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Brampton, Ontario

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Brampton, Ontario

This article is about the city in Canada. For other uses, see Brampton (disambiguation).
Brampton
City
City of Brampton
Official logo of Brampton
Logo
Nickname(s): Flower City (previously Flower Town[1])

Location in the Region of Peel, in the Province of Ontario

Coordinates: 43°41′N 79°46′W / 43.683°N 79.767°W / 43.683; -79.767Coordinates: 43°41′N 79°46′W / 43.683°N 79.767°W / 43.683; -79.767

Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
Region Peel Region
Incorporation 1853 (village)
  1873 (town)
  1974 (city)
Government
 • Mayor Susan Fennell
 • Governing Body Brampton City Council
(click for members)
 • MPs
 • MPPs
Area[2]
 • Land 266.71 km2 (102.98 sq mi)
Elevation 218 m (715 ft)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 523,911 (Ranked 9th)
 • Density 1,964.35/km2 (5,087.6/sq mi)
Demonym Bramptonian
Time zone EST (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code L6P-L7A
Area code(s) 905/289
Website www.brampton.ca

Brampton (/ˈbræmptən/ or /ˈbræmtən/) is a Canadian city in Southern Ontario, Canada. It is a suburban city in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) and the seat of Peel Region. As of the 2011 census, Brampton's population was 523,911.[2]

Brampton was incorporated as a village in 1853, taking its name from the rural town of Brampton, in Cumbria, England. The city was once known as The Flower Town of Canada, a title it earned owing to its large greenhouse industry. Today, Brampton's major economic sectors include advanced manufacturing, retail administration and logistics, information and communication technologies, food and beverage, life sciences and business services.

History

Main article: History of Brampton

Prior to the 1800s, the only building of consequence at the corner of Main and Queen streets, the recognized centre of Brampton, was William Buffy's tavern. At the time, the area was referred to as "Buffy's Corners". All real business in Chinguacousy Township took place 1 mile distant at Martin Salisbury's tavern. By 1834, John Elliott laid out the area in lots for sale, and applied the name "Brampton" to the area, which was soon adopted by others.[3]

In 1853, a small agricultural fair was set up by the newly intiated County Agricultural Society of the County of Peel, and was held at the corner of Main and Queen streets. Grains, produce, roots, and dairy products were up for sale. Horses and cattle, along with other lesser livestock, were also sold at market. This agricultural fair eventually became the modern Brampton Fall Fair. In that same year Brampton was incorporated as a village.[3]

A federal grant allowed the village to create its first public library in 1887, which included 360 volumes from the Mechanic's Institute (est 1858). In 1907, the library successfully received a grant from United States steel magnate and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie to build a new multi-purpose building, featuring what is now the Brampton Library.

A group of regional farmers in Brampton had trouble getting insurance from city-based companies. After several meetings in Clairville Hall, they decided to found the County of Peel Farmers Mutual Fire Insurance Company. In 1955, the company moved to its third and current location, 103 Queen Street West, and took the new name of Peel Mutual Insurance Company. It reigns as the longest-running company in modern Brampton. Harmsworth Decorating Centre was established in 1890, as Harmsworth and Son, operated out of the family's house on Queen Street West. The current location was purchased on September 1, 1904, after a fire destroyed their original store. Purchased for $1,400, the 24 Main Street South location is the longest-operating retail business in what is now Brampton.

Edward Dale, an immigrant from Dorking, England, established a flower nursery in Brampton[4] shortly after his arrival in 1863.[5] Dale's Nursery became the town's largest[4] and most prominent employer, developed a flower grading system,[5] and established a global export market for its products.[4] The company chimney became a town landmark,[5] until Brampton Town Council allowed it to be torn down in 1977.[5] At its height, the company had 140 greenhouses,[6] and was the largest cut flower business in North America,[7] producing 20 million blooms and introducing numerous rose and orchid varietals and species to the market.[7] It also spurred the development of other nurseries in the town, as the town was once home to 48 hothouse flower nurseries.[5][7]

In 1963, the town established The Flower Festival of Brampton, based on the Rose Festival of Portland, Oregon, and began marketing itself as the Flower Town of Canada.[5] On 24 June 2002 City Council established the "Flower City Strategy",[8][9] to promote a link to its flower-growing heritage.[10] The construction of the Rose Theatre as a cultural institution in the city[5] and annual participation in the Communities in Bloom competition are part of that strategy.

