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Chief Mufti

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Title: Chief Mufti  
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Chief Mufti

Part of a series on Islam
Usul al-fiqh

(The Roots of Jurisprudence)

Scholarly titles

This article is about an Islamic scholar. Mufti can also refer to civilian dress.

A mufti (qadis."

In religious administrative terms, a mufti is roughly equivalent to a deacon to a Sunni population. A muftiate or diyanet is a council of muftis. The female equivalent is a muftiyah.


A Mufti will generally go through an Iftaa course and the person should fulfill the following conditions set by scholars in order that he may be able to issue verdicts (fataawa). They are eight:

  1. Knowledge of Arabic
  2. Mastery over the science of principles of jurisprudence
  3. Sufficient knowledge of social realities
  4. Mastery of the science of comparative religions
  5. Mastery of the foundations of social sciences
  6. Mastery of the science of Maqasid ash-Shari`ah (Objectives of Shari`ah)
  7. Mastery of the science of Hadith
  8. Mastery of legal maxims

[2] ==Fatwa == A fatwa is a legal document prepared and presented by muftis and is a legal opinion regarding specific circumstances brought to the mufti, either by a Qu'ran.

Differentiation between muftis and fatwas in the Ottoman era

The background of different muftis and the characteristics of their fatawa could vary greatly from region to region, as could their importance to the local Istanbul, would be deemed as highly important and inevitably be followed by the qadi dealing his judgment in a particular court case. The power in a fatwa like this would be reflected in that the mufti, such as the grand mufti in a key city like Istanbul, would most likely hold an official position in the empire.

In contrast, local men who held the position of mufti in places outside big cities, such as in the Ottoman southern

Mufti from the Ottoman period could have been “official” muftis, people of knowledge who grew up in a middle-size village studying and discussing with the great minds of their time, using their understanding of the Qu’ran and applying personal legal opinions to fit with their local communities. They could have been

See also


External links

  • (French) The ethics of Muftī by Imam Ibn Khaldûn
  • -logo.svg 
  • The Grand Mufti of Egypt's English Website
  • Maqasid ash-Shariah, The message of Islam.

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