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Chilpancingo

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Title: Chilpancingo  
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Subject: Guerrero, Chichihualco, Igualapa, Apango, Taxco
Collection: Capitals of States of Mexico, Chilpancingo, Populated Places in Guerrero
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Chilpancingo

Chilpancingo de los Bravo
Collage
Collage
Official seal of Chilpancingo de los Bravo
Seal
Nickname(s): Ciudad Bravo
Chilpancingo de los Bravo is located in Mexico
Chilpancingo de los Bravo
Coordinates:
Country Mexico
State Guerrero
Municipality Chilpancingo de los Bravo
Founded November 1, 1591
Government
 • Mayor Mario Moreno Arcos
(2012-2015, PRI)
Area
 • Municipality 2,338.4 km2 (902.86 sq mi)
Elevation 1,253 m (4,111 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 187,251
 • Municipality 214,219
 • Demonym Chilpancingueño
Time zone CST (UTC−6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC−5)
Postal code 39000
Area code(s) 747
Website chilpancingo.gob.mx

Chilpancingo de los Bravo (commonly shortened to Chilpancingo; Spanish pronunciation: ) is the capital and second-largest city of the state of Guerrero, Mexico. In 2010 it had a population of 187,251 people. The municipality has an area of 2,338.4 km2 (902.9 sq mi) in the south-central part of the state, situated in the Sierra Madre del Sur, on the bank of the Huacapa River.[1] The city is on Mexican Federal Highway 95 which connects Acapulco to Mexico City. It is served by Chilpancingo National Airport, which is one of the five airports in the state.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Economy 2
  • Archaeology 3
  • Sister cities 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

History

In pre-Columbian times, the area was occupied by the

  • Ayuntamiento de Chilpancingo de los Bravo Official website

External links

  1. ^ a b c d "Chilpancingo". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 18 September 2014. 
  2. ^ Mills, Kenneth R.; Taylor, William B.; Graham, Sandra Lauderdale (1 January 2002). Colonial Latin America: A Documentary History. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 397.  
  3. ^ Transactions of the American Philosophical Society. American Philosophical Society. 1966. p. 7.  
  4. ^ "Chilpancingo de los Bravo" (in Spanish). Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México. Retrieved 18 September 2014. 
  5. ^ O'Kane, Rosemary H. T. (2000). Revolution: Critical Concepts in Political Science. Taylor & Francis. p. 127.  
  6. ^ Selee, Andrew D. (2011). Decentralization, Democratization, and Informal Power in Mexico. Penn State Press. p. 83.  
  7. ^ "Mexico Earthquake: Felt In Mexico City, Centered Near Chilpancingo". Huffington Post. 28 May 2009. Retrieved 18 September 2014. 
  8. ^ Reyna Beatríz SOLÍS CIRIACO, Hervé Victor MONTERROSA DESRUELLES, .Malacological Material from Pezuapan's Archaeological site, Chilpancingo, Guerrero, Mexico 2010

References

Sister cities

Other archaeological sites found in this area of Guerrero are,

"Pezuapan" is an archaeological site located in Chilpancingo city.[8] It sits on the eastern slope of the Chilpancingo valley. The archaeological vestiges found at the site cover the total area of 4000 m2. The dates are from 650 AD to 1150 AD.

Archaeology

In 1869, the Autonomous University of Guerrero was established in Chilpancingo; it still plays a considerable role in the local economy. The city is a producer of processed foods and alcoholic beverages, and is a market for maize, sugarcane, bananas, livestock, and lumber produced in the region.[1]

Economy

In 1960, the city entered a severe social crisis with the start of a student popular movement at the Autonomous University of Guerrero, protests which led to a general strike at the institution and later swarmed to various forces and social sectors of the city and the state.[6] The main objective was to diminish the power of the state government and seek autonomy for the college. On April 27, 2009 an earthquake with a magnitude of 5.6 was centered near Chilpancingo.[7]

During the Mexican Revolution, Chilpancingo was deeply troubled, and had political and administrative importance as a strategic place for the sides in the debate. Battles took place in the vicinity in the 1910s, in which Emiliano Zapata defeated federal forces of Porfirio Diaz, Francisco I. Madero, Victoriano Huerta and Venustiano Carranza. A major defeat of Huerta's southern forces took place here in March April 1914;[5] the Zapatistas took the town until after the Constitutional Convention.

[4] In 1870 it was again declared capital by Governor Francisco O. Arce, due to the opposition led by General Jimenez, who was in possession of the official seat of government at Tixtla. It was not until 1871, when the state legislature agreed to a change of venue, that the capital was moved again from Chilpancingo.[3]

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