World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Din-i Ilahi

Article Id: WHEBN0001476496
Reproduction Date:

Title: Din-i Ilahi  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Syncretism, Universalism, Religious pluralism, Akbar, History of medieval India
Collection: Akbar, History of Medieval India, History of Pakistan, Mughal Empire, Religious Pluralism, Syncretism, Universalism
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Din-i Ilahi

Abu'l-Fazl one of the disciples of Din-i-Ilahi presenting Akbarnama to Akbar, Mughal miniature

The Dīn-i Ilāhī (Persian: دین الهی‎‎ lit. "Religion of God")[1][2] was a syncretic religion propounded by the Mughal emperor Akbar the Great in 1582 AD, intending to merge the best elements of the religions of his empire, and thereby reconcile the differences that divided his subjects.[2] The elements were primarily drawn from Islam and Hinduism, but some others were also taken from Christianity, Jainism and Zoroastrianism.

Akbar promoted tolerance of other faiths. In fact, not only did he tolerate them, he encouraged debate on philosophical and religious issues. This led to the creation of the Ibādat Khāna ("House of Worship") at Fatehpur Sikri in 1575. He had already repealed the jizya (tax on non-Muslims) in 1568. A religious experience while hunting in 1578 further increased his interest in the religious traditions of his empire.[3]

From the discussions he led at the Ibādat Khāna, Akbar concluded that no single religion could claim the monopoly of truth. This inspired him to create the Dīn-i Ilāhī in 1582. Various pious Muslims, among them the Qadi of Bengal and the seminal Sufi personality Shaykh Ahmad Sirhindi, responded by declaring this to be blasphemy to Islam.

Dīn-i Ilāhī appears to have survived Akbar according to the Dabestān-e Mazāheb of Mubad Shah (Mohsin Fani). However, the movement never numbered more than 19 adherents.[4]

Din-i-Ilahi prohibits lust, sensuality, slander and pride, considering them sins. Piety, prudence, abstinence and kindness are the core virtues. The soul is encouraged to purify itself through yearning of God.[2] Celibacy is respected and the slaughter of animals is forbidden. There are neither sacred scriptures nor a priestly hierarchy in this religion.[5] He increased the marriage minimum age for boys to 16 and girls to 14.

Disciples

The initiated disciples of Din-i-ilahi during emperor Akbar the Great's time included (p. 186):[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ Din-i Ilahi - Britannica Online Encyclopedia
  2. ^ a b c d Roy Choudhury, Makhan Lal (1997) [1941], The Din-i-Ilahi, or, The religion of Akbar (3rd ed.), New Delhi: Oriental Reprint (published 1985, 1997),  
  3. ^ Schimmel,Annemarie (2006) The Empire of the Great Mughals: History, Art and Culture, Reaktion Books, ISBN 1-86189-251-9
  4. ^ Din-i Ilahi - Britannica Online Encyclopedia
  5. ^ Children's Knowledge Bank, Dr. Sunita Gupta, 2004
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.