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Chinese Buddhist canon

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Title: Chinese Buddhist canon  
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Chinese Buddhist canon

The Tripiṭaka Koreana, an early edition of the Chinese Buddhist canon
Evolution of the Taishō Tripiṭaka from previous editions of the Chinese Buddhist canon

The Chinese Buddhist Canon (大藏經 Dàzàngjīng) (Japanese: 大蔵経 Daizōkyō; Korean: 대장경 Daejanggyeong; Vietnamese: Đại tạng kinh) refers to the total body of Buddhist literature deemed canonical in Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and Vietnamese Buddhism. The traditional term for this canon is Dàzàngjīng (大藏經), which means the "Great Treasury of Sūtras."


  • Contents 1
  • Versions 2
  • Languages 3
  • Non-collected works 4
  • Translations 5
  • Samples 6
  • Notes 7
  • See also 8
  • External links 9


The Chinese Buddhist canon includes Āgama, Vinaya and Abhidharma texts from Early Buddhist schools, as well as the Mahāyāna sūtras and scriptures from Esoteric Buddhism.


There are many versions of the canon in East Asia in different places and time. An early version is the Fangshan Stone Sutras (房山石經) from the 7th century.[1] The earlier Lung Tripitaka (龍藏), Jiaxing Tripitaka (嘉興藏), and Zhaocheng Jin Tripitaka are still completely extant in printed form. The complete woodblocks are the Tripiṭaka Koreana and the Chenlong Tripitaka. The Tripiṭaka Koreana or Palman Daejanggyeong was carved between 1236 and 1251, during Korea's Goryeo Dynasty, onto 81,340 wooden printing blocks with no known errors in the 52,382,960 characters. It is stored at the Haeinsa temple, South Korea.[2]

One of the most used version is Taishō Shinshū Daizōkyō (Taishō Tripiṭaka, 大正新脩大藏經).[3] Named after the Taisho era, a modern standardized edition published in Tokyo between 1924 and 1934. It is the only punctuated tripitaka.[4] It contains 100 volumes.

The Zokuzokyo (Xuzangjing) (卍續藏) version, which is a supplement of another version of the canon, is often used as a supplement for Buddhist texts not collected in the Taishō Tripiṭaka. The Jiaxing Tripitaka is a supplement for Ming dynasty and Qing dynasty Buddhist texts not collected.,[5] and a Dazangjing Bu Bian (大藏經補編) published in 1986 are supplements of them.[6]

The Chinese Manuscripts in the Tripitaka Sinica (中華大藏經–漢文部份 Zhonghua Dazangjing: Hanwen bufen), a new collection of canonical texts, was published by Zhonghua Book Company in Beijing in 1983-97, with 107 volumes of literature, are photocopies of early versions[7][8] and include many newly unearthed scriptures from Dunhuang.[9] There are newer Tripitaka Sinica projects.[10]


Mostly written in Classical Chinese. The Mi Tripitaka (蕃大藏經) is the Tangut canon.[11] Eric Grinstead published a collection of Tangut Buddhist texts under the title The Tangut Tripitaka in 1971 in New Delhi. The Taishō edition contains classical Japanese works. The Dunhuang edition contains some works in old Western Regions languages.[12] The Tripitaka Sinica mentioned above features a Tibetan section.

Non-collected works

A number of apocryphal sutras composed in China, composed stories such as the Journey to the West and Chinese folk religion texts are excluded in the earlier canons.[13][14][15][16][17] Modern religious and scholar works are also excluded but they are published in other book series.




  1. ^ 房山石经的拓印与出版
  2. ^
  3. ^ 刊本大藏經之入藏問題出探 A Preliminary Study on the Question of which Texts were Incorporated in the Blockprint Editions of the Tripitaka
  4. ^ 中国努力打造《新编大藏经》工程
  5. ^ 工具書‧叢書‧大藏經
  6. ^ 张新鹰:《中华大藏经》——一项重大的佛教文化工程
  7. ^ 《金藏》劫波一部佛经的坎坷路
  8. ^ 說不盡的《趙城金藏》
  9. ^ 略谈《中华大藏经》在汉文大藏经史上的地位
  10. ^ 《中华大藏经(汉文部分).续编》的特点和结构
  11. ^ 国图藏西夏文文献的价值
  12. ^ 怀念北图馆长北大教授王重民先生
  13. ^ A Research on the Authenticity of the Bhikhuni Seng Fa from Jiangmi 關於江泌女子僧法誦出經
  14. ^ 一些伪经(作者:释观清)
  15. ^ 助印佛经须知
  16. ^ 涉嫌封建迷信、邪教、伪经伪书、混淆知见的书籍一览
  17. ^ 果卿居士《现代因果实录》的不实之处- 般若之门

