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Bulgarian cuisine

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Title: Bulgarian cuisine  
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Collection: Balkan Cuisine, Bulgarian Cuisine
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Bulgarian cuisine

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Tarator is a cold soup made of yogurt, water, minced cucumber, dill, garlic, and sunflower or olive oil (Chips are also sometimes added).
Traditional Bulgarian Christmas Eve dish Sarmi

Bulgarian cuisine (Bulgarian: българска кухня, bylgarska kuhnja) is a representative of the cuisine of Southeastern Europe. Essentially South Slavic, it shares characteristics with other Balkans cuisines. Bulgarian cooking traditions are diverse because of geographical factors such as climatic conditions suitable for a variety of vegetables, herbs and fruit. Aside from the vast variety of local Bulgarian dishes, Bulgarian cuisine shares a number of dishes with the Russian, Italian and even Middle Eastern cuisines.

Bulgarian food often incorporates salads as appetizers and is also noted for the prominence of dairy products, wines and other alcoholic drinks such as rakia. The cuisine also features a variety of soups, such as the cold soup tarator, and pastries, such as the filo dough based banitsa, pita and the various types of börek.

Main courses are very typically water-based stews, either vegetarian or with lamb, goat meat, beef, chicken or pork. Deep-frying is not common, but grilling - especially different kinds of sausages - is very prominent. Pork is common, often mixed with beef or lamb, although fish and chicken are also widely used. While most cattle are bred for milk production rather than meat, veal is popular for grilling meats appetizers (meze) and in some main courses. As a substantial exporter of lamb, Bulgaria's own consumption is notable, especially in the spring.[1]

Similarly to other Balkan cultures the per capita consumption of

  • Bulgarian Cuisine
  • Many recipes from Bulgarian Cuisine
  • Bulgarian Cuisine = Nutritious and Delicious
  • Cuisineeurope - Bulgaria
  • Eating the Bulgarian way
  • Bulgarian Traditional Dishes
  • 100 Essential Bulgaria Recipes

External links

  1. ^ (April 2006). "Bulgaria Poultry and Products Meat Market Update." Accessed July 2011.
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^ Zlatarski - Българската кухня през вековете p 78-79


See also

  • Tea (Usually prepared with one or several herbs or fruits)
  • Greyana Rakiya (boiled rakiya; winter alcoholic beverage)
  • Greyano Vino (winter alcoholic beverage)

Hot beverages

  • Boza (Most popular recipes are from Radomir and Lyubimets)
  • Ayran or Ayryan
  • Matenitsa (Bulgarian Buttermilk)
  • Etar
  • Pitie (Drinks prepared from different squeezed fruit or herbs, whose juice is usually kept for several days to a month before consumption)

Fermented beverages


Distilled liquors


Pelin is a bitter liqueur based on wormwood
A bottle of Zagorka in a traditional mehana
Perushtitsa Mavrud wine

Traditional Bulgarian drinks

Other staples

Spices and herbs

  • Pumpkin Dessert
  • Baklava
  • Buhti with yogurt
  • Cookies "Peach" or Praskovki
  • Fruit bread
  • Garash cake ("Torta Garash")
  • Katmi with jam or honey or cheese (Today usually with added chocolate)
  • Kazanlak Donuts
  • Kompot
  • Kozunak
  • Kurabiiki
  • Lokum
  • Maslenki
  • Milk with Rice
  • Oshav
  • Tart with cherries or sour cherries (Traditionally from Bobov dol)
  • Tart with different fruits
  • Tatlii
  • Tikvenik
  • Tulumbichki
Kazanlak donuts.
Kozunak as prepared in Bulgaria for orthodox Easter
A tahini-based halva with pistachios
Baked pumpkin with walnuts.

The name Halva (халва) is used for several related varieties of the Middle Eastern dessert. Tahan/Tahini halva (тахан/тахини халва) is the most popular version, available in two different types with sunflower and with sesame seed. Traditionally, the regions of Yablanitsa and Haskovo are famous manufacturers of halva.


Bulgaria as a homeland of yogurt has a strong tradition in the making of a variety of dairy products.

Vacuum packed Kashkaval cheese in Bulgarian store.

