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Co-cathedral

A co-cathedral is a cathedral church which shares the function of being a bishop's seat, or cathedra, with another cathedral, often in another city (usually a former see and/or the civil capital). Instances of this occurred in England before the Protestant Reformation in the dioceses of 'Bath and Wells,' and of 'Coventry and Lichfield.' These two dioceses were each named for both cities that served as bishop's seats.

Contents

  • Catholic Europe 1
    • Belgium 1.1
    • Croatia 1.2
    • France 1.3
    • Hungary 1.4
    • Italy 1.5
    • Malta 1.6
    • Spain 1.7
  • Catholic Asia 2
    • India 2.1
    • Syria 2.2
  • Catholic Central America & Antilles 3
    • Guatemala 3.1
    • Martinique 3.2
  • Catholic South America 4
    • Brazil 4.1
  • United Kingdom 5
  • North America 6
    • Catholic Church 6.1
    • Episcopal Church 6.2
  • See also 7
  • References 8

Catholic Europe

Belgium

Cathedral of St. Michael and St. Gudula in Brussels

In Belgium, the cathedral of the primatial Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Mechelen-Brussels is the metropolitan St. Rumbold's Cathedral in Mechelen, the archiepiscopal seat. Its co-cathedral is the Cathedral of St. Michael and St. Gudula in Brussels, the state capital. A third, larger church in Koekelberg (also in Brussels) has the status of basilica, not cathedral rank, yet it has received papal visits including a papal beatification.

Croatia

The Metropolitan archbishop of Split-Makarska has, in Split (Dalmatia), the co-cathedral of Saint Peter the Apostle Konkatedrala sv. Petar Apostola, besides his episcopal see, Katedrala Sv. Dujma.

France

Hungary

The primatial Metropolitan see of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Esztergom-Budapest has its primary cathedral in the old archiepiscopal seat, the Cathedral Basilica of Esztergom, and a co-cathedral basilica in the national state capital Budapest.

Italy

  • The bishopric of Lucera and Troia has its cathedral in the first-named, present see; the second's former cathedral serves as co-cathedral

Malta

Spain

Co-cathedral of Santa María de la Fuente la Mayor in Guadalajara, Spain.

Catholic Asia

India

The bishop of Simla and Chandigarh has a cathedral of St. Michael and St. Joseph at the episocopal see in Shimla, also capital of Himachal Pradesh state, and a co-Cathedral, Christ the King Cathedral, at Chandigarh, which never was a diocese.

Syria

The Melkite Greek Catholic Archeparchy of Homs has in in Yabrud (one of the two former eparchials which were title united with the dioces) the co-cathedral of Saints Constantine and Helen, besides its Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace in Homs.

Catholic Central America & Antilles

Guatemala

  • The Metropolitan Archdiocese of Los Altos Quetzaltenango-Totonicapán has a Concatedral San Miguel Arcángel, in Totonicapán, besides the episcopal see Catedral del Espíritu Santo, in Quetzaltenango.

Martinique

  • The Metropolitan Archdiocese of Fort-de-France–Saint-Pierre has a co-cathedral Co-cathédrale Notre Dame de l’Assomption, in Saint-Pierre, besides the cathedral Cathédrale Saint-Louis, in Fort-de-France.

Catholic South America

Brazil

United Kingdom

In the case of York the collegiate churches of Beverley, Ripon and Southwell were almost in the same position, but although the archbishop had a stall in each, he had no diocesan cathedra in them. The chapters were not united with that of the metropolitan church in the direct government of the diocese, or the election of the archbishop, nor had they those other rights which were held to denote the cathedral character of a church.

Since 2014, the cathedrals of Ripon, Bradford and Wakefield have functioned as co-cathedrals within the Anglican Diocese of Leeds.

North America

Catholic Church

Basilica of the National Shrine of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Baltimore
Co-Cathedral of the Sacred Heart in Houston

In the United States, there are several instances in which a Roman Catholic diocese maintains two Episcopal See cities, each with their own cathedral or co-cathedral. Examples include the Cathedral of Saint Paul and the Basilica of Saint Mary in the Archdiocese of Saint Paul and Minneapolis (Minnesota). Another is St. Mary's Cathedral Basilica and the Co-Cathedral of the Sacred Heart in the Archdiocese of Galveston-Houston (Texas).[1]

Other instances include the Diocese of Altoona-Johnstown (Pennsylvania), the Diocese of Fort Wayne-South Bend (Indiana), the Diocese of Great Falls-Billings (Montana), the Diocese of Houma-Thibodaux (Louisiana), the Diocese of Kansas City-Saint Joseph (Missouri), the Diocese of Pensacola-Tallahassee (Florida), the Diocese of Springfield-Cape Girardeau (Missouri), and the Diocese of Wheeling-Charleston (West Virginia).

There are also five instances in the United States in which a cathedral and its co-cathedral are in the same city.[2] This usually occurs when a historically important cathedral becomes too small to serve a growing population, and a larger co-cathedral is constructed to accommodate larger services. Examples include:

Examples in Canada are:

Episcopal Church

In the Episcopal Church, both the Diocese of Iowa and the Diocese of Minnesota each have two cathedrals, both located in different cities; however, they are not styled "co-cathedrals."

See also

References

  1. ^ Archdiocese of Galveston-Houston: History of the Cathedral & Co-Cathedral
  2. ^ http://www.gcatholic.org/churches/data/cathUS.htm Cathedrals in the United States
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