World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Cable skiing

Article Id: WHEBN0005151676
Reproduction Date:

Title: Cable skiing  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Wakeboarding, Towed water sports, Waterskiing, Water skiing, Boardsport
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Cable skiing

Concept drawings for a cable ski course in France

Cable skiing is a way to water ski (or wakeboard), in which the skier's rope and handle are pulled by an electrically-driven cable, whereas traditionally a waterskier is pulled by a motorboat. The mechanism consists of two cables running parallel to one another with carriers between them every 80 metres. The carriers are metal tubes that can hook up tow ropes with riders. Tow ropes are detached and attached at the same time without slowing the system down, which is a main reason for its high efficiency. With a main cable of 800 metres long, 10 riders can waterski or wakeboard at the same time. The speed of the main cable can be up to 38 mph (61 km/h), and slalom skiers can reach much higher speeds. The most common speed is 19 mph (31 km/h), which suits wakeboarders best.

The cable is generally suspended 26–30 feet (8–9 metres) above the water. This makes for a different feel than when riding behind a boat, whether wakeboarding or water skiing.

Cable skiing in Vienna
Cable ski – Wakeboarding on the island Krk between towns Punat and Krk, Croatia.

The higher angle of pull makes bigger "air" and sharper turns possible. Generally, on wakeboard-only cables, there are ramps and sliders for the riders to use. Another way for wakeboarders to get air on the cable is to "load the line." Loading the line is putting tension on the rope and using the water as a spring to fling oneself into the air. Though it is possible to do this behind a boat, the higher angle of pull and the slight jerk on the corners allow good riders to get much higher.

Other important advantages of the cable compared to the boat are environmental friendliness and the enormous capacity. The electric motor of the cable is quiet, clean and energy-efficient. A cableway with a main cable 800 metres long operated at 19 mph (31 km/h) makes 38.8 rounds in one hour (456 miles per day if used round the clock) and the users get 19 miles (31 km) of water skiing or wake boarding in that hour.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Popularity 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

History

The modern cable skiing system was invented by a German engineer Bruno Rixen,[1] who built his first water ski cableway on a lake in Bordesholm, Germany, in 1959 . Rixen sold the first commercial system in 1966.[2] However at least one prior cable skiing facility was in operation in Helsinki during the 1950's,[3][4] and it was claimed to be the first in the world.[5] The inventor was a Finnish construction foreman and water skier Kauko Kolma.

Popularity

Cable skiing is very popular in Europe and slowly gaining momentum in the United States. In Germany alone there are over 70 active cableways plus 15 two mast cableways. Two mast cable systems also called linear cable systems [6] are gaining popularity world-wide with numerous systems across the US and Europe with prices for systems ranging from 8,000 to 35,000 USD. One spot in Germany, Langenfeld, has four cableway systems and the highest water skiing and wakeboarding capacity in the world. Since the sport has been growing very fast recently, there are currently more than 40 cables in Poland - Margonin (960 m), Szczecinek (1100 m), Ostróda (800 m), Lublin (760 m) and Augustów (740 m). In the U.S. there are around 50 cableways. One of the largest cable parks in the world and the only cable park in North Africa - Sliders Cable Park [2] was opened in 2014 in El Gouna, Egypt. It is one of a few parks that is open all year round attracting pro riders for winter trainings.

References

  1. ^ "Cable History".  
  2. ^ "From prototype to series production".  
  3. ^ Kannisto, Väinö (1951), A photograph from Hietaniemi beach,  
  4. ^ "Finnish Broadcasting Company Archives: Vesikiitorata Hietaniemessä 3 April 1952".  
  5. ^ "Finnish Broadcasting Company Archives: Vauhdin hurmaa vesisuksilla 2 July 1958".  
  6. ^ http://www.thewakeboardcable.com

External links

  • A list of all cables and Official Cablewakeboard Federation Homepage
  • Cable Park Directory (for iOS)
  • Cable Park Directory (for all browsers)
  • Sliders Cable Park - The only cable park in North Africa official website;
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.