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Cundinamarca Department

Flag of Cundinamarca
Coat of arms of Cundinamarca
Coat of arms
Motto: Cundinamarca Corazón de Colombia
(Spanish: Cundinamarca, Heart of Colombia)
Anthem: Himno de Cundinamarca
Cundinamarca and Bogotá are shown in red
Cundinamarca and Bogotá are shown in red
Country  Colombia
Region Andean Region
Established June 15, 1857
Capital Bogotá
 • Governor Álvaro Cruz Vargas (Alliance between Social Party of National Unity, Radical Change, Colombian Conservative Party and Colombian Liberal Party)
 • Total 24,210 km2 (9,350 sq mi)
Area rank 17th
Population (2013)[3]
 • Total 2,680,041
 • Rank 4th
 • Density 110/km2 (290/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-05
ISO 3166 code CO-CUN
Provinces 15

Department of Cundinamarca (Departamento de Cundinamarca, Spanish pronunciation: ) is one of the departments of Colombia. Its area covers 24,210 km2 and it has a population of 2,598,245 as of 2013. It was created on August 5, 1886 under the constitutional terms presented on the same year. Cundinamarca is located in the center of Colombia and its capital is Bogotá.


  • Origin of the name 1
  • Geography 2
  • Demography and ethnography 3
    • Municipalities with over 50.000 inhabitants 3.1
      • Municipal population position 3.1.1
      • Important cities 3.1.2
  • Provinces 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Origin of the name

The name of Cundinamarca comes from kundur marqa, an indigenous expression, probably derived from Chibcha. Meaning "condor's nest", it was used in pre-Columbian times by the natives of the Magdalena Valley to refer to the nearby highlands.


Most of Cundinamarca is on the Eastern Cordillera (Cordillera Oriental), just south of Boyacá, bordered by the Magdalena River on the west, reaching down into the Orinoco River basin on the east, and bordering on Tolima to the south. The capital district of Bogotá is nearly completely surrounded by Cundinamarca territory and was formed by carving up Cundinamarca; between this and other divisions, the present department of Cundinamarca is much smaller than the original state.

Cundinamarca's capital city is Bogotá, the capital of Colombia. This is a special case among Colombian departments, since Bogotá is not legally a part of Cundinamarca, yet it is the only department that has its capital designated by the Constitution (if the capital was to be ever moved, it would take a constitutional reform to do so, instead of a simple ordinance passed by the Cundinamarca Assembly). In censuses, the populations for Bogotá and Cundinamarca are tabulated separately; otherwise, Cundinamarca's population would total 9.5 million.

Entity Population Area (km²) Density
Cundinamarca (No Bogotá) 2,349,578 22,623 104
Bogotá 7,881,156 1,587 4,485
Cundinamarca and Bogotá 10,230,734 24,210 391

Demography and ethnography

Municipalities with over 50.000 inhabitants

Municipal population position

Rank City or Municipality Inhabitants


1 Bogotá, D.C. 4,225,649 5,413,484 6,840,116 7,878,783 8,380,801
1 Soacha 132,758 254,625 401,996 511,262 567,546
2 Fusagasugá 63,886 82,003 108,949 134,523 147,631
3 Facatativá 55,324 75,711 107,463 132,106 144,149
4 Zipaquirá 60,202 75,166 101,562 122,347 132,419
5 Chía 38,862 55,742 97,907 126,647 141,917
6 Girardot 81,019 90,904 97,889 105,085 107,796
7 Mosquera 16,505 22,250 63,237 82,750 93,461
8 Madrid 33,795 42,584 62,436 77,627 85,090
9 Funza 31,366 41,119 61,391 75,350 82,321
10 Cajicá 23,618 31,316 45,391 56,875 62,713
Source: DANE *projection[4]

According to the latest census conducted in 2005, 2,280,037 people live in Cundinamarca, excluding 6,776,009 of the capital, Bogotá. The racial makeup is:

  • Whites and mestizos (96.28%): Mestizos are mixed European-Amerindian blood. The Bogotá metropolitan area has a history of European (not limited to Spanish) and other Latin American immigration.
  • Blacks or Afro-Colombians (3.33-3.37%)
  • Indigenous/Amerindians (0.31-0.34%): Very low percentage.
  • Roma (Gitanos or Gypsies) (0.01%).
  • East Asians (0.01%), often of Chinese descent. About 25,000 Chinese-Colombians live in the department.

