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Districts of Kerala

 

Districts of Kerala

The Indian state of Kerala borders with the states of Tamil Nadu on the south and east, Karnataka on the north and the Arabian Sea coastline on the west. The Western Ghats, bordering the eastern boundary of the State, form an almost continuous mountain wall, except near Palakkad where there is a natural mountain pass known as the Palakkad Gap.[1] When the independent India amalgamated small states together Travancore and Cochin states were integrated to form Travancore-Cochin state on 1 July 1949. However, Malabar remained under the Madras province. The States Reorganisation Act of 1 November 1956 elevated Kerala to statehood.[2]

The state of Kerala is divided into 14 revenue districts. On the basis of geographical, historical and cultural similarities, the districts are generally grouped into three parts. The Malabar, North Kerala districts of Kasaragod, Kannur, Wayanad, Kozhikode, Palakkad and Malappuram; the Kochi region, Central Kerala districts of Thrissur, and Eranakulam; and Travancore, South Kerala districts of Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Alappuzha, Pathanamthitta, Kottayam, and Idukki.[3] Such a regional division occurred being part of historical Kingdoms of Kochi, Travancore and British Province of Malabar. The Travancore region is again divided into 3 zones as Northern Travancore (Hill Range) (Idukki and parts of Ernakulam), Central Travancore (Central Range) (Pathanamthitta, Alappuzha and Kottayam) and Southern Travancore (South Range) (Thiruvananthapuram and Kollam). Almost all of the districts in Kerala have the same name as the important town or city in the district, the exception being Idukki district, Wayanad district& Ernakulam district. The 14 districts are further divided into 62 taluks, 999 revenue villages and 1007 Gram panchayats. Some of the districts and their towns were renamed in 1990 like Thiruvananthapuram (formerly known as Trivandrum), Kollam (Quilon), Alappuzha (Alleppey),[4][5] Thrissur (Trichur or Thirushivaperur), Palakkad (Palghat), Kozhikode (Calicut) and Kannur (Cannanore).

Administrative structure

Kerala State has been divided into 14 districts, 21 revenue divisions, 14 District Panchayats, 75 taluks, 152 CD blocks, 1453 revenue villages, 978 Gram panchayats, 5 corporations, 60 municipalities and 1 Township.[6]

A district is governed by a District Collector, who is an officer from Indian Administrative Service (IAS) of Kerala cadre and is appointed by the State Government of Kerala. Functionally the district administration is carried on through the various Departments of the State Government each of which has an office of its own the district level. The District Collector is the executive leader of the district administration and the District Officers of the various Departments in the district render technical advice to him in the discharge of his duties. The District Collector is a key functionary of Government having large powers and responsibilities. He has a dual role to both as the agent of the Government of the state and also as the representative of the people in the district. He is also responsible for the maintenance of the law and order of the district.[7]

Other than urban units such as town municipalities and rural units called Gram panchayats, other government administrative subdivisions includes taluks and 'community development blocks' (also known as CD blocks or blocks). A taluk consists of urban units such as census towns and rural units called gram panchayats. The Tahsildar in charge of each taluk is primarily the Revenue Official responsible for the collection of revenue of the taluk, but he is also expected to be in direct contact with the people at all levels and to have first hand knowledge of the conditions of every village under his jurisdiction. The Tahsildar is assisted in each village by village officers and village assistants.[8] A block also consists of such as census towns and Gram panchayats. A block is administered by a Block Development Officer (BDO), who is appointed by the Government of Kerala. A gram panchayat, which consists of a group of villages, is administered by a village council headed by a Gram Panchayat President.

A District Superintendent of Police, better known as a Superintendent of Police, heads the District Police organization of Kerala Police. This is as per the Police Act of 1861, which is applicable to the whole of India.[9] The Superintendents of Police are officers of the Indian Police Service.[10] For every subdivision, there is a Subdivision Police, headed by a Police officer of the rank of Assistant Superintendent of Police or Deputy Superintendent of Police.[11] Under subdivisions, there are Police Circles, each headed by an Inspector of Police.[11] A Police Circle consists of Police Stations, each headed by an Inspector of Police, or in case of rural areas, by a Sub-Inspector of Police.[11]

The Kerala High Court has the jurisdiction of the state of Kerala. Each of the districts has a District Court.

History

Alleppey district was carved out of erstwhile Kottayam and Kollam (Quilon) districts on 17 August 1957. The name of the district Alleppey was changed as ‘Alappuzha’ in 1990.[4] In 1982, Pathanamthitta district was newly constituted taking portions from the then Alappuzha, Kollam and Idukki districts. The areas transferred from the erstwhile Alappuzha district to Pathanamthitta district are Thiruvalla taluk as a whole and part of Chengannur and Mavelikkara Taluks.[4]

Alphabetical listing

Code[12] District Headquarters[13] Established[14] Subdivisions Population [13] Area (2001)[13] Population Density (2011)
AL Alappuzha Alappuzha 7 Aug 1957[4] 2,121,943 1,414 km2 (546 sq mi) 1,489 /km2 (3,860 /sq mi)
ER Ernakulam Kakkanad 1 Apr 1958[15] 3,279,860 2,951 km2 (1,139 sq mi) 1,050 /km2 (2,700 /sq mi)
ID Idukki Painavu 26 Jan 1972[17][18] 1,107,453 4,479 km2 (1,729 sq mi) 252 /km2 (650 /sq mi)
KN Kannur Kannur 1 Jan 1957[19] 2,525,637 2,966 km2 (1,145 sq mi) 813 /km2 (2,110 /sq mi)
KS Kasaragod Kasaragod 24 May 1984[20][21] 1,302,600 1,992 km2 (769 sq mi) 604 /km2 (1,560 /sq mi)
KL Kollam Kollam 1 Nov 1956[23]
( )[24]
2,629,703 2,498 km2 (964 sq mi) 1,034 /km2 (2,680 /sq mi)
KT Kottayam Kottayam 1 Nov 1956[25]
( )[24]
1,979,384 2,203 km2 (851 sq mi) 886 /km2 (2,290 /sq mi)
KZ Kozhikode Kozhikode 1 Jan 1957[27] 3,089,543 2,345 km2 (905 sq mi) 1,228 /km2 (3,180 /sq mi)
MA Malappuram Malappuram 16 Jun 1969[29] 4,110,956 3,550 km2 (1,370 sq mi) 1,022 /km2 (2,650 /sq mi)
PL Palakkad Palakkad 1 Jan 1957[30] 2,810,892 4,480 km2 (1,730 sq mi) 584 /km2 (1,510 /sq mi)
PT Pathanamthitta Pathanamthitta 1 Nov 1982[32][33] 1,195,537 2,462 km2 (951 sq mi) 500 /km2 (1,300 /sq mi)
TV Thiruvananthapuram Thiruvananthapuram 1 Nov 1956[24][35] 3,307,284 2,192 km2 (846 sq mi) 1,476 /km2 (3,820 /sq mi)
TS Thrissur Thrissur 1 Nov 1956[36]
(1 Jul 1949)[24]
3,110,327 3,032 km2 (1,171 sq mi) 981 /km2 (2,540 /sq mi)
WA Wayanad Kalpetta 1 Nov 1980[37] 816,558 2,131 km2 (823 sq mi) 369 /km2 (960 /sq mi)
Total  —  —  —  — 33,387,677 38,863 km2 (15,005 sq mi) 819.32 /km2 (2,122.0 /sq mi)

==

See also

References

External links

  • Official website of Government of Kerala
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