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Earth Day

Earth Day is an annual event, celebrated on April 22, on which day events worldwide are held to demonstrate support for environmental protection. It was first celebrated in 1970, and is now coordinated globally by the Earth Day Network,[1] and celebrated in more than 192 countries each year.[2]

In 1969 at a

  • Earth Day 2013 – The Face of Climate Change


  • Earth Day 2012 – Mobilize the Earth


  • A Billion Acts of Green (®) – A "people-powered campaign to generate a billion acts of environmental service and advocacy before Rio +20" (as well as a registered trademark).


  • Billion Acts of Green (Beta) – Official Earth Day Network's "Billion Acts of Green" website for students and young adults


Earth Day by year
  • Earth Society Foundation – Official organization arranging annual equinox Earth Day celebration at the United Nations
  • Who Started Earth Day – The Origins of the equinox Earth Day.
Equinoctial Earth Day
  • Milford Connecticut Earth Day - Doing our Share Together.
  • Earth Day Network – Coordinating worldwide events for Earth Day.
  • Earth Day Event Calendar at the EnviroLink Network
  • Celebrate Earth Day How to Celebrate Earth Day from WikiHow
  • Earth Day 2009 Special Coverage on China Development Gateway.
  • United States Earth Day – The U.S. government's Earth Day site.
  • Earth Day Canada – The Canadian Official Site for Earth Day
  • Earth Day at The Nature Conservancy
  • Earth Day at The History Channel
  • How the First Earth Day Came About by Senator Gaylord Nelson
  • EPA Journal: Earth Day – an entire journal dedicated to Earth Day, written in early 1990
  • Keep America Beautiful holds Earth Day cleanup activities in communities nationwide. The organization launched the famous Crying Indian campaign on Earth Day, 1971.
  • "Beyond Earth Day: Fulfilling the Promise," by Gaylord Nelson, with Susan Campbell and Paul Wozniak, The University of Wisconsin Press, 2002
  • Earth Week 1970 | The First Earth Day and the Earth Week Committee of Philadelphia – The history of the First Earth Day in 1970, the founding of Earth Week, and the historic events of the first Earth Week in Philadelphia
  • Gaylord Nelson and Earth Day: The Making of the Modern Environmental Movement narrative account of the origins of Earth Day, Nelson's political career, as well as online access to documents from the Wisconsin Historical Society's Nelson Papers collection
  • Gaylord Nelson letter outlines the origins Earth Day April 1971 to CBS President Stanton to correct TV news reporting about Earth Day's origins
  • Deepdale Outdoor & Wildlife Festival Annual Earth Day event on the North Norfolk Coast
  • Earth Day Carol a free educational resource available on their website and downloadable app
  • Earth Day event in Nicaragua 2013 Nicaragua celebrates Earth Day
Earth Day

