World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Demographics of Ivory Coast

Article Id: WHEBN0000005566
Reproduction Date:

Title: Demographics of Ivory Coast  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Ivory Coast, Demographics of Africa, Economy of Ivory Coast, Women in Ivory Coast, Demographics of Mauritania
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Demographics of Ivory Coast

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Ivory Coast, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Population

Demographics of Ivory Coast, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.

According to the 2010 revison of the World Population Prospects the total population was 19 738 000 in 2010, compared to only 2 630 000 in 1950. The proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2010 was 40.9%, 55.3% was between 15 and 65 years of age, while 3.8% was 65 years or older

.[1]
Total population (x 1000) Population aged 0–14 (%) Population aged 15–64 (%) Population aged 65+ (%)
1950 2 630 43.1 54.6 2.3
1955 3 072 43.0 54.6 2.4
1960 3 638 43.8 53.8 2.4
1965 4 424 44.6 52.9 2.4
1970 5 416 45.0 52.6 2.4
1975 6 768 45.4 52.2 2.4
1980 8 501 45.9 51.7 2.5
1985 10 495 45.9 51.5 2.5
1990 12 518 45.1 52.2 2.6
1995 14 677 43.2 54.0 2.8
2000 16 582 41.8 55.1 3.1
2005 18 021 41.8 54.8 3.5
2010 19 738 40.9 55.3 3.8
Structure of the population (DHS 2011-2012) (Males 23 630, Females 25 193 = 48 823) :
Age Group Male (%) Female (%) Total (%)
0-4 16,0 16,0 16,0
5-9 15,3 14,8 15,1
10-14 13,2 13,0 13,1
15-19 8,9 9,1 9,0
20-24 8,4 8,7 8,5
25-29 7,5 8,6 8,0
30-34 6,9 7,0 7,0
35-39 5,3 5,1 5,2
40-44 4,6 3,8 4,2
45-49 3,3 2,9 3,1
50-54 2,9 3,7 3,3
55-59 2,0 2,3 2,2
60-64 2,3 1,8 2,1
65-69 1,3 1,2 1,3
70-74 1,0 1,0 1,0
75-79 0,5 0,4 0,5
80+ 0,6 0,6 0,6
Age group Male (%) Female (%) Total (%)
0-14 44,5 43,8 44,2
15-64 52,1 53,0 52,4
65+ 3,4 3,2 3,4

Vital statistics

Registration of vital events is in Ivory Coast not complete. The Population Departement of the United Nations prepared the following estimates.

[1]
Period Live births per year Deaths per year Natural change per year CBR* CDR* NC* TFR* IMR*
1950-1955 145 000 70 000 74 000 50.8 24.6 26.1 6.77 167
1955-1960 174 000 81 000 93 000 51.9 24.1 27.8 7.15 160
1960-1965 211 000 94 000 117 000 52.3 23.3 29.0 7.53 155
1965-1970 258 000 109 000 149 000 52.4 22.2 30.2 7.83 147
1970-1975 317 000 116 000 200 000 52.0 19.1 32.9 7.93 127
1975-1980 386 000 123 000 263 000 50.5 16.1 34.4 7.81 109
1980-1985 446 000 133 000 313 000 46.9 14.0 32.9 7.31 96
1985-1990 494 000 154 000 340 000 42.9 13.4 29.5 6.61 93
1990-1995 542 000 186 000 357 000 39.9 13.6 26.2 5.92 95
1995-2000 587 000 224 000 363 000 37.6 14.3 23.2 5.31 92
2000-2005 639 000 249 000 390 000 36.9 14.4 22.5 5.05 85
2005-2010 660 000 245 000 415 000 35.0 13.0 22.0 4.65 77
* CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman)

Fertility and Births

Total Fertility Rate (TFR) (Wanted Fertility Rate) and Crude Birth Rate (CBR):[2]

Year CBR (Total) TFR (Total) CBR (Urban) TFR (Urban) CBR (Rural) TFR (Rural)
1994 41,3 5,7 (4,7) 38,8 4,7 (3,7) 42,5 6,4 (5,4)
1998-99 39,3 5,2 (4,5) 36,5 4,0 (3,4) 40,7 6,0 (5,2)
2005 38,4 4,6 35,1 3,6 40,8 5,5
2011-12 36,8 5,0 (4,1) 31,9 3,7 (3,2) 40,3 6,3 (5,0)