The Old Shoe Factory, located on 57 Mill Street North, was once the home of Hewetson Shoe Company. It was known as a historical property under the Ontario Heritage Act in 2008. Today it is occupied by various small businesses including The Well Being. The lobby and hallways still have the old theme from 1907. Walls are decorated with pictures and artifacts of local Brampton history and old shoe making equipment.[11]

A self-guided historical walking tour of downtown Brampton called, “A Walk Through Time”.,[12] is available at Brampton City Hall and online free of cost.

Neighbouring Bramalea created

Main article: Bramalea, Ontario

Created as an innovative "new town", Bramalea was developed as a separate community, approximately 40 kilometres northwest of Toronto. Located in the former Chinguacousy Township, it was Canada's first satellite community developed by one of the country's largest real estate developers, Bramalea Limited, formerly known as Brampton Leasing. The name "Bramalea" was created by the farmer William Sheard, who combined "BRAM" from Brampton, "MAL" from Malton (then a neighbouring town which is now a part of Mississauga), and "LEA", an Old English word meaning meadow or grassland. He sold the land to Brampton Leasing developers and built one of Bramalea's first houses on Dixie Road across from the former headquarters of Nortel.

The community had an extensive master plan, which included provisions for a parkland trail system and a "downtown", which would include essential services and a shopping centre. The downtown area's centrepiece was the Civic Centre, which included the city hall and library. Directly across Team Canada Drive from the Civic Centre, Bramalea Limited built a shopping centre named Bramalea City Centre. The two centrepieces were connected by a long underground tunnel. This has long since been closed due to safety issues, and urbanists have also found that pedestrians make for livelier streets. Other features included a police station, fire hall, bus terminal, and a collection of seniors' retirement homes.

Each phase of the new city was marked with progressing first letters of street names. Development started with the "A" section, with street names such as Argyle, Avondale, and Aloma. Developer then created a "B" section, "C" section, and so forth. Children on the boundaries of these divisions would regularly compete in street hockey games, pitting, for example, the "D" section versus the "E" section.

The community was initially developed with a large number of recreational facilities, including tennis courts, playgrounds, hockey/lacrosse rinks and swimming pools. An extensive parkland trail and sidewalk system connects the entire city, amplifying what Brampton already had in a smaller scale.

Region of Peel

In 1974, the Ontario government decided to update Peel County's structure. Along with amalgamating a series of villages into the City of Mississauga, the new City of Brampton was created out of the greater portion of the Townships of Chinguacousy and Toronto Gore, including Bramalea and the other communities in those townships. The province converted Peel County into the Regional Municipality of Peel. Brampton retained its role as the administrative centre of Peel Region, which it already had as county seat. The regional council chamber, the Peel Regional Police force, the public health department, and the region's only major museum, the Peel Art Gallery, Museum and Archives, are all located in Brampton.

This move was not met with wholesale approval. Bramptonians feared urban sprawl would dissolve their town's personality. Bramalea residents took pride in the built-from-scratch and organized structure that had come with their new city and did not want to give up their identity. Many people in Bramalea accept they are part of Brampton, and they make up the tri-city area. Brampton, Heart Lake, Bramalea.

In 1972, Bramalea created its civic centre. Two years after it was built, when Brampton and Bramalea merged, the new city's council chambers and other facilities were created in the building. They moved from the town of Brampton's modest downtown locale. The library systems of Brampton and Bramalea became one, creating a system of four locations.

Some have questioned the future of Peel Region as encompassing all of Brampton, Mississauga, and Caledon. Mississauga council, led by Mayor Hazel McCallion, voted in favour of becoming a single-tier municipality and asked the provincial government to be separated from Peel Region. They argued the city has outgrown the need for a regional layer of government, and that Mississauga is being held back by supporting Brampton and Caledon with its municipal taxes.

Development as a city

Chinguacousy and Toronto Gore were two townships incorporated into Brampton mid-way through the twentieth century. The small pine added to the center of the shield on the Brampton city flag represents Chinguacousy, thus continues honouring Chippewa chief Shinguacose, "The Small Pine." From this merger, communities such as Bramalea, Heart Lake and Professor's Lake, Snelgrove, Tullamore, and Mayfield, were formed. Bramalea was annexed into Brampton in 1974. Rural villages, such as Claireville, Ebenezer, Victoria, Springbrook, Churchville, Coleraine, and Huttonville were also merged into the larger city. While only Huttonville and Churchville still exist as identifiable communities, other names like Claireville are re-emerging as names of new developments.

