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East Talpiot

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Title: East Talpiot  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Ring Neighborhoods, Jerusalem, Jabel Mukaber, Arnona, Sur Baher, Jerusalem
Collection: Israeli Settlements, Neighbourhoods of Jerusalem, Populated Places Established in 1973
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East Talpiot

Partial view of East Talpiot

East Talpiot or Armon HaNetziv is an Israeli neighbourhood in southern East Jerusalem,[1] established in 1973 on land captured during the Six-Day War. The international community considers Israeli neighborhoods in East Jerusalem to be illegal settlements,[2] but the Israeli government disputes this.[3] East Talpiot is one of Jerusalem's Ring Neighborhoods.

The neighborhood's municipal services are made available for residents of the nearby Arab villages including Jabel Mukaber and Sur Baher.[4]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Demography 2
  • Archeological findings 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5

History

Before the new housing projects built after 1967, the area was known as Armon HaNetziv (lit. The Governor's Palace) after the headquarters of the British High Commissioner located on the hilltop.[5][1] In 1928, Rachel Yanait Ben-Zvi, wife of Israel's second president Yitzhak Ben-Zvi, established an agricultural training farm for young women, the first of its kind in the country, in the area of East Talpiot. Both the farm and the Arab Girls College, another historical landmark, are earmarked for conservation.[6] The Lili and Elejandro Shaltiel Community Center was inaugurated in 1980.[7] Beit Canada, an absorption center for new immigrants, is located in East Talpiot.[8] Nearly all the streets of East Talpiot take their names from those of Jews convicted and hanged as terrorists by the British before 1948.[9]

Demography

In 2006, some 15,000 people were living in East Talpiot. Mainly populated by young couples when it was first established, the neighborhood is now aging. For the most part, East Talpiot is a secular neighborhood, although there are 15 synagogues including Kehilat Moreshet Avraham, which is affiliated with the Masorti (Conservative) movement.[10][11] Nir Barkat has called Armon HaNetziv an "up-and-coming neighborhood for young families".[4]

Archeological findings

An ancient tomb that some archeologists believe to be the tomb of Jesus and his family based on the names inscribed on the ossuaries was discovered in East Talpiot when a housing project was being built. An ancient aqueduct that brought water to the Temple Mount from springs located outside of Jerusalem was also discovered in East Talpiot. This waterworks, a highly sophisticated engineering feat, continued to function for more than two thousand years.[12]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^ a b
  5. ^ A palace befitting the ruler of the land - Haaretz - Israel News
  6. ^ sustainable Jerusalem
  7. ^ East Talpiot landmarks
  8. ^ Beit Canada Absorption Center
  9. ^ J.J. Goldberg, 'The Problem With Netanyahu's Response to Jewish Terror,' The Forward 4 August 2015.
    • There were 12 of them: nine members of the Irgun and three from the Stern Group, or Lehi. Two (Eliyahu Bet-Zuri and Eliyahu Hakim) were hanged for assassinating the British minister Lord Moyne in Cairo in 1945. One (Shlomo Ben-Yosef) unsuccessfully attacked an Arab civilian bus in the Galilee in 1938. Three (Avshalom Haviv, Meir Nakar, Yaakov Weiss) participated in the 1947 Acre prison break. The rest attacked British security personnel.
    • In addition to streets named for each individual, the neighborhood’s main drag bears the name by which they’re collectively remembered: Olei HaGardom, “those who ascended the gallows.” Dozens more cities around Israel have an Olei HaGardom Street. Many have streets named for the individual members, too.
    • Two other streets in East Talpiot are named for Shmuel Azar and Moshe Marzouk, Egyptian Jews hanged in Cairo in 1955 for bombing the American and British libraries. The operation, known as the Lavon Affair, was a bone-headed plot by Israeli military intelligence meant to sour Egypt’s ties with the West. Elsewhere in Israel are streets named for Hirsh Lekert, hanged in Vilna in 1902 for trying to assassinate the tsarist governor; Sholom Schwartzbard, who confessed to assassinating Ukrainian rebel leader Simon Petlura in Paris in 1926, but was acquitted by a French jury; and Herschel Grynszpan, who assassinated a Nazi diplomat in Paris in November 1938, touching off Kristallnacht."
  10. ^ http://www.talpaz.org.il Neighborhood website
  11. ^
  12. ^ From the East Talpiot Water Tunnel to Mamilla Pool

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