External links

  1. ^ "Earth Day Network". Retrieved April 22, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Earth Day International". Archived from the original on March 15, 2010. Retrieved April 15, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Earth Day | Care2 Healthy Living". Retrieved April 24, 2013. 
  4. ^ "Staff — The Builtt Foundation". Retrieved April 22, 2011. 
  5. ^ "The Rumpus Interview With Earth Day Organizer Denis Hayes". The Retrieved April 22, 2011. 
  6. ^ Jack Lewis (November 1985). "The Birth of EPA".  
  7. ^ "About Earth Day Network". Archived from the original on April 23, 2007. Retrieved April 15, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Earth Day: The History of A Movement". Earth Day Network. Retrieved August 16, 2013. 
  9. ^ "The Spirit of the First Earth Day". U.S.Environmental Protection Agency. January–February 1990. Archived from the original on March 28, 2010. Retrieved April 22, 2010. 
  10. ^ "Earth Day co-founder killed, composted girlfriend". NBC News. April 2011. Retrieved April 22, 2013. 
  11. ^ a b c d "The Business of Earth Day". November 12, 1989. Retrieved April 22, 2012. 
  12. ^ a b c Ellensburg Daily Record – Google News Archive Search
  13. ^ Hurst, Jack (April 22, 1990). "Earth calling. . .Help! Cautious Nashville is starting to turn green".  
  14. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2008). Hot Country Songs 1944 to 2008. Record Research, Inc. p. 424.  
  15. ^ a b Gerth, Jeff (April 23, 2000). "Peaceful, Easy Feeling Imbues 30th Earth Day". The New York Times. Retrieved April 15, 2013. 
  17. ^ "Earth Day 2013 – The Paramount Issue of Overpopulation!, 2013". Retrieved April 22, 2013. 
  18. ^ a b Gaylord Nelson Papers, State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Box 231, Folder 43.
  19. ^ "Origin Story". This American Life. Episode 383. June 19, 2009. Retrieved April 15, 2013. 
  20. ^ "Statement by Paul Leventhal on the 25th Anniversary of the Nuclear Control Institute". June 21, 2006. Retrieved April 15, 2013. 
  21. ^ "Who invented Earth Day?". Retrieved March 4, 2014. 
  22. ^ Tait, Teresa (July 23, 1980), "A Little Litter is Too Much", Kingston This Week.
  23. ^ Wright, Sylvia (July 1980), "Canada's First Earth Day Scheduled for Sept. 11", The Kingston Whig Standard.
  24. ^ "EarthSite". "EarthSite". Retrieved April 22, 2010. 
  25. ^ "Earth Day 2004". Retrieved April 15, 2013. 
  26. ^ Margaret Mead, "Earth Day," EPA Journal, March 1978.
  27. ^ "Japanese Peace Bell". Retrieved April 22, 2013. 
  28. ^ "Earth Society Foundation". "Earth Society Foundation". Retrieved April 22, 2010. 
  29. ^ "Earth__Day/EarthDay2010". DorfWiki. Retrieved April 22, 2013. 
  30. ^ "Seeds of Change - Heiner Benking's Blog -". March 21, 2011. Retrieved April 22, 2013. 
  31. ^ "International Day of Peace, 21 September 2012". Retrieved April 15, 2013. 
  32. ^ "Bentley Historical Library Finding Aids". October 18, 1976. Retrieved April 22, 2011. 
  33. ^ "Historical Timeline – About UM SPH". Retrieved April 22, 2011. 
  34. ^ "Earth Day co-founder Morton S. Hilbert dies". January 5, 1999. Retrieved April 22, 2011. 
  35. ^ "A proposal reprinted across the country". Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies. April 18, 2010. Retrieved April 15, 2013. 
  36. ^ Gaylord Nelson; Susan Campbell; Paul R. Wozniak (October 4, 2002). Beyond Earth Day: fulfilling the promise. Univ of Wisconsin Press. p. 7.  
  37. ^ "A Memento Mori to the Earth".  
  38. ^ Finney, John W. (April 15, 1971). "Muski says FBI spied at rallies on '70 Earth Day".  
  39. ^ "Of Leo and Lenin: Happy Earth Day from the Religious Right". Church & State 53 (5): 20. May 2000. 
  40. ^ Marriott, Alexander (April 21, 2004). "This Earth Day Celebrate Vladimir Lenin's Birthday!". Capitalism Magazine. Retrieved April 22, 2007. 
  41. ^ Download Earth Anthem Earth Anthem Website, 27 April 2014
  42. ^ UNESCO finds Indian poet-diplomat's idea of an Earth Anthem inspiring Business Standard, 27 February 2014
  43. ^ Earth Anthem sung by Nepali Singer Shreya Sotang, ANI,4 June 2013
  44. ^ Indian Diplomat pens an anthem for Earth,The New Indian Express,5 June 2013
  45. ^ [5] CBSE Website 6 October 2013
  46. ^ RIS spread CBSE message to all World British Schools Online website, 22 April 2014
  47. ^ The Regent Digest Regent School Abuja website, page-2, 5 Jun, 2014
  48. ^ Euroschool Newsletter May/June EuroSchool Newsletter, May/June 2015
  49. ^ Loreto school celebrates Earth Day, 23 April 2015
  50. ^ Kick the Habit Assam Valley School website 7 jun, 2014
  51. ^ Habitat for Humanity International gets people to sing Earth Anthem ANI, 30 Aug, 2014
  52. ^ [6] U.S. Department of State Newsletter Vol.4, Issue 2, U.S.Consulate General, Chennai, Apr-Jun 2014
  53. ^ Hollywood director Jeffrey D. Brown lauds Indian poet's Abhay K's Earth Anthem The Times of India, 11 November 2014
  54. ^ Manisha, Drolma for Earth Anthem, The Kathmandu Post, 22 April 2014
  55. ^ Abhay K's multi language lyrics of 'Earth Anthem' extremely inspiring: Benegal ANI, 6 August 2014
  56. ^ William Wallace. "Earth Day Anthem". Retrieved April 21, 2014. 


