World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Eastern Anatolia

Article Id: WHEBN0006005766
Reproduction Date:

Title: Eastern Anatolia  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Subarctic climate, Doner kebab, Hemshin peoples, Malatya, Searches for Noah's Ark, Turkish dance, Kurdish population, Menemen, Cağ kebabı, Armenians in the Ottoman Empire
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Eastern Anatolia

Eastern Anatolia Region
Doğu Anadolu Bölgesi
Region of Turkey
Country Turkey
Area
 • Total 150,210 km2 (58,000 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 5,775,225
 • Density 38/km2 (100/sq mi)

The Eastern Anatolia Region (Turkish: Doğu Anadolu Bölgesi) and (Kurdish: Harema rojhelata Anatolya) is one of seven non-administrative subdivisions of Turkey and encompasses its eastern provinces.

The region and the name "Doğu Anadolu Bölgesi" were first defined at the First Geography Congress in 1941. It has the highest average altitude, largest geographical area, and lowest population density of all regions of Turkey. Some part of the region was formerly called the Armenian Highlands or, simply, Armenia[1][2]

Location and borders

The Eastern Anatolia Region is located in the easternmost part of Turkey. It is bounded by Turkey's Central Anatolia Region to the west, the Black Sea Region to the north, the Southeast Anatolia Region and Iraq to the south, and Iran, Azerbaijan, Armenia and Georgia to the east.

The area of the region is 171,061 km², 21% of the total area of Turkey.

Provinces

Population

The total population of the region is 6,100,000 (2000 census). The region has the second most rural population of Turkey after the Black Sea region. The migration level (to the other regions, especially to Marmara Region) is high and population density (35 person/km²) is lower than the average for Turkey (85 person/km²).

Geography

The average altitude is 2,200 m. Major geographic features include plains, plateaus and massifs. There is some volcanic activity today.

Massifs and mountains

Plateaus and plains

Lakes

Rivers

Climate and nature

Erzurum
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
20
 
−4
−15
 
 
24
 
−3
−14
 
 
33
 
3
−7
 
 
58
 
12
0
 
 
70
 
17
4
 
 
43
 
22
7
 
 
27
 
27
10
 
 
16
 
28
10
 
 
21
 
23
5
 
 
49
 
15
1
 
 
33
 
7
−5
 
 
22
 
−1
−11
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Turkish State Meteorology[3]

Since most of the region is far from the sea, and has high altitude, it has a harsh continental climate with long winters and short summers. During the winter, it is very cold and snowy, during summer the weather is cool in the highlands and warm in the lowlands. The region has the lowest average temperature of all Turkish regions, with -25°C. Although it can get below -40°C. The summer average is about 20°C.

The region's annual temperature difference is the highest in Turkey.

Some areas in the region have different microclimates. As an example Iğdır (near Mount Ararat) has a milder climate.

The region contains 11% percent of the total forested area of Turkey. Oak and yellow pine trees form the majority of the forests. It is rich in native plants and animals.

The region has high potential for hydroelectric power.

Gallery

Endnotes

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.