See also

External links


  • The Chinese Canon (Introduction)
  • WWW Database of Chinese Buddhist texts (Book index)
  • Chinese Buddhist Tripitaka Electronic Text Collection, Taipei Edition
  • Taisho Tripiṭaka, SAT
  • East Asian Buddhist Studies: A Reference Guide
  • The TELDAP projects as the base of the Integration of Buddhist Archives -- Buddhist Lexicographical Resources and Tripitaka Catalogs as the example
  • Digital Database of Buddhist Tripitaka Catalogues
  • (Chinese)大藏经研究(Book index)
  • (Chinese)佛教《大藏经》34种版本介绍保证网络最全(Book index)
  • (Chinese)電子藏經 Extensive list of online tripitakas
  • (Chinese)汉文大藏经刊刻源流表(Book index)
  • (Chinese)汉文大藏经概述(Book index)
  • (Chinese)近三十年新发现的佛教大藏经及其价值(Description of rediscovered texts of the Canon)(Book index)
  • (Chinese)历代印本汉文大藏经简介(Description of existing versions of the Canon)
  • (Chinese)汉文佛教大藏经的整理与研究任重道远(Description of new versions of the Canon)


  • (Japanese)Machine-readable text-database of the Taisho Tripitaka (zip files of Taisho Tripitaka vol. 1-85)
  • (Chinese)CBETA Project (with original text of Taisho Tripitaka vol.1-55, 85; the complete Zokuzokyo/Xuzangjing, and the Jiaxing Tripitaka).
  • (Chinese)佛教大藏經(links to big size pdfs)
  • (Chinese)藏经楼--佛教导航
  • (Korean)Tripitaka Koreana(electronic scans)
  • Numata Center for Buddhist Translation and Research, Berkeley provides some English translations from the Taisho Tripitaka (prints or free pdf)
  • Bibliography of Translations from the Chinese Buddhist Canon into Western Languages accessed 2013-07-16
  • Alternative Source for CBETA
  • Buddhist Scriptures in Multiple Languages
  • 漢文電子大藏經系列 Chinese Buddhist Canon Series

Non-collected works

  • (Chinese)報佛恩網(A collection of many modern Buddhist works outside the existing canon versions)
  • (Chinese)生死书繁简版(Another collection of modern Buddhist works)
  • (Chinese)戒邪淫网(Another collection of modern Buddhist works)
  • (Chinese)佛學研究基本文獻及工具書(Book list)
  • (Chinese)大藏经(Book list)
  • (Chinese)大藏经(Book list)
  • (Chinese)佛教大学(Book list)
  • (Chinese)中文佛學文獻檢索與利用(Book list)
  • (Chinese)工具書‧叢書‧大藏經(Book list)
  • (Chinese)Center for Buddhist Studies 國立臺灣大學佛學研究中心(Book list)
  • (Chinese)佛教研究之近況(Book list)
  • (Chinese)佛書- 佛門網Buddhistdoor - 佛學辭彙- Buddhist Glossary(Book list)
  • (Chinese)兩岸佛學研究與佛學教育的回顧與前瞻(Book list)
  • (Chinese)当代台湾的佛学研究(Book list)
  • (Chinese)佛教资料库网站集锦(修订3版)(Book list)
  • 美國佛教會電腦資訊庫功德會「藏經閣」
  • 七葉佛教書舍
  • Chinese buddhism works
  • 佛缘正见
  • 弘化社,佛教印经,经书流通,净土
  • 佛教书籍网:佛经在线阅读,佛教手机电子书下载,佛学论坛,佛经印刷
  • 妙音文库
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