The early 1980s brought new development, as the city released large tracts of land to residential developers. The large new suburban community of Springdale was developed in 1995 and is the area where most of the urban sprawl has taken place. This land began in its largest boom in 1999, when development started to appear as far north as the city's border with Caledon. The region has designated this border as being the line of demarcation for urban development until 2021. However, neighbouring communities not part of Peel have also been massively affected by the city's sudden spurt. The end of Brampton and start of Georgetown, for example, is essentially non-identifiable.

Also in the early 1980s, the Capitol Theatre, then owned by Odeon, closed its doors. The City bought the facility in 1981 under the spearhead of then-councillor Diane Sutter, turning the former movie house and vaudeville venue into a musical and performing arts theatre. It was renamed the Heritage Theatre. In 1983, Toronto consultants Woods Gordon reported to the City that, rather than continue "pouring money" into the Heritage, they should construct a new 750-seat facility. The 2005/06 season was designated as the Heritage theatre's "grand finale" season. The new Rose Theatre opened in September 2006.

Carabram was founded in 1984, after volunteers from different ethnic communities wanted to organize a festival celebrating diversity and cross-cultural friendship. With a name based on Toronto like-event, Caravan Festival of Cultures, Carabram's first event included Italian, Scots, Ukrainian, and West Indian pavilions. By 2003, the fair had 18 pavilions attracting 45,000 visitors. The national government of Canada had an anchor pavilion in the late 1980s and early 1990s. For Carabram's 25th Anniversary in 2009, Canada also had a pavilion.

With a growing multicultural population, the Peel Board of Education introduced evening English as a Second Language (ESL) classes at high schools. Originally taught by volunteers, the classes eventually became daytime courses taught by paid instructors. In the 1980s, the public and Catholic board expanded its languages programs, offering night classes in 23 languages. These were introduced by the urging of parents who wanted their children to learn their ancestral language and heritage. Brampton has a very large South Asian population, which is expected to grow at a high rate.

Spearheaded by then-Mayor Ken Whillans, the early 1990s brought a new city hall to Brampton's downtown. Whillans never got to see the opening of the new City hall because of his death in August of that same year. The move of City hall to downtown sparked a renewed interest by politicians and businesses alike to revitalize the downtown core. The facility was designed by local architects and constructed by Inzola Construction.

The Brampton Fair Grounds were sold in 1992 to the City of Brampton. The Agricultural Society relocated in 1997 to Heart Lake Road and Old School Road (outside the boundaries of the city).

The Health Services Restructuring Commission (HSRC) decided in 1997 that Georgetown and District Memorial Hospital, Etobicoke General Hospital and Peel Memorial Hospital should amalgamate into the William Osler Health Centre. It became what now is the province's 6th largest hospital corporation.

Brampton's 2003 Sesquicentennial celebrations were a booster to community spirit, restarting the tradition of a summer parade (with 100 floats), and creating other initiatives. To commemorate the town's history, the city under Mayor Fennell reintroduced floral projects to the community, including more plantings around town, the restart of the city Parade in 2005, and participation for the last few years in the Canada Communities in Bloom project.

Current events

In early 2006, the Brampton campus of the William Osler Health Centre was renamed Peel Memorial Hospital. It was no longer considered a part of the William Osler family of hospitals. On October 28, 2007, Brampton Civic Hospital opened its doors while Peel Memorial Hospital closed for renovations. Since then, the fate of Peel Memorial has been the subject of controversy. Local residents want the hospital to re-open as an acute-care facility with an emergency department, arguing Brampton Civic Hospital's 479 beds are not sufficient to meet the needs of the fast-growing community.

In September of that year, the Rose Theatre opened its doors in downtown Brampton. By 2008, the facility had attracted over 137,000 patrons, surpassing its five-year goal in its first season. The theatre is also seen as a catalyst for downtown revitalization. Since its opening, new businesses have opened, established businesses have renovated their storefronts and several high-rise condominium projects are either under construction or in the planning phases. In December 2007, the Toronto Star published an article entitled, "Brampton comes alive," which documents the latest in the city's revitalization plans and progress.

In February 2008, the Central West Local Health Integration Network recommended that Peel Memorial be redeveloped to house outpatient services. That would include mental health services, cancer screening, day surgery and non-urgent care.

