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Briceni

 

Briceni

Briceni
Flag of Briceni
Flag
Official seal of Briceni
Seal
Briceni is located in Moldova
Briceni
Briceni
Location within Moldova
Coordinates:
Country  Moldova
district Briceni District
Area
 • Total 10 km2 (4 sq mi)
Population (2012)
 • Total 9,900
 • Density 990/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Briceni (Romanian pronunciation: ; Yiddish: Brichon, Russian: Brichany [Бричаны]) is a city in northern Moldova. It is the seat of Briceni District.

At the 2004 census, the city had a population of 8,765. At the 1930 census, there were two localities: Briceni Târg (literally Briceni Fair), and Briceni Sat (literally Briceni village), and at the time they were part of Plasa Briceni of Hotin County.

Ethnic composition
Ethnic group 1930 census 2004 census
Briceni Târg Briceni Sat
Moldovans (Romanians) 57 153 3,411
Jews 5,354 63 52
Ruthenians (Ukrainians) 144 2,773 4,271
Russians 52 98 737
Gypsies 185
Bulgarians 1 26
Gagauzians 14
Poles 10 64 3
Germans 2 8 66
Greeks 5
Hungarians 1
others
Total 5,625 3,160 8,765
Native language
Language 1930 census 2004 census
Briceni Târg Briceni Sat
Romanian 64 123 N/A
Yiddish 5,348 63 N/A
Ukrainian 123 2,790 N/A
Russian 83 162 N/A
Polish 16 N/A
German 6 6 N/A
Bulgarian 1 N/A
others N/A
Total 5,625 3,160 8,765

The town has been also called: Berchan, Bricheni, Bricheni Târg, Bricheni Sat, Britchan, Britchani, Britsiteni.

A village, approximately 30 miles (50 km) to the east to the city, is also known as Briceni. It is at 48° 22´ north latitude and 27° 42´ east longitude, which puts that town 108 miles (174 km) north northwest of Chişinău.

Contents

  • Jewish timeline 1
  • Media 2
  • International relations 3
    • Twin Towns – Sister Cities 3.1
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Jewish timeline

Tomb stones at the Jewish cemetery in Briceni
1817 The town (then a fair) had 137 Jewish families. Another 47 had previously left when the village was partly destroyed by fire.
1847 Jewish school opened.
1850 Briceni had one of the largest Jewish communities in Bessarabia.
1885 Jewish hospital founded.
1897 There were 7,184 Jews in Bricheni (96.5% of the total population)
1898 The town had 7,303 Jews out of a total population of 8,094. There were 972 Jewish artisans, most of whom were furriers who produced and exported up to 25,000 fur overcoats and caps per year. 25 families were dedicated to gardening and to producing tobacco. About 700 Jews were day laborers, earning 10–30 kopeck per day.
1924 125 Jews were occupied in agriculture on 64 km² (approx. 1,600 acres) of land, most of it (5 km²) held on lease.
1930 5354 Jews (95.2% of the total population). There was a Hebrew Tarbut school.
1940 Jewish population grew to about 10,000.
June, 1940 Briceni, along with the rest of Bessarabia was occupied by the USSR. Most Jewish property and community buildings were confiscated. The only synagogue was saved because the Soviets decided to use it as a granary. About 80 Jews, mostly community leaders, were exiled to Siberia.
July 8, 1941 German & Romanian troops passed through the town, murdering many Jews. Jews from the neighboring towns of Lipcani (then Lipcani Târg) and Sokyriany (then Secureni Târg) were brought to Briceni.
July 28, 1941 All Jews were dispatched across the river Dniester (outside Bessarabia) and several were shot en route. When they arrived in Mohyliv-Podilskyi, the Germans "selected" the old people and forced the younger ones to dig graves for them. From Mohyliv-Podilskyi the rest were turned back to Otaci and then on to Secureni-Târg. Hundreds died en route. For a month they stayed in the ghetto there, only to be deported again to Transnistria in late 1941. All the young Jews were murdered in a forest near Soroca.
After 1945 Only about 1,000 Jews returned to Briceni at the end of the World War II.

The Jewish cemetery of Briceni, containing some 5,000 tomb stones, is heavily overgrown, but generally preserved. It is located in the eastern vicinities of the town, left of the road R11 leading to Ocnița.

Media

International relations

Twin Towns – Sister Cities

Briceni is twinned with:

References

External links

  • briceni.com
  • rich.md
  • briceni.at.ua
  • briceni.md
  • 'Jewish Cemetery'
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