See also

Joyful joyful we adore our Earth in all its wonderment
Simple gifts of nature that all join into a paradise
Now we must resolve to protect her
Show her our love throughout all time
With our gentle hand and touch
We make our home a newborn world
Now we must resolve to protect her
Show her our love throughout all time
With our gentle hand and touch
We make our home a newborn world[56]

The "Ode to Joy" melody by Beethoven, the official anthem of the European Union, also is performed on the Earth Day. Lyrics for the Earth Day Anthem set to "Ode to Joy" are as follows:

Earth Day Anthem (William Wallace)

Bollywood actress Manisha Koirala and singing nun Ani Choying Drolma have advocated an official Earth Anthem and appreciated the work being done by poet-diplomat Abhay K towards an official Earth Anthem.[54] Indian film-maker Shyam Benegal has called multi-language lyrics extremely inspiring.[55]

The US Consul General Jennifer McIntyre has called Kumar's Earth Anthem a significant contribution to Earth Day and truly an anthem for the Earth.[52] Academy Award winner Hollywood director Jeffrey D. Brown called it a joyous celebration of common humanity.[53]

There are many songs that are performed on Earth Day, that generally fall into two categories. Popular songs by contemporary artists not specific to Earth Day that are under copyright or new lyrics adapted to children's songs. Habitat For Humanity.[51]

Our cosmic oasis, cosmic blue pearl
the most beautiful planet in the universe
all the continents and the oceans of the world
united we stand as flora and fauna
united we stand as species of one earth
black, brown, white, different colours
we are humans, the earth is our home.

Our cosmic oasis, cosmic blue pearl
the most beautiful planet in the universe
all the people and the nations of the world
all for one and one for all
united we unfurl the blue marble flag
black, brown, white, different colours
we are humans, the earth is our home.

"Earth Anthem" by Abhay K
(Under CC by ND-NC)[41]

Earth Anthem (Abhay K)

Earth Day anthems

Unbeknownst to Nelson,[36] April 22, 1970, was coincidentally the 100th anniversary of the birth of Vladimir Lenin, when translated to the Gregorian calendar (which the Soviets adopted in 1918). Time reported that some suspected the date was not a coincidence, but a clue that the event was "a Communist trick", and quoted a member of the Daughters of the American Revolution as saying, "subversive elements plan to make American children live in an environment that is good for them."[37] J. Edgar Hoover, director of the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation, may have found the Lenin connection intriguing; it was alleged the FBI conducted surveillance at the 1970 demonstrations.[38] The idea that the date was chosen to celebrate Lenin's centenary still persists in some quarters,[39][40] an idea borne out by the similarity with the subbotnik instituted by Lenin in 1920 as days on which people would have to do community service, which typically consisted in removing rubbish from public property and collecting recyclable material. Subbotniks were also imposed on other countries within the compass of Soviet power, including Eastern Europe, and at the height of its power the Soviet Union established a nationwide subbotnik to be celebrated on Lenin's birthday, April 22, which had been proclaimed a national holiday celebrating communism by Nikita Khrushchev in 1955.

Global selfie - Earth Day, April 22, 2014.

Nelson chose the date in order to maximize participation on college campuses for what he conceived as an "environmental teach-in". He determined the week of April 19–25 was the best bet as it did not fall during exams or spring breaks.[35] Moreover, it did not conflict with religious holidays such as Easter or Passover, and was late enough in spring to have decent weather. More students were likely to be in class, and there would be less competition with other mid-week events—so he chose Wednesday, April 22. The day also fell after the anniversary of the birth of noted conservationist John Muir.

