World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Chief Mufti

Article Id: WHEBN0005017049
Reproduction Date:

Title: Chief Mufti  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Hakham Bashi, Kunta-haji
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Chief Mufti

Part of a series on Islam
Usul al-fiqh

(The Roots of Jurisprudence)

Fiqh
Ahkam
Scholarly titles

This article is about an Islamic scholar. Mufti can also refer to civilian dress.

A mufti (qadis."

In religious administrative terms, a mufti is roughly equivalent to a deacon to a Sunni population. A muftiate or diyanet is a council of muftis. The female equivalent is a muftiyah.

Qualifications

A Mufti will generally go through an Iftaa course and the person should fulfill the following conditions set by scholars in order that he may be able to issue verdicts (fataawa). They are eight:

  1. Knowledge of Arabic
  2. Mastery over the science of principles of jurisprudence
  3. Sufficient knowledge of social realities
  4. Mastery of the science of comparative religions
  5. Mastery of the foundations of social sciences
  6. Mastery of the science of Maqasid ash-Shari`ah (Objectives of Shari`ah)
  7. Mastery of the science of Hadith
  8. Mastery of legal maxims

[2] ==Fatwa == A fatwa is a legal document prepared and presented by muftis and is a legal opinion regarding specific circumstances brought to the mufti, either by a Qu'ran.

Differentiation between muftis and fatwas in the Ottoman era

The background of different muftis and the characteristics of their fatawa could vary greatly from region to region, as could their importance to the local Istanbul, would be deemed as highly important and inevitably be followed by the qadi dealing his judgment in a particular court case. The power in a fatwa like this would be reflected in that the mufti, such as the grand mufti in a key city like Istanbul, would most likely hold an official position in the empire.

In contrast, local men who held the position of mufti in places outside big cities, such as in the Ottoman southern

Mufti from the Ottoman period could have been “official” muftis, people of knowledge who grew up in a middle-size village studying and discussing with the great minds of their time, using their understanding of the Qu’ran and applying personal legal opinions to fit with their local communities. They could have been

See also

References

External links

  • (French) The ethics of Muftī by Imam Ibn Khaldûn
  •  
  • -logo.svg 
  • The Grand Mufti of Egypt's English Website
  • Maqasid ash-Shariah, The message of Islam.

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.