In May 2012, the Brampton City Council voted unanimously in favour of a secondary bid as a hosting city for the 2015 Pan Am Games being held in Toronto. The initial plan had the City of Brampton as one of the hosting venues for the summer games, however following a venue plan change, the CEO of the organization committee Ian Troop said that changes needed to be made as "the benefits of clustering are that you create economies of scale, the goal for our refined and improved venue plan is to reduce the operational complexities of the event, save costs, deliver an athlete-centred Games that facilitates great performance and create a much richer spectator experience.”

Geography and climate

Brampton has a total land area of 265 square kilometres (102 sq mi). The City of Brampton is bordered by Highway 50 (Vaughan) to the East, Winston Churchill Boulevard (Halton Hills) to the West, Mayfield Road (Caledon) to the north (except for a small neighbourhood, Snelgrove, which is part of Brampton despite extending somewhat north of Mayfield Road) and the hydro corridor (Mississauga) to the south except at Finch Avenue (at this point, Finch Avenue serves as the border between the two cities).

Climate data for Brampton (Lester B. Pearson International Airport)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high Humidex 19.0 14.8 29.2 37.9 42.6 45.0 50.3 46.6 48.0 39.1 28.6 23.9 50.3
Record high °C (°F) 17.6
(63.7)
14.9
(58.8)
25.6
(78.1)
31.1
(88)
34.4
(93.9)
36.7
(98.1)
37.6
(99.7)
38.3
(100.9)
36.7
(98.1)
31.6
(88.9)
25.0
(77)
20.0
(68)
38.3
(100.9)
Average high °C (°F) −1.5
(29.3)
−0.4
(31.3)
4.6
(40.3)
12.2
(54)
18.8
(65.8)
24.2
(75.6)
27.1
(80.8)
26.0
(78.8)
21.6
(70.9)
14.3
(57.7)
7.6
(45.7)
1.4
(34.5)
13.0
(55.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −5.5
(22.1)
−4.5
(23.9)
−0.1
(31.8)
7.1
(44.8)
13.1
(55.6)
18.6
(65.5)
21.5
(70.7)
20.6
(69.1)
16.2
(61.2)
9.5
(49.1)
3.7
(38.7)
−2.2
(28)
8.2
(46.8)
Average low °C (°F) −9.4
(15.1)
−8.7
(16.3)
−4.5
(23.9)
1.9
(35.4)
7.4
(45.3)
13.0
(55.4)
15.8
(60.4)
15.1
(59.2)
10.8
(51.4)
4.6
(40.3)
−0.2
(31.6)
−5.8
(21.6)
3.3
(37.9)
Record low °C (°F) −31.3
(−24.3)
−31.1
(−24)
−28.9
(−20)
−17.2
(1)
−5.6
(21.9)
0.6
(33.1)
3.9
(39)
1.1
(34)
−3.9
(25)
−8.3
(17.1)
−18.3
(−0.9)
−31.1
(−24)
−31.3
(−24.3)
Wind chill −44.7 −38.9 −36.2 −25.4 −9.5 0.0 0.0 0.0 −8.0 −13.5 −25.4 −38.5 −44.7
Precipitation mm (inches) 51.8
(2.039)
47.7
(1.878)
49.8
(1.961)
68.5
(2.697)
74.3
(2.925)
71.5
(2.815)
75.7
(2.98)
78.1
(3.075)
74.5
(2.933)
61.1
(2.406)
75.1
(2.957)
57.9
(2.28)
785.9
(30.941)
Rainfall mm (inches) 25.1
(0.988)
24.3
(0.957)
32.6
(1.283)
63.0
(2.48)
74.3
(2.925)
71.5
(2.815)
75.7
(2.98)
78.1
(3.075)
74.5
(2.933)
60.6
(2.386)
68.0
(2.677)
34.0
(1.339)
681.6
(26.835)
Snowfall cm (inches) 29.5
(11.61)
24.0
(9.45)
17.7
(6.97)
4.5
(1.77)
0.02
(0.008)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.4
(0.16)
7.5
(2.95)
24.9
(9.8)
108.5
(42.72)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 15.1 11.6 12.4 12.5 12.5 10.8 10.4 10.2 10.5 12.1 13.2 14.8 145.9
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 5.4 4.6 7.4 11.3 12.5 10.8 10.4 10.2 10.5 12.0 11.0 7.1 113.2
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 12.1 9.4 6.8 2.4 0.03 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 3.4 10.0 44.4
 % humidity 80.8 79.3 78.1 75.4 77.2 79.8 81.9 85.7 87.4 85.2 83.3 81.8 81.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 79.7 112.2 159.4 204.4 228.2 249.7 294.4 274.5 215.7 163.7 94.2 86.2 2,161.4
Percent possible sunshine 27.6 38.0 43.2 50.8 50.1 54.1 63.0 63.4 57.4 47.8 32.0 30.9 46.5
Source: Environment Canada[13]

