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Dubăsari District

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Dubăsari District

Dubăsari
District (Raion)
Flag of Dubăsari
Flag
Coat of arms of Dubăsari
Coat of arms
Location of Dubăsari
Country  Republic of Moldova
Administrative center
(Oraş-reşedinţă)

Cocieri
Government
 • Raion President Grigore Policinschi
Area
 • Total 309 km2 (119 sq mi)
Population (2012)
 • Total 35,200
 • Density 113.9/km2 (295/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 248
Area code(s) +373 45
Car plates DB
Website http://www.dubasari.md

Dubăsari district is a district in the east of Moldova, with the administrative center at Cocieri. As of January 1, 2011, its population was 35,200. This does not include the 715 people that live in the village of Roghi, which is controlled by the breakaway Tiraspol authorities. Dubăsari means ferry-arks (see coat of arms).

History

The territory which today is part of Dubăsari district has been inhabited since the Stone Age (50–30000 years BC). Location of the earliest documentary attestation of the district is Corjova, first attested in 1362. Other town with old certificate is Holercani village certified in 1464. This region is part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania during 1386-1434. In 1393-1812 the part of district, situated on the right, of the Nistru is part of the Principality of Moldova. In this period to develop the economy (trade, agriculture), as population increases. In 1790, the part of district, situated on the left of Nistru is occupied by the Russian Empire had the same fate of Basarabia in 1812. In 1918, after the collapse of the Russian Empire, Basarabia united with Romania, but the part of district on the left of Nistru, is part of the Moldavian ASSR, part of Ukrainian SSR. In 1940 after the Molotov-Ribbentrop Treaty, Basarabia is occupied by the USSR. In 1991 as a result of the proclamation of Independence of Moldova, district is part of Moldova. In 1992, the district is the focus, the Moldovan-Russian War of Transnistria. Following the war, the district is divided into two: one controlled by the Republic of Moldova and the separatist-controlled part of the authorities in Tiraspol, which includes Dubăsari. District is part of the Chişinău County (1991-2003), and in 2003 became administrative unit of Moldova.

Geography

Dubasari district is located in the central part of Moldova. It has proximity to: Orhei District in north west, south-west Criuleni District, Dubăsari District (separatist territory) in the east. The landscape is predominantly plain (Nistru Middle Plain), but is in the northern part of district high altitude over 200 m, Nistru Plateau. Erosion processes with a low intensity. For the district are characteristic of soil types: chernozem (80%), brown soil, gray soil and alluvial.

Climate

The climate is of a transition from maritime climate of Western Europe, to temperate-continental Europe's east. Summer is warm and long, with average temperature of 22 °C in July and the winter is mild with average January temperature -5 °C. Rainfall ranges from 550–650 mm. For 10 years, three are dry.

Fauna

Fauna typical of central Europe: foxes, hedgehogs, wild boar, deer, wild cat, otter, mink, raccoon dog and others. Of birds: wild duck, egrets, crow, quail, starlings, swallow and more.

Flora

Forests occupy 7.5% of the part of district are complemented by oak, hornbeam, linden, ash, maple and others. Plant: denial, fescue, mugwort, bell, lentils and more.

Rivers

Dubasari district is located in the Nistru river basin. Nistru crosses district from north to south. In 1954 following the construction of Dubăsari hydroelectric power plant, was formed Dubăsari Reservoir, with an area of 68 km² and a length of 128 km.

Administrative subdivisions

Dubasari district administrative map (green: pretend (real control only a western part of the declared territory) Republic of Moldova, violet: territory controlled by separatists)

There are a total of 15 localities, which: 11 communes (containing further 4 villages within).

Cocieri (pop. 4,336)
Vasilievca
Corjova (pop. 3,231)
Mahala
Coşniţa (pop. 5,699)
Pohrebea    
Doroţcaia (pop. 3,206)    
Holercani (pop. 2,522)
Marcăuţi (pop. 730)
Molovata (pop. 2,936)
Molovata Nouă (pop. 1,851 w/o Roghi)     
Roghi (pop. 715)
Oxentea (pop. 2,794)    
Pîrîta (pop. 3,415)
Ustia (pop. 3,295)
    

Holercani, Marcăuţi, Molovata, Oxentea, and Ustia are situated on the western (right) bank of the river Nistru, while the other 10 villages on the eastern bank. Six of the latter (Cocieri, Vasilievca, Corjova, Mahala, Molovata Nouă, and Roghi) are situated north of the city of Dubăsari, itself under the control of the separatist authorities of Transnistria, and the remaining four south of the city. The village of Vasilievca, as well as considerable parts of the farmland of the villages of Cocieri, Roghi, and Doroţcaia are situated east of the TiraspolDubăsariRâbniţa road.

An alternative view

Dubossary district, Moldova (current version), Dubossary district, Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (current version) are the real situation in the area of Dubossary.

City district Corgevo Dubossary(current version), City district Magala Dubossary (current version), country side Rogi (current version) are a real detailed geography, administrative structure, economic (including the free economic zone "Korzhevo") and social sphere on the part of the Dubasari district, which from the words of Propaganda Moldova, allegedly under the control of its administration, but in real life, since 1990 are administered by Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic.

More favorable terms, then life in Republic of Moldova, are created by the administration of Pridnestrovian Moldovian Republic in years of the independence from Republic of Moldova (1990-2015).

Demographics

  • Births (2010): 415 (11.8 per 1000)
  • Deaths (2010): 426 (12.1 per 1000)
  • Growth rate (2010): -11 (-0.3 per 1000)

Ethnic groups

Ethnic group Population % of total*
Moldovans (Romanians) 32,754 96.29%
Russians 611 1.80%
Ukrainians 521 1.53%
Gagauzians 45 0.13%
Bulgarians 16 0.05%
Others
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