Significance of April 22

The 1960s had been a very dynamic period for ecology in the US. Pre-1960 grassroots activism against DDT in Nassau County, New York, had inspired Rachel Carson to write her bestseller, Silent Spring (1962).

Project Survival, an early environmentalism-awareness education event, was held at Northwestern University on January 23, 1970. This was the first of several events held at university campuses across the United States in the lead-up to the first Earth Day. Also, Ralph Nader began talking about the importance of ecology in 1970.

[34] In April 1970—along with a federal proclamation from U.S. Sen. Gaylord Nelson—the first Earth Day was held.[33] This was the beginning of Earth Day. For the next two years, Hilbert and students worked to plan the first Earth Day.[32] In 1968,

Growing eco-activism before Earth Day 1970

April 22 observances

Beside the Spring Equinox for the Northern Hemisphere, the observance of the Spring Equinox for the Southern Hemisphere is of equal importance ! It is a "new sign of hope" for Peace that the International Day of Peace[31] is celebrated on the Spring Equinox of the South! right along the original intentions of John McConnell, U-Thant, Muller, Mead,...

Earth Day ringing the peace bell is celebrated around the world in many towns, ringing the Peace Bell in Vienna,[29] Berlin, and elsewhere. A memorable event took place at the UN in Geneva, celebrating a Minute for Peace ringing the Japanese Shinagawa Peace Bell with the help of the Geneva Friendship Association and the Global Youth Foundation,[30] directly after in deep mourning about the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant catastrophe 10 days before.

[28] At the moment of the equinox, it is traditional to observe Earth Day by ringing the

"Earth Day is the first holy day which transcends all national borders, yet preserves all geographical integrities, spans mountains and oceans and time belts, and yet brings people all over the world into one resonating accord, is devoted to the preservation of the harmony in nature and yet draws upon the triumphs of technology, the measurement of time, and instantaneous communication through space.
Earth Day draws on astronomical phenomena in a new way – which is also the most ancient way – by using the vernal Equinox, the time when the Sun crosses the equator making the length of night and day equal in all parts of the Earth. To this point in the annual calendar, EARTH DAY attaches no local or divisive set of symbols, no statement of the truth or superiority of one way of life over another. But the selection of the March Equinox makes planetary observance of a shared event possible, and a flag which shows the Earth, as seen from space, appropriate."[26]

United Nations secretary-general Margaret Mead added her support for the equinox Earth Day, and in 1978 declared:

May there be only peaceful and cheerful Earth Days to come for our beautiful Spaceship Earth as it continues to spin and circle in frigid space with its warm and fragile cargo of animate life.[25]

John McConnell[24] first introduced the idea of a global holiday called "Earth Day" at the 1969 UNESCO Conference on the Environment. The first Earth Day proclamation was issued by San Francisco Mayor Joseph Alioto on March 21, 1970. Celebrations were held in various cities, such as San Francisco and in Davis, California with a multi-day street party. UN Secretary-General U Thant supported McConnell's global initiative to celebrate this annual event; and on February 26, 1971, he signed a proclamation to that effect, saying:

The equinoctial Earth Day is celebrated on the March equinox (around March 20) to mark the precise moment of astronomical spring in the Northern Hemisphere, and of astronomical autumn in the Southern Hemisphere. An equinox in astronomy is that point in time (not a whole day) when the Sun is directly above the Earth's equator, occurring around March 20 and September 23 each year. In most cultures, the equinoxes and solstices are considered to start or separate the seasons.

History of the Equinox Earth Day (March 20)

The Diversity Engagement and Inclusion Initiative helps the environmental sector to better communicate with, engage and activate Canada's diverse social and cultural communities. The Employee Engagement program works with employers to achieve business and sustainability goals through inclusion of best practices.

Recognition and Financial Support: Toyota Earth Day Scholarship Program recognizes tomorrow's environmental leaders providing twenty $5 000 scholarships to graduating high school students going on to post-secondary education in the discipline of their choice. The Hometown Heroes Award Program recognizes environmental leaders at the community level with an individual and a group award (each with a cash-prize of $10 000), and business leaders with a small business award. Earth Day Canada's Community Environment Fund funds sustainable community projects in Ontario providing grants of up to $20 000 to schools and not-for-profit organizations.

