World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Dummy (football)

Article Id: WHEBN0004428066
Reproduction Date:

Title: Dummy (football)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: George Best, Roberto Baggio, Penalty stroke, Dummy, Rugby league terminology
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Dummy (football)

A dummy or feint is an association football, rugby league, rugby union and Australian rules football term used to refer to a particular player deceiving the opposition into believing he is going to pass, shoot, move in a certain direction, or receive the ball and instead doing something entirely different, thus gaining an advantage.


  • Association football 1
  • Rugby league and rugby union 2
  • Australian Rules football 3
  • See also 4
  • Notes 5

Association football

In association football, a dummy (feint) is often used in offensive situations. Examples used in order to deceive an opponent into what direction you will move, include: the step over as used by Ronaldo, the flip flap used by Ronaldinho, Lionel Messi and Cristiano Ronaldo, the Marseille turn used by Zinedine Zidane, and the Cruyff Turn named after Johan Cruyff.[1][2][3]

The next most common instance is also an offensive situation, in which a player, in a reasonable shooting area, fakes a shot to trick a defender coming in for a tackle and have him flinch away. This allows the player to go around the defender and shoot from a closer distance. This dummy can also be used on a goalkeeper in a one-on-one situation: a notable example being The Goal of the Century scored by Diego Maradona where, having ran half the length of the field past several outfield players, he faced goalkeeper Peter Shilton and left him on his backside with a feint, before slotting the ball into the net.[4]

There is another situation that is used often enough that "dummy" becomes a verb. In this scenario, a player goes toward the path of passing ball, pretends to trap it, lets it goes through the legs. This is to allow his team mate -- who is also goes toward the passing ball but further down -- can retrieve it. After letting the ball going through the legs, another scenario is that the player himself can run after the ball. This is very effective if the trapping is convincing because stop/start on the defending player is always slower than the player with momentum.

Rugby league and rugby union

In rugby league football and rugby union, a dummy has a similar meaning, but is generally confined to a player leading their opposing players into believing that they are about to pass or kick the ball, but instead retaining and running with the ball. This has the effect of drawing defending players to the apparent recipient of the 'dummy pass' or likely target area of the 'dummy kick'. One of the first rugby players to be credited in using the dummy, or at least bringing the technique to New Zealand was Tommy Haslam. Haslam played for Batley before the rugby schism and was a member of the 1888 British Isles tour of New Zealand and Australia.[5]

Australian Rules football

In Australian rules football the term 'dummy' again has a similar meaning to other football codes. A dummy is used to evade a tackler by feigning a hand pass or foot pass to a teammate and then changing direction suddenly to escape the opponent who has been fooled by the move.

See also


  1. ^ "Ronaldo was simply a phenomenon". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved June 2, 2014
  2. ^ "World Cup: 25 stunning moments … No25: the Cruyff Turn is born in 1974". The Guardian. Retrieved June 11, 2014
  3. ^ David Goldblatt (2009). "The Football Book". p. 129. D Kindersley Ltd
  4. ^ "Top 10 World Cup goals". The Telegraph. Retrieved August 19, 2014
  5. ^ Griffiths, John (1990). British Lions. Swindon: Crowood Press. p. 14.  
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.