World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Carlo Gozzi

Article Id: WHEBN0000304379
Reproduction Date:

Title: Carlo Gozzi  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Alphonse Royer, Turandot (Busoni), Turandot, Carlo Goldoni, Non piangere, Liù
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Carlo Gozzi

Portrait of Carlo Gozzi
Gozzi's Princess Turandot, 1922 performance by the Russian theater director Yevgeny Vakhtangov

Carlo, Count Gozzi (Italian: ; 13 December 1720 – 4 April 1806) was an Italian playwright.

Gozzi was born and died in Venice; he came from an old Venetian family from the Republic of Ragusa. His father's debts forced him to look for a means of supporting himself, and at the age of sixteen, he joined the army in Dalmatia; three years later he returned to Venice, where he soon made a reputation for himself as the wittiest member of the Granelleschi Society, to which the publication of several satirical pieces had gained him admission. This society, nominally devoted to conviviality and wit, had serious literary aims and was especially zealous to preserve Tuscan literature from foreign influence.

The displacement of the old Italian comedy by the dramas of Pietro Chiari and Carlo Goldoni, modelled on French examples, threatened to defeat the society's efforts; in 1757 Gozzi came to the rescue by publishing a satirical poem, La tartana degli influssi per l'anno 1756, and in 1761 his comedy based on a fairy tale, The Love for Three Oranges or Analisi riflessiva della fiaba L'amore delle tre melarance, a parody of the style of the other two poets. To perform it, he obtained the services of the Sacchi company of players, who had been left without employment because the popularity of the comedies of Chiari and Goldoni offered no scope for the display of their particular talents. Their satirical powers thus sharpened by personal enmity, the play was an extraordinary success.

Struck by the effect produced on the audience by the introduction of the supernatural or mythical element, which he had merely used as a convenient medium for his satirical purposes, Gozzi produced a series of dramatic pieces based on fairy tales. These were hugely popular, even forcing Goldoni to flee Venice for good, but after the breaking up of the Sacchi company were unjustly neglected. They were however much praised by Goethe, Schlegel brothers, Hoffmann, Madame de Staël, Sismondi and Ostrovsky; one of these plays, Turandot or La Turandotte, was translated by Friedrich Schiller and staged by Goethe in Weimar in 1802 with great acclaim.

In his later years Gozzi began to produce tragedies in which the comic element was largely introduced; as this innovation proved unacceptable to the critics he turned to the Spanish drama, from which he obtained models for various pieces; these had minor success. He was buried in the church of San Cassiano in Venice.

His brother, Gasparo Gozzi, was also a well-known writer of the time.

His collected works were published under his own superintendence at Venice in 1792, in 10 volumes.

A number of twentieth-century stage works were inspired by Gozzi's plays. These include treatments of Turandot by Karl Vollmöller and Bertolt Brecht, operas based on the same story by Busoni, and, more famously, Puccini, Prokofiev's The Love of Three Oranges and Hans Werner Henze's König Hirsch.



Fiabe Teatrali — "Tales for the Theatre"
  • L'amore delle Tre Melarance — "The Love of Three Oranges" (1761)
  • Il Corvo — "The Raven" (1761)
  • Il Re Cervo — "The Stag King" (1762)
  • Turandot (1762)
  • La Donna Serpente — "The Serpent Woman" (1762)
  • La Zobeide — "Zobeide" (1763)
  • I Pitocchi Fortunati — "The Fortunate Beggars" (1764)
  • Il Mostro Turchino — "The Blue Monster" (1764)
  • L'Augellino Bel Verde — "The Green Bird" (1765)
  • Zeim, Re de'Geni — "Zeim, King of the Genies" (1765)
Other plays
  • Marfisa bizzarra (1766)
  • The Elixir of Love (1775/1776)
  • Il Cavaliere Amico; o sia, Il Trionfo dell'Amicizia — "The Knight; or, The Triumph of Friendship" (Tragicomedy in 5 Acts)
  • Doride; o sia, La Rassegnata — "Doride; or, The Resigned" (Tragicomedy in 5 Acts)
  • La Donna Vendicativa — "The Vengeful Woman" (Tragicomedy in 5 Acts)
  • La Caduta di Donna Elvira, Regina di Navarra — "The Fall of Donna Elvira, Queen of Navarre" [Prologo Tragico].
  • La Punizione nel Precipizio — "Punishment in the Precipice" (Tragicomedy in 3 Acts)
  • Il Pubblico Secreto — "The Public Secret" (Comedy in 3 Acts)
  • Le Due Notti Affannose; o sia, gl'Inganni della Immaginazione — "Two Frantic Nights; or, Illusions of Imagination" (Tragicomedy in 5 Acts)
  • La Principessa Filosofa; o sia, Il Controveleno — "The Princess Philosopher; or, The Antidote" (Drama in 3 Acts)
  • I Due Fratelli Nimici — "The Two Enemy Brothers" (Tragicomedy in 3 Acts)
  • Eco e Narciso — "Echo and Narcissus" (Seriocomic Pastoral with Music in 3 Acts)
  • Il Moro di Corpo Bianco; o sia, Lo Schiavo del Proprio Onore — "The Moor with White Body; or, The Slave of his own Honor" (Tragicomedy in 5 Acts)
  • La Donna Contraria al Consiglio — "The Woman Against the Council" (Scenic Composition in 5 Acts)
  • Cimene Pardo — "Cimene Pardo" (Tragedy in 5 Acts)
  • Innamorata da Vero — "True Love" (Comedy in 3 Acts)
  • Bianca Contessa di Melfi; o sia, Il Maritaggio per Vendetta — "Bianca, Countess of Malfi; or, the Maritaggio for Vendetta" (Tragedy in 5 Acts)
  • Il Montanaro Don Giovanni Pasquale — "The Montanaro Don Giovanni Pasquale" (Moral Stage Action in 5 Acts)
  • La Figlia dell'Aria; o sia, L'Innalzamento di Semiramide — "Daughter of the Air; or, The Rise of Semiramis" (Allegorical Tale in 3 Acts)
  • Il Metafisico; o sia, L'Amore, e L'Amicizia alla Prova — "The Metaphysical; or, Love and Friendship Put to the Test" (Drama 3 Acts)
  • Annibale, Duca di Atene — "Hannibal, Duke of Athens" (Verse Representation in 5 Acts)
  • La Malia della Voce — "The Woman's(?) Voice" (Drama 5 Acts)
  • Amore Assottiglia il Cervello — "Love Thins the Brain" (Comedy in 5 Acts)
  • La Vedova del Malabar — "The Widow of Malabar" (Tragedy in 5 Acts)

Other works

  • Ragionamento ingenuo, e storia sincera dell'origine delle mie dieci Fiabe teatrali — "Ingenuous Disquisition and Sincere History of My Ten Tales for the Theatre" (1772)
  • Memorie Inutili — "Useless Memoirs" (1777, published 1797)


| group2 =

| list2 =

| group3 = People | list3 =

| group4 = Issues | list4 =

| group

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.