Action: EDC's challenges, contests and campaigns promote practical, culturally relevant and cost-effective solutions to help individual Canadians support a healthier environment. EDC also encourages action by supporting individuals and community groups in the organization and delivery of local Earth Day (April 22) events.

Education: EcoKids supports teachers and students, grades K-8, with free educational resources, curriculum-linked lesson plans including ESL and FSL, and homework help and games for students. EcoMentors offers youth the training and resources they need to facilitate local environmental education workshops with their peers and other young Canadians.

Earth Day Canada (EDC) is a national environmental charity founded in 1990 that provides Canadians with practical knowledge, tools, and simple easy-to-accomplish actions to support a healthier environment through EDC's year-round and award-winning programs.

Paul Tinari officially launching the first Canadian Earth Day on September 11, 1980 – waiting to speak are Flora MacDonald MP, secretary of state for external affairs, Ken Keyes, mayor of Kingston, and Dr. Ronald Watts, principal of Queen's University

The first Canadian Earth Day was held on Thursday, September 11, 1980, and was organized by Paul D. Tinari, then a graduate student in Engineering Physics/Solar Engineering at Queen's University. Flora MacDonald, then MP for Kingston and the Islands and Canadian Secretary of State for External Affairs, officially opened Earth Day Week on September 6, 1980 with a ceremonial tree planting and encouraged MPs and MPPs across the country to declare a cross-Canada annual Earth Day. The principal activities taking place on the first Earth Day included educational lectures given by experts in various environmental fields, garbage and litter pick-up by students along city roads and highways as well as tree plantings to replace the trees killed by Dutch Elm Disease.[22][23]

Earth Day Canada

According to Nelson, the moniker "Earth Day" was "an obvious and logical name" suggested by "a number of people" in the fall of 1969, including, he writes, both "a friend of mine who had been in the field of public relations" and "a New York advertising executive," [19][20] Other names circulated during preparations—Nelson himself continued to call it the National Environment Teach-In, but national coordinator Denis Hayes used the term Earth Day in his communications and press coverage of the event was "practically unanimous" in its use of "Earth Day," so the name stuck.[18] The introduction of the name "Earth Day" was also claimed by John McConnell (see "Equinox Earth Day," below).[21]

The Earth Day name

On 2012 Californians for Population Stabilization (CAPS) group brings back Earth Day to human overpopulation as the main concern.[16] Earth day founder Gaylord Nelson stated that he was disappointed in followers for neglecting overpopulation.[17]

Earth Day 2007 was one of the largest Earth Days to date, with many people participating in the activities in thousands of places including Kiev, Ukraine; Caracas, Venezuela; Tuvalu; Manila, Philippines; Togo; Madrid, Spain; London; and New York.

As the millennium approached, Hayes agreed to spearhead another campaign, this time focusing on global warming and pushing for clean energy. The April 22 Earth Day in 2000 combined the big-picture feistiness of the first Earth Day with the international grassroots activism of Earth Day 1990. For 2000, Earth Day had the internet to help link activists around the world. By the time April 22 came around, 5,000 environmental groups around the world were on board reaching out to hundreds of millions of people in a record 184 countries. Events varied: A talking drum chain traveled from village to village in Gabon, Africa, for example, while hundreds of thousands of people gathered on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., USA.

To turn Earth Day into a sustainable annual event rather than one that occurred every 10 years, Nelson and Bruce Anderson, New Hampshire's lead organizers in 1990, formed Earth Day USA. Building on the momentum created by thousands of community organizers around the world, Earth Day USA coordinated the next five Earth Day celebrations through 1995, including the launch of Following the 25th Anniversary in 1995, the coordination baton was handed to Earth Day Network.

