Faso: The Polytechnic University of Bobo-Dioulasso, the University of Koudougou and the University of Ouagadougou. The first private higher education school was established in 1992. Supervision rates are different from one school to another. At the University Ouagadougou there is one teacher for every 24 students, while at The Polytechnic University of Bobo-Dioulasso they have one teacher for every three students.

In 2010/2011 the University of Ouagadougou had around 40,000 students (83% of the national population of university students), the University of Koudougou had 5,600 students, and the Polytechnic University of Bobo-Dioulasso had 2,600.[3] The private universities each had less than 1,000 students.[4]

Administration

The University Ouagadougou and Bobo-Dioulasso are composed of five levels of decision making: the board of directors, the university assembly, the university council, institutions, and departments.

Influencing factors

  • The number of actual schools (for primary)
  • A shortage of qualified instructors (for higher education)
  • Families have to pay for school supplies and school fees
  • Families have very low income
  • By sending a child (or children) to school it is limiting the money being earned for the family
  • Many families are only able to send one child to school leaving the others to earn money for the family. They usually send the oldest abled male.
  • Language barrier. Education is mainly conducted in French, which only 15% of Burkinabè can speak, rather than in first languages of the country.

References

  1. ^ UNDP Human Development Report 2007/2008 at the Wayback Machine (archived April 29, 2011). Palgrave Macmillan. 2007. ISBN 978-0-230-54704-9
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "Burkina Faso". 2005 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor. Bureau of International Labor Affairs, U.S. Department of Labor (2006). This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  3. ^ Government of France, MINISTERE DES AFFAIRES ETRANGERES ET EUROPEENNES, AMBASSADE DE FRANCE AU BURKINA FASO, FICHE BURKINA FASO, (French)http://www.diplomatie.gouv.fr/fr/IMG/pdf/BURKINA_18-5-11__2_.pdf
  4. ^ Government of France, MINISTERE DES AFFAIRES ETRANGERES ET EUROPEENNES, AMBASSADE DE FRANCE AU BURKINA FASO, FICHE BURKINA FASO, (French)http://www.diplomatie.gouv.fr/fr/IMG/pdf/BURKINA_18-5-11__2_.pdf
  • MapZones Burkina Faso Education. Retrieved Oct 27, 2004.
  • U.S. Department of State Background Note: Burkina Faso. Retrieved Oct 27, 2004.
  • Oxfam's Cool Planet Education in Burkina Faso. Retrieved Oct, 27, 2004.
  • Guenda, Wendengoudi Burkina Faso Higher Education Profile. Retrieved Oct 28, 2004.
  • Paper for All Non-profit (charity) that provides academic resources to children in Ouagagoudou, Burkina Faso.

External links

  • , "ICT4Africa/Country Report Burkina Faso"WikiEducator
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.