The city of Bogotá and the municipalities of Soacha, La Calera, Cota, Chia, Madrid, Funza, Mosquera, Fusagasugá, Facatativá and Zipaquirá form a single metropolitan area. It is the most populous department with 8 million inhabitants and average density of 7,400 inhabitants per km², one of the highest in the world.

Important cities

Cundinamarca is made up of 116 municipalities, seven of which recorded a population of over 100,000 and could be considered as cities: Bogotá, Soacha, Fusagasugá, Girardot, Facatativá, Zipaquirá and Chia, while Bogota District is in the category of capital.

Chisaca Lake at Sumapaz Paramo
  • Bogotá is the largest city, populated and cosmopolitan of Cundinamarca and Colombia. Its economy is polisectorial; it is the cultural, commercial, institutional and administrative Colombia's largest and one of the largest in Latin America. The Capital District is divided into 20 localities and population for 2005 was 6,776,009 inhabitants according to the DANE. The city has a metropolitan area that, among others, includes the municipalities of Soacha, Facatativá Chia and reaching a population of 7,881,156 people.
  • Girardot: In the far southwest and bordering Department of Tolima, is the capital of the Province of Alto Magdalena. Its main economic activity is centered in the trade as a result of a major tourist dynamics and its proximity to major agricultural areas of Tolima, it has a college and important trade fairs and events.
  • Fusagasugá is in the Bogota-Girardot is an hour of each city. Capital of the Province of Sumapaz. It is an important focus of agricultural marketing and regional services, standing as a city educator and a great university, with an increasing population trend. Its economy is mainly focused on trade and agricultural marketing, with a significant production of ornamental plants and flowers for export, so it is known as the garden city of Colombia.
  • Zipaquirá: Despite being part of the metropolitan area of Bogotá has managed to position itself as one of the most important centers of Colombia saline. Its economy is focused on commerce and services.
  • Bogota Metropolitan Area: Comprises the towns of Soacha, Facatativá, Chia, Madrid, Funza, and Mosquera, among others. Its activities are centered in the industrial sector. Estate activity is important especially in the suburbs closer to Bogota: Chia, La Calera and Tocancipá.

Other major towns are Ubaté due to high livestock and dairy production. Guaduas, is an important cultural center. Chocontá and Fred are agricultural centers.


Cundinamarca has 15 provinces and the Capital District (Bogotá), which simultaneously acts as capital of the Republic, capital of the Department and a District (or Department) in itself.

  1. Almeidas
  2. Upper Magdalena (Alto Magdalena)
  3. Lower Magdalena (Bajo Magdalena)
  4. Gualivá
  5. Guavio
  6. Central Magdalena (Magdalena Centro)
  7. Medina
  8. Eastern (Oriente)
  9. Rionegro
  10. Central Savanna (Sabana Centro)
  11. Western Savanna (Sabana Occidente)
  12. Soacha
  13. Sumapaz
  14. Tequendama
  15. Ubaté

See also


  1. ^ "Departamento: Datos generales: Límites" (in Spanish). Gobernación del Cundinamarca. Archived from the original on 24 January 2013. 
  2. ^ Kline, Harvey F. (2012). "Cundinamarca, Department of". Historical Dictionary of Colombia. Scarecrow Press. p. 157.  
  3. ^ "DANE". Retrieved February 13, 2013. 
  4. ^ Projections 1985-2020. Bogotá: DANE. 12 May 2011. Retrieved 30 July 2015. 

External links

  • "Gobernación de Cundinamarca: Perfiles (Cundinamarca Government Profiles)" (in Spanish). Gobernación del Cundinamarca. 
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