Subsequent Earth Day events

and about 400,000 participants stood in the cold rain during the course of the day. [15] was the official host for the event,Leonardo DiCaprio [15] Earth Day 2000 combined the ambitious spirit of the first Earth Day with the international grassroots activism of Earth Day 1990. This was the first year that Earth Day used the

Earth Day 2000

Warner Bros. Records released an Earth Day-themed single in 1990 entitled "Tomorrow's World", written by Kix Brooks (who would later become one-half of Brooks & Dunn) and Pam Tillis.[13] The song featured vocals from Lynn Anderson, Butch Baker, Shane Barmby, Billy Hill, Suzy Bogguss, Kix Brooks, T. Graham Brown, The Burch Sisters, Holly Dunn, Foster & Lloyd, Vince Gill, William Lee Golden, Highway 101, Shelby Lynne, Johnny Rodriguez, Dan Seals, Les Taylor, Pam Tillis, Mac Wiseman, and Kevin Welch. It charted at number 74 on the Hot Country Songs chart dated May 5, 1990.[14]

The Earth Day 20 Foundation highlighted its April 22 activities in John Ratzenberger, from "Cheers", and the headlining musician was the "Father of Rock and Roll," Chuck Berry.[12]

Two separate groups formed to sponsor Earth Day events in 1990: The Earth Day 20 Foundation, assembled by National Toxics Campaign, a Boston-based coalition of 1,000 local groups concerned with industrial pollution. Earth Day 1990 employed strategies including focus group testing, direct mail fund raising, and email marketing.[11]

Mobilizing 200 million people in 141 countries and lifting the status of environmental issues onto the world stage, Earth Day activities in 1990 gave a huge boost to recycling efforts worldwide and helped pave the way for the 1992 United Nations Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro. Unlike the first Earth Day in 1970, this 20th Anniversary was waged with stronger marketing tools, greater access to television and radio, and multimillion-dollar budgets.[11]

Earth Day 1990

The event was hosted by environmentalist Hugh Scott; and poet, Allen Ginsberg. Photos, video, and other previously unpublished information are available to the public at

U.S. Senator Edmund Muskie speaking to an estimated 40–60,000 at Fairmount Park, Philadelphia on Earth Day, 1970


In addition to shutting down Fifth Avenue, Mayor John Lindsay made Central Park available for Earth Day. The crowd was estimated as more than one million—by far the largest in the nation. Since Manhattan was also the home of NBC, CBS, ABC, The New York Times, Time, and Newsweek, it provided the best possible anchor for national coverage from their reporters throughout the country.[9]

In the winter of 1969–1970, a group of students met at Columbia University to hear Denis Hayes talk about his plans for Earth Day. Among the group were Fred Kent, Pete Grannis, and Kristin and William Hubbard. This New York group agreed to head up the New York City part of the national movement. Fred Kent took the lead in renting an office and recruiting volunteers. "The big break came when Mayor Lindsay agreed to shut down Fifth Avenue for the event. A giant cheer went up in the office on that day," according to Kristin Hubbard (now Kristin Alexandre). 'From that time on we used Mayor Lindsay's offices and even his staff. I was Speaker Coordinator but had tremendous help from Lindsay staffer Judith Crichton."

New York City

The first Earth Day family had participants and celebrants in two thousand colleges and universities, roughly ten thousand primary and secondary schools, and hundreds of communities across the United States. More importantly, it "brought 20 million Americans out into the spring sunshine for peaceful demonstrations in favor of environmental reform."[6] It now is observed in 192 countries, and coordinated by the nonprofit Earth Day Network, chaired by the first Earth Day 1970 organizer Denis Hayes, according to whom Earth Day is now "the largest secular holiday in the world, celebrated by more than a billion people every year."[7] Environmental groups have sought to make Earth Day into a day of action which changes human behavior and provokes policy changes.[8]

Earth Day 1970


  • Earth Day 1970 1
    • New York City 1.1
    • Philadelphia 1.2
  • Earth Day 1990 2
  • Earth Day 2000 3
  • Subsequent Earth Day events 4
  • The Earth Day name 5
  • Earth Day Canada 6
  • History of the Equinox Earth Day (March 20) 7
  • April 22 observances 8
    • Growing eco-activism before Earth Day 1970 8.1
    • Significance of April 22 8.2
  • Earth Day anthems 9
    • Earth Anthem (Abhay K) 9.1
    • Earth Day Anthem (William Wallace) 9.2
  • See also 10
  • References 11
  • External links 12

, an entire week of activities focused on environmental issues. Earth Week Numerous communities celebrate [5][4]

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