Ethnic groups

Ethnic groups

Akan 42.1%, Voltaiques or Gur 17.6%, Northern Mandes 16.5%, Krous 11%, Southern Mandes 10%, other 2.8% (includes 30,000 Lebanese and 45,000 French) (2004)

Ivory Coast has more than 60 ethnic groups, usually classified into five principal divisions: Akan (east and center, including Lagoon peoples of the southeast), Krou (southwest), Southern Mandé (west), Northern Mandé (northwest), Sénoufo/Lobi (north center and northeast). The Baoulés, in the Akan division, probably comprise the largest single subgroup with 15%-20% of the population. They are based in the central region around Bouaké and Yamoussoukro. The Bétés in the Krou division, the Sénoufos in the north, and the Malinkés in the northwest and the cities are the next largest groups, with 10%-15% of the national population. Most of the principal divisions have a significant presence in neighboring countries.

Of the more than 5 million non-Ivorian Africans living in Ivory Coast, one-third to one-half are from Burkina Faso; the rest are from Ghana, Guinea, Mali, Nigeria, Benin, Sénégal, Liberia, and Mauritania. The non-African expatriate community includes roughly 50,000 French (this number may be inaccurate due to the evacuation of roughly 8,000 Frenchmen in November 2004) and possibly 40,000 Lebanese. The number of elementary school-aged children attending classes increased from 22% in 1960 to 67% in 1995.

Languages

French (official), 60 indigenous languages, of which the Dioula dialect of Bambara is the most widely spoken. Other languages include: the Gur languages, the Senufo languages, the Kru languages (including the Bété languages, Dida, Nyabwa, , and Western Krahn), and the Kwa languages from which Baoulé and Anyin are notably used.

Religion

Muslim 38.6%, Christian 32.8%, indigenous 11.9%, none 16.7% (2008 est.)

note: the majority of foreigners (migratory workers) are Muslim (70%) and Christian (20%)[3]

Ivorian diaspora

The table below shows the number of people born in Ivory Coast who have migrated to OECD countries only (the table only includes communities consisting of at least 1,000 members).[4]
Country Ivorian-born population See also
France 457,231
United States 7,595
Italy 7,242
United Kingdom 2,794 Ivorians in the United Kingdom
Canada 1,865
Belgium 1,363
Switzerland 1,100

CIA World Factbook demographic statistics

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.

Population

21,058,798 (2010 est.)
Note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2010 est.)

Median age

Total 19.6
Male 19.7
Female 19.5 (2011 est.)

Sex ratio

At birth 1.03 male(s)/female
Under 15 years 1.02 male(s)/female
15-64 years 1.04 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.99 male(s)/female
Total population 1.03 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total 58.01
Male 56.21 years
Female 58.33 years (2012 est.)

HIV/AIDS

Adult prevalence rate 3.4% (2009 est.)
People living with HIV/AIDS 450,000 (2009 est.)
Deaths 36,000 (2009 est.)

Major infectious diseases

Degree of risk very high
Food or Waterborne diseases bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Water contact schistosomiasis
Animal contact disease rabies

Note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)

Nationality

Noun and adjective: Ivorian (Ivoirian)

Ethnic Groups

Akan 42.1%
Voltaiques or Gur 17.6%
Northern Mandes 16.5%
Krous 11% Southern Mandes 10%
other 2.8% (includes 130,000 Lebanese and 14,000 French) (1998)

Literacy

Here literacy is defined as the ratio of people over age 15 who can read and write.

Total population 56.2%
Male 65.2%
Female 46.6% (2010 est.)

School Life Expectancy (Primary to Tertriary Education)

Total 6 Years
Male 8 Years
Female 5 Years (2000)

References

 This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook document "2006 edition".

  1. ^ a b Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision
  2. ^ http://microdata.worldbank.org/catalog/dhs#_r=&collection=&country=&dtype=&from=1890&page=4&ps=&sk=&sort_by=nation&sort_order=&to=2014&topic=&view=s&vk=
  3. ^
  4. ^
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.