Demographics

Visible minority and Aboriginal population (Canada 2006 Census)
Population group Population  % of total population
White 182,760 42.3%
Visible minority group
Source:[14]
South Asian 136,750 31.7%
Black 53,340 12.4%
Filipino 11,980 2.8%
Latin American 8,545 2%
Chinese 7,805 1.8%
Southeast Asian 6,130 1.4%
West Asian 2,875 0.7%
Korean 580 0.1%
Japanese 545 0.1%
Visible minority, n.i.e. 8,900 2.1%
Multiple visible minority 6,095 1.4%
Total visible minority population 246,150 57%
Aboriginal group
Source:[15]
First Nations 1,620 0.4%
Métis 785 0.2%
Inuit 45 0%
Aboriginal, n.i.e. 140 0%
Multiple Aboriginal identity 75 0%
Total Aboriginal population 2,665 0.6%
Total population 431,575 100%
[16][17]
[18][19]

Religion

Some 67.78 percent of Brampton claimed various Christian denominations. The largest was Catholicism (35.11%), followed by various Protestant denominations Anglican, United Church, Lutheran, Baptist, Reformed at (27.96%), while the remaining numbers of Christians (4.70%) consists mostly of the Eastern Orthodox rite. Other religions with a notable presence include Sikhism (10.63%), Hinduism (5.43%), and Islam (3.53%). The Toronto Temple for The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormon) stands in Brampton. ≤/articles/Toronto_Ontario_Temple≥ More than 10 percent of the population does not identify with a particular religion.[20]

Population growth

With a population of 523,911,[2] Brampton is the third-largest city in the Greater Toronto Area, and the ninth largest city in Canada. With the median age at 33.7, it is the youngest community in the GTA. Due to a number of converging factors including an exponential rise in the cost of real estate within the city and high property and corporate taxes.

Brampton, with its proximity to the Pearson International Airport and road infrastructure, population growth, cost of land, and more favourable corporate tax structure, has become a prime location for corporate head offices, factories, warehouses, etc., as well as the typical domestic goods and services required to provide for the population.

Languages

The 2011 census found that English was spoken as mother tongue by 51.7% of the population. The next most common language was Punjabi, spoken by 17.5% of the population, followed by Urdu at 2.8%, and Portuguese and Gujarati at 2.1% each.[21]

Mother tongue Population Percentage
English 269,790 51.7%
Punjabi (Panjabi) 91,345 17.5%
Urdu 14,580 2.8%
Portuguese 11,095 2.1%
Gujarati 11,040 2.1%
Spanish 10,225 1.9%
Hindi 10,060 1.9%
Tamil 9,530 1.8%
Tagalog (Filipino, Pilipino) 8,785 1.7%
Italian 7,990 1.5%

Economy

Companies with headquarters in Brampton include Loblaw Companies Ltd.[22]

Its current largest employers are Rogers Communications Inc., Chrysler Canada Brampton Assembly Plant, Loblaw Companies Ltd., Maple Lodge Farms, Canadian Tire Corp, Zellers (offices and distribution), Coca-Cola Bottling Company Ltd., Gamma-Dynacare Medical Laboratories, and Olymel L.P.. Loblaws, Maple Lodge and Zellers presence in the city includes their Canadian head office, national headquarters in the city include Bacardi, Brita, and Clorox. The city is home to Canadian Forces Army Reserve unit The Lorne Scots (Peel, Dufferin and Halton Regiment).

Major companies in Brampton include: IKO Industries, Best Buy (and Future Shop), Brafasco, The Clorox Company, Ford, Rogers Communications, Nortel, Para Paints, Coca Cola Bottling Co., Nestlé, Chrysler Canada Ltd., Maple Lodge Farms, Sofina Foods Inc, Hudson's Bay Company (HBC), Frito Lay Canada, MDA Space Missions, Parkinson Coach Line and Canadian Tire.