Dairy Products

Traditional Bulgarian pogacha (left) and a pile of mekitsi with jam (right)

Breads and pastries

Bulgarian Kavarma (left) and Yahniya (right)
  • Gyuvech
  • Yahniya
  • Plakiya
  • Sarma
  • Drob Sarma
  • Wine, Tepsi or Tas kebab
  • Kavarma
  • Kapama
  • Mish Mash (Popular summer dish made with tomatoes, peppers, onion, feta cheese, eggs and fresh spices)
  • Pilaf (Rice with chopped meat, vegetables or mussels)
  • Moussaka
  • Chomlek
  • Mlin
  • Stuffed courgettes
  • Stuffed peppers
  • Peppers börek
  • Roasted beans
  • Beans with sausage
  • Pork with rice
  • Roasted Chicken with Potatoes
  • Pork with Cabbage
  • Chicken with Cabbage
  • Roasted Potatoes
  • Drusan kebab
  • Rice with chicken
  • Tatarian Meatball
  • Meatball(s) with White Sauce Stew
  • Kjufteta po Chirpanski (Meatballs with potatoes; a recipe from Chirpan)
  • Meatloaf 'Rulo "Stephanie"'
  • Potato balls with Sauce
  • Panagyurishte-Style Eggs
  • Fried Courgettes with Yogurt Sauce
  • Chicken in katmi (Popular in a "Thracian" variety)
  • Fish Zelnik (With Sauerkraut and Rice)
  • Fish in pastry (Usually in celebration of St. Nicholas)
  • Stuffed Carp or Nikuldenski Carp (Prepared for the Feast of St. Nicholas)
Cheverme grill from the Rhodopes.
Traditional Bulgarian grill (Skara)- Tatarsko kufte

Main dishes

  • Kyufte (meatballs of minced beef and pork meat, seasoned with traditional spices and shaped in a flattened ball)
  • Kebapche (similar to meatballs, but seasoned with cumin and shaped in a stick)
  • Parjola (pork steak, chop or flank)
  • Shishcheta (marinated pieces of chicken or pork and vegetables.)
  • Karnache (a type of sausage with special spices)
  • Nadenitsa (a type of sausage with special spices)
  • Tatarsko kyufte (stuffed meatballs)
  • Nevrozno kyufte (very piquant meatballs)
  • Chicken in caul
  • Cheverme (used in celebrations such as weddings, graduations and birthdays: a whole animal, traditionally a pig, but also chicken or a lamb, is slowly cooked in open fire, rotated manually on a wooden skewer from 4 to 7 hours.)
  • Meshana skara (mixed grill)
  • Grilled vegetables (usually a garnish or a side dish)
  • Grilled fish (salt water or freshwater)

Skara (grill)

  • Katino meze (Hot starter with chopped pork meat, onion, mushrooms with fresh butter and spices.)
  • Drob po selski (Chopped Liver with onion, or only with butter.)
  • Ezik v maslo (Sliced tongue in butter.)
  • Sirene pane (Breaded Bulgarian White cheese bites.)
  • Kashkaval pane (Breaded Kashkaval bites.)
  • Mussels in butter (With onion and fresh herbs, traditionally from Sozopol.)

Hot appetizers

Lyutenica is a traditional Bulgarian sauce made from tomatoes and peppers

Sauces and appetizers

Salads and relishes


Cold cuts

Stuffed peppers
Green salad (left) and Shopska salad(right)
Soup Topcheta (left) and Shkembe chorba (right)
Traditional Bulgarian soup Teleshko vareno
Traditional Bulgarian cold cut - Lukanka

Traditional Bulgarian foods


  • Traditional Bulgarian foods 1
    • Cold cuts 1.1
    • Soups 1.2
    • Salads and relishes 1.3
    • Sauces and appetizers 1.4
    • Hot appetizers 1.5
    • Skara (grill) 1.6
    • Main dishes 1.7
    • Breads and pastries 1.8
    • Dairy Products 1.9
    • Sweets 1.10
    • Spices and herbs 1.11
    • Other staples 1.12
  • Traditional Bulgarian drinks 2
    • Wine 2.1
    • Distilled liquors 2.2
    • Beer 2.3
    • Fermented beverages 2.4
    • Hot beverages 2.5
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Holidays are often observed in conjecture with certain meals. On Christmas Eve, for instance, tradition requires vegetarian stuffed peppers and cabbage leaf sarmi, New Year's Eve usually involves cabbage dishes, Nikulden (Day of St. Nicholas, December 6) fish (usually carp), while Gergyovden (Day of St. George, May 6) is typically celebrated with roast lamb.

Bulgarian cuisine shares a number of dishes with the Middle Eastern Cuisine as well as a limited number with the Indian, particularly Gujrat cuisine. The culinary exchange with the East started as early as 7th century AD, when traders started bringing herbs and spices to the First Bulgarian Empire from India and Persia via the Roman and later Byzantine empires.[5] This is evident from the wide popularity of dishes like moussaka, gyuvetch, kyufte and baklava, which are common in Middle Eastern cuisine today. White brine cheese called "sirene" (сирене), similar to feta, is also a popular ingredient used in salads and a variety of pastries.

[4] Yogurt has been cultivated and consumed as far back as 3000 BC.[3][2]

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