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Chiatura

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Title: Chiatura  
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Subject: FC Chiatura, Imereti, Keda, Georgia, Jvari (town), Martvili
Collection: Aerial Tramways, Cities and Towns in Imereti
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Chiatura

Chiatura
ჭიათურა
The town of Chiatura.
Chiatura
Location of Chiatura in Georgia
Coordinates:
Country  Georgia
Mkhare Imereti
Population (2008)
 • Total 19,587
Time zone Georgian Time (UTC+4)
Climate Cfb

Chiatura (Georgia. In 1989, it had a population of about 30,000.

Contents

  • Geography and History 1
  • Cablecars 2
  • International relations 3
    • Twin towns — Sister cities 3.1
  • References 4

Geography and History

The city is located inland, in a mountain valley on the banks of the Qvirila River.

In 1879 the Georgian poet Georgian Railways is fully electrified. Manganese production rose to 60% of global output by 1905.

In Chiatura are located the Tsereteli State Theater, 10 schools, Faculty of the Joseph Stalin persuaded them to back Bolshevism during a debate with the Mensheviks. They preferred his simple 15-minute speech to his rivals' oratory. They called him "sergeant major Koba". He set up a printing press, protection racket and "red battle squads". Stalin put Vano Kiasashvili in charge of the armed miners. The mine owners actually sheltered him as he would protect them from thieves in return and he destroyed mines whose owners refused to pay up.[4]

In 1906 a gold train carrying the miners' wages was attacked by Kote Tsintsadze's Druzhina (Bolshevik Expropriators' Club). They fought for two hours, killing a Gendarme and soldier, and stealing 21,000 roubles.[5] The miners went on a successful 55-day strike in June–July 1913. They demanded an 8-hour day, higher wages and no more night work. The police allowed the RSDRP to lead the strike provided they didn't make any political demands.[6] They were supported by fellow strikers in Batumi and Poti.[7]

Chiatura is the seat of the Archbishop of Chiatura.

Cablecars

A cablecar station, installed in the 1950s
External images
Stalin's Rope Roads in Chiatura

Due to the steep sided river valley, production workers spent a large amount of time walking up from the town to the mines, there by reducing productivity. In 1954 an extensive cable car system was installed to transport workers around the valley and up to the mines. Still utilising the same infrastructure installed originally in the 1950s, today some 17 separate aerial lift cable car systems still exist around the town.[8]

International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

References

  1. ^ "Manganese Mines and Deposits of Georgia". IFSD Europe. Retrieved 18 April 2013. 
  2. ^ a b The mineral industry of Georgia, ed. (2007). USGS Minerals Yearbook (PDF). National Research Council (U.S.). p. 334. Retrieved 18 April 2013. 
  3. ^ "Manganese Ore Industry". thefreedictionary.com. 1979. Retrieved 18 April 2013. 
  4. ^ Simon Sebag Montefiore, Young Stalin, pp 111-3
  5. ^ Simon Sebag Montefiore, Young Stalin, page 130
  6. ^ Ronald Grigor Suny, The making of the Georgian nation, page 178
  7. ^ About us
  8. ^ Stalin's cable car: Death-defying 'metal coffins' which miners are still using...despite being riddled with rust | Mail Online

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