An automobile manufacturing facility was opened by American Motors (AMC) in 1960 as the Brampton Assembly Plant. In 1986, AMC developed a new, state-of-the-art operation at another location and called it "Bramalea Assembly". After AMC was acquired by Chrysler in 1987, AMC's Canadian division and its plants in the area (Brampton and Bramalea) were absorbed with the older facility closing in 1992. The newest factory was renamed Brampton Assembly and it became one of Brampton's largest employers with over 4,200 workers when running at capacity.

Education

Brampton's only public higher education institution is Sheridan College, which also has a campus in Oakville. Founded in 1967, the local campus focuses on business training, compared to its Oakville branch, which is the second largest school of Art and Design in North America. Algoma @ Brampton offers some courses at Market Square Business Centre at 24 Queen Street East.

In Brampton there are two main school boards. One is the Peel District School Board, which operates secular Anglophone public schools, and the other is Dufferin-Peel Catholic District School Board, which operates Catholic Anglophone public schools. Under the Peel District School Board, the secondary schools are Bramalea, Brampton Centennial, Central Peel, Chinguacousy, Fletcher's Meadow, Harold M. Brathwaite, Heart Lake, Louise Arbour, Mayfield, North Park, Judith Nyman, Sandalwood Heights, Turner Fenton, David Suzuki, and one of the newest being Castlebrook Secondary School. There are also 85 elementary and middle schools that feed these high schools in the city.

Under the Dufferin-Peel Catholic District School Board, the secondary schools are Cardinal Leger, Holy Name of Mary, Notre Dame, St. Augustine, St. Edmund Campion, St. Roch, St. Marguerite d'Youville, St. Thomas Aquinas, and Cardinal Ambrozic Secondary Schools There are 44 elementary and middle schools that feed these high schools in the city.

The Conseil scolaire Viamonde operates secular Francophone schools serving the area. The Conseil scolaire de district catholique Centre-Sud operates Catholic Francophone schools serving the area.

The Peel District School Board offers a wide range of educational programs offered from the middle school to the high school level. Turner Fenton Secondary School for example, offers programs to their students such as French Immersion and the International Baccalaureate Program. The IB program is also offered as an IB middle years program (IBMYP) which is known to be an intro to the high school program to prep their students allowing the transition from middle school to high school to university to be as smooth as possible.

Heritage and Culture


There are several cultural entities in the city under the umbrella of the Brampton Arts Council. These include Visual Arts Brampton, the Brampton Historical Society and the Brampton Symphony Orchestra. Also in the city is the Peel Art Gallery, Museum and Archives (PAMA, formerly the Peel Heritage Complex), which is run by the Region of Peel.

The Rose Theatre (originally the Brampton Performing Arts Centre), billed as "a cultural and tourist destination that will attract significant new business to surrounding restaurants, shops and services", opened in September 2006. The City says that the facilities are expected to generate $2.7 million in economic activity the first year and grow to $19.8 million by the fifth year. Despite some cynicism, the Rose Theatre attracted over 137,000 patrons in its inaugural year, surpassing its original five-year goal. Since then, numerous new businesses have opened in the vicinity of the theatre and its Garden Square, where a new Fountain Stage was unveiled in June 2008.

Brampton has six libraries to serve its half-million residents. At one library per over 80,000 residents, it is the lowest library ratio among major Canadian cities.

The City of Brampton's long-standing Ontario Heritage Trust. In 2010 the City received an 'honourable mention' under the same provincial awards program.

Sites of interest

Major shopping areas include Bramalea City Centre, Shoppers World, and "big box centre" Trinity Common Mall. The downtown area has some retail, the Centennial Mall and the Brampton Mall are also of note.

Media

Main article: Media in Peel

Brampton was one of the first areas Rogers Cable offered its service in. As a result, it started a community access channel in the 1970s, which is still operational today. While some programs on the channel are produced in their Brampton studios, most are headquartered out of their Mississauga location.

The Brampton Guardian is the community's only newspaper after Brampton's original newspaper, The Daily Times, stopped circulation in the early 1980s. For a little over a year, The Brampton Bulletin attempted to challenge the Guardian, but it was dismantled after a series of editor changes.

Brampton is also the official city of license for two radio stations, CIAO and CFNY, although both stations target their programming toward the entire Greater Toronto Area rather than exclusively to Brampton.

Sports and recreation

Main article: Sports in Brampton, Ontario
Sports teams of Brampton
Club League Sport Venue Established Championships
Brampton Capitals Ontario Provincial Junior A Hockey League hockey Brampton Memorial Arena 1984 4
Bramalea Blues Ontario Provincial Junior A Hockey League hockey Powerade Centre 1972 1
Brampton Excelsiors Major Series Lacrosse Senior "A" Lacrosse League. lacrosse Powerade Centre 1912 30
Brampton Thunder Canadian Women's Hockey League hockey Powerade Centre 1999 0
Junior Excelsiors OLA Junior A Lacrosse League lacrosse Brampton Memorial Arena 1971 4
Brampton Royals Central Ontario Baseball Association Baseball Dave Dash Memorial Field 1948 3
Brampton United Canadian Soccer League Soccer Victoria Park 2002 1
Brampton Daredevils Cricket Club EDCL Cricket Creditview A 2010
1

There are many sporting venues and activities, including the outdoor ice path for skating through Gage Park and the ski lift at Chinguacousy Park. Chinguacousy Park also has as a Curling Club and Tennis Centre. In the summer, amateur softball leagues abound, and crowds line the beaches at Professor's Lake for the annual outdoor shagging display.

Every year since 1967, the Brampton Canadettes have hosted the Brampton Canadettes Easter Tournament.[23] Women's and girls' hockey teams invade Brampton for 3½ days of head-to-head competition. Teams of all ages and categories from across Canada and the United States compete in this annual tournament. Teams from England, Switzerland, Japan, Kazakhstan and Russia attend this international tournament. Thousands of players and spectators pass through the doors during the tournament. There is no limit on the number of teams in a division.

The Intermediate AA and Midget AA divisions are highly scouted by local and United States colleges and universities seeking recruits for varsity teams. Teams from as far as Alaska and Calgary, Quebec and Carolina, Michigan and Minnesota, as well as virtually all hockey centres in Ontario, will compete in a minimum of 3 games each over the course of the tournament. Including championship finals, over 600 games are played in just 3½ days. For the best in hockey tournament competition, Brampton is second-to-none in the world of women's and girls' hockey.

Infrastructure

Health and medicine

Courts

Grenville & William Davis Courthouse, Ontario Court of Justice, is located in Brampton at 7755 Hurontario Street (Hurontario Street at County Court).

Transportation

Public transit

Main articles: Brampton Transit and GO Transit

Local transit is provided by Brampton Transit, with connections to other systems such as Mississauga Transit, York Region Transit, Go Transit, and Toronto Transit Commission. Brampton also has a new Bus Rapid Transit system, "Züm" (pronounced Zoom), previously known as AcceleRide along Main St./Hurontario, Steeles Avenue and Queen Streets, which would form the backbone to its bus network. Züm received funding from the provincial government in 2006 to begin implementation of this system. The cash fare is $3.50 for single adult transfer, which is valid for 2 hours.

There is GO Bus service to York University and subway stations at Yorkdale Mall and York Mills in Toronto. There are three GO Train stations in Brampton: Bramalea, Brampton and Mount Pleasant.

Rail

Both Canadian National Railways and the Orangeville-Brampton Railway short line (formerly part of the Canadian Pacific Railway line) run through the city, CN's Intermodal Yards are located east of Airport Road between Steeles and the former Highway 7/Queen Street East. The CN Track from Toronto's Union Station, is the Georgetown GO Transit Rail Corridor providing commuter rail and bus services to and from Toronto with rail station stops at Bramalea, Downtown Brampton, and Mount Pleasant. Via Rail connects through Brampton as part of the Quebec City-Windsor Corridor.

Air

Canada's busiest airport, Toronto Pearson International Airport (CYYZ), is located near Brampton, in Mississauga.[24] For general aviation the city is served by the privately owned Brampton Airport (CNC3), located to the north of the city in neighbouring Caledon.

Road

Brampton is served by several major transportation routes: Highway 401 from Toronto is a short distance south in Mississauga, and can be reached by Highway 410, which runs north-south through the middle of the city. Highway 407 runs along the southern portion of the city, just north of the boundary with Mississauga. Steeles Avenue, which runs north of the 407, is another thoroughfare from Toronto. The former Highway 7 (now Regional Road 107 in Brampton) is another east-west corridor, (actually two, as it incorporates the eastern part of Queen Street and the western part of Bovaird Drive).

Notable Bramptonians

Main article: List of people from Brampton

Only three Bramptonians have ever received the Order of Canada: Robert William Bradford, C.M., former Director of the National Aviation Museum; Michael F. Clarke, C.M., M.Div., director at Evergreen, the Yonge Street Mission's centre for street youth in Toronto; and William G. Davis, P.C., C.C., Q.C., B.A., LL.D., former Premier of Ontario, who helped with negotiations leading to the repatriation of the Constitution, and in retirement became Canada's Special Envoy on Acid Rain.

Sports

Politics

Three Canadian premiers got their start in Brampton; Premiers T.C. Norris and Howard Pawley OC of Manitoba, and "Brampton Billy", Ontario premier William Grenville Davis CC. Other notable politicians include John Coyne, and Conservative opposition leader Gordon Graydon. Alberta politician and businessman Sir James A. Lougheed was born in Brampton, before serving 30 years in Senate, including as Leader of the Opposition in the Senate, as was Regina mayor David Lynch Scott.

President of the Treasury Board Tony Clement spent time as a Brampton MPP. John McDermid held various cabinet positions under Brian Mulroney, Bal Gosal is Minister of State-Sport and Linda Jeffrey is currently Ontario Minister of Natural Resources.

Ruby Dhalla represented the riding of Brampton—Springdale in the Canadian House of Commons from 2004-2011 as a member of the Liberal Party. Dhalla and British Columbia Conservative MP Nina Grewal were the first Sikh women to serve in the Canadian House of Commons.

Arts

Authors living or born in Brampton include Rohinton Mistry, Christine Cristiano, Stephanie Pearl-McPhee, author and knitter,[26] and Edo Van Belkom.

Visual arts notables from Brampton include Curtis Albert Williamson, nicknamed 'The Canadian Rembrandt' and co-founder of the Canadian Art Club (1907),[27] etcher Caroline Helena Armington,[28] Ronald Bloore, Member of the Order of Canada; Organizer and member of the "Regina Five",(1960)[29] watercolourist Jack Reid, and William Ronald, who was raised in town. Conrad Mieschke, Norman Mills Price.

Within animation and cartooning David Feiss, creator of Cow and Chicken and I Am Weasel, was raised in town, as was Jay Stephens, the cartoonist who created Tutenstein and The Secret Saturdays.

Music acts from Brampton include R&B singer Keshia Chanté, country singer Johnny Reid, "Metal Queen" Lee Aaron, pop singer Alyssa Reid, and rapper D-Pryde. Champion yodeler and country music artist Donn Reynolds established 2 yodeling world records[30] while residing in Brampton from 1969 to 1997.

While she does not live in Brampton, Deepa Mehta's 2008 film Heaven on Earth is set in town.[31]

Film, Television, & Comedy

Two notable comedians hail from Brampton, Scott Thompson and Russell Peters. Thompson, one of the first openly gay television personalities in Canada, was part of The Kids in the Hall comedy troupe. Peters is an increasingly popular stand-up comedian who was raised in town, and later moved back. After winning a Gemini Award for his Comedy Now! special, he has relocated to Hollywood.

Comedic actor Michael Cera was born and raised in Brampton. He was a regular on the television series Arrested Development, and starred in the movies Superbad and Juno. Cera also starred in Scott Pilgrim vs. the World in which Brampton is mentioned as an in-joke. Shawn Ashmore (X-Men movie series, Terry Fox in Terry) and his twin brother Aaron Ashmore (Smallville) are Brampton-raised. Tyler Labine locally raised actor is currently the star of (Mad Love). Alan Thicke also hailed from Brampton.

Other Brampton-born or affiliated actors include Paulo Costanzo (Joey, Royal Pains), Jordan Gavaris of Unnatural History and Orphan Black fame, Gemini Award winner Kris Lemche (Emily of New Moon) and his younger brother Matt Lemche (The Boondock Saints II: All Saints Day), Sabrina Grdevich (Traders), Nicole Lyn (Student Bodies, married to Dulé Hill), film director Mark Penney, and David Phillips (Shark City, Green Guys), Gemini Award-winner George R. Robertson (Police Academy).

Of those best known as voice actors, Brenna O'Brien (InuYasha, Zixx: Level Two). On-air media personalities Cassie Campbell, Chris Connor, Chris Cuthbert and Scott McGillivray have connections to the town.

Sister cities

China Benxi, China[32]
China Fengcheng, China[32]
Philippines Marikina City, Philippines[33]
United States Plano, Texas, USA

See also

Toronto portal


References

Notes

External links

  • City of Brampton official website

Local media

  • The Brampton Guardian, community newspaper
  • The Brampton News, online-only news source
  • Rogers Community Cable Brampton, television station
  • Javed, Noor. "Toronto Star. Wednesday December 5, 2007.
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