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Borsodi Liga

Nemzeti Bajnokság I
File:OTP Bank Liga logo.png
Country  Hungary
Confederation UEFA
Founded 1901
Number of teams 16
Levels on pyramid 1
Relegation to National Championship II
Domestic cup(s) Hungarian Cup
Hungarian SuperCup
League cup(s) Hungarian League Cup
International cup(s) Champions League
UEFA Europa League
Current champions Győri ETO FC (4 titles)
(2012–13)
Most championships Ferencváros (28 titles)
TV partners M1 & Sport1, Sport2 (live matches)
M2 & Sport2, SportM (highlights)
Website http://www.mlsz.hu/
2013–14 Nemzeti Bajnokság I

The Nemzeti Bajnokság is a Hungarian professional league for association football clubs. The league is currently known as the OTP Bank Liga for sponsorship reasons,[1] and it is the highest level of professional league since its inception in 1901. UEFA currently ranks the league 29th in Europe.[2]

Sixteen teams compete in the league, playing each other twice, once at home and once away. At the end of the season, the top team enters the qualification for the UEFA Champions League, while the runner-up and the third placed, together with the winner of the Hungarian Cup enters the UEFA Europa League qualification round. The bottom two clubs are relegated to NB2, the second-level league, to be replaced by the winners of NB2-Nyugati csoport (West) and NB2-Keleti csoport (East).

History

The 1900s - The foundation and the early years

On 19 January 1901, the Hungarian Football Federation was founded. The first match was played between Budapest TC and Budapest SC in the first Hungarian League in 1901. The first championship included five teams such as Budapesti TC, Magyar Úszóegylet, Ferencváros, MAFC (was withdrawn after four matches), and Budapesti SC and the championship was won by Budapesti TC. Budapesti TC won the championships by winning eight out of eight matches and scoring 37 goals and with only 5 goals against. Interestingly, only teams from the capital city were competing in the first championship. Although the two first championships were won by Budapesti TC, the 1900s was the beginning of the rivalry between Ferencváros and MTK Budapest. Ferencváros won the championship in 1903, 1905, 1907, and 1909. MTK Budapest won the championship in 1904, 1908.

The 1910s - Ferencváros and MTK rivalry

In the 1910s the rivalry between Ferencváros and MTK Budapest continued. Ferencváros won the championship in 1910, 1911, 1912, 1913. The season 1914-15 and 1915-16 were suspended due to the World War I. MTK Budapest dominated the second half of the 1910s by winning the championship in 1914, 1917, 1918 and 1919. During the 1910s Imre Schlosser became top goal scorer seven times who played for both Ferencváros and MTK Budapest. Schlosser has third position in all-time Hungarian league scorers and has the most of "the best goalscorer" titles.

The 1920s - Ferencváros and MTK rivalry 2

The 1920s were also dominated by Ferencváros and MTK. MTK ruled the early 1920s by winning the championship in 1920, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1925 and 1929. The second half of the 1920s was ruled by Ferencváros by winning the championship in 1926, 1927, and 1928. Ferencváros's József Takács became top goalscorer four times during the 1920s becoming the second icon for the club. MTK was led by György Orth who became top goalscorer three times in the 1920s.

The 1930s - Újpest's era

In the 1930s, the rivalry between Ferencváros and MTK expanded with another club from Budapest, Újpest FC. Újpest won its first title in 1930, which was followed by four titles in 1931, 1933, 1935 and 1939. Ferencváros also could win four titles in the 1930s by winning the championship in 1932, 1934, 1938 and 1940. MTK won the championship in 1936 and 1937. One of the most iconic figure of the 1930s Hungarian football was Újpest's Gyula Zsengellér who managed to top goalscorer three times in a row in the 1930s. Ferencváros's György Sárosi and MTK's László Cseh and Újpest's Gyula Zsengellér were the embodiment of the rivalry of the three clubs from Budapest.

The 1940s

In the 1940s, Csepel could win its first title which was followed by two other titles in 1942 and 1943. During the World War II there were no interruptions in the Hungarian league. Due to the expansion of the territories of the country, new clubs could re-join the league such as Nagyvárad and Kolozsvár. Consequently, Nagyvárad could win the championship and becoming the first champion of the Hungarian League which is not based in Hungary at the moment. The second half of the 1940s was dominated by Újpest by winning the championship in 1945, 1946 and 1947. Ferencváros also could win two trophies during the 1940s one in 1941 and 1949.

The 1950s - Ferenc Puskás and Honvéd

In the 1950s, the dominance of Ferencváros and MTK weakened by the emergence of Honvéd with players such as Ferenc Puskás, József Bozsik, Zoltán Czibor and László Budai. Later these players played in the final of the 1954 FIFA World Cup. In the 1950s, Honvéd could win the championship five times. During the early 1950s, Honvéd players formed the backbone of the legendary Mighty Magyars. In 1956 the Hungarian league was suspended due to the Hungarian Revolution. The league was led by Honvéd after 21 rounds but the championship has never been finished. In the first season (1955-56) of the European Cup, MTK Budapest reached the quarter-finals while in the 1957-58 season Vasas Budapest played in the semi-finals of the European Cup.

The 1960s and international successes

In the 1960s, the rivalry between the clubs from Budapest expanded with Vasas. Vasas could win four titles in the 1960s (1961, 1962, 1965 and 1966). Ferencváros also could win four titles during the 1960s (1963, 1964, 1967, and 1968). Ferencváros was led by Flórián Albert who became top goal scorer in 1965 and also was named European Footballer of the Year in 1967. The 1960s can be considered as the most successful period of the Hungarian clubs on international turf. In 1965 Ferencváros became the most successful team of the Hungarian League in the European competitions having won the 1964-65 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup. Ferencváros beat Spartak Brno, Wiener Sport-Club, Roma, Athletic Bilbao and Manchester United. In the one-leg final Ferencváros beat Juventus 1-0 in Turin, Italy. In the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup 1967-68 Ferencváros could reach the finals again, however they were defeated by Leeds United. In addition, Flórián Albert was named European Footballer of the Year in 1967. He is the most successful Ferencváros since the formation of the club, scoring 255 goals in 351 matches from 1958–74. In the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup 1968-69 Újpest reached the final by beating US Luxembourg, Aris Thessaloniki, Legia Warsaw, Leeds United and Göztepe. However, they lost to Newcastle United in the finals. The Hungarian clubs were one of the most successful ones in the European Cup Winners' Cup in the 1960s due to the triumphs of MTK Budapest (playing in the final of the 1963-64 season), Újpest (playing in the semi-finals of the 1961-62 season), Budapest Honvéd (reaching the quarter-finals of the 1965-66 season), and Győr (reaching the quarter-finals of the 1966-67 season).

The 1970s - Újpest's second reign

The 1970s is associated with Lajos Baróti's Újpest since the club could win seven titles (in 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1978 and 1979). In the 1973-74 European Cup season Újpest reached the semi-finals where Bayern Munich stopped their campaign. The key of the Magic Újpest was famous forward formation of Fazekas, Göröcs, Bene, Dunai II, Zámbó. Ferenc Bene became the leader of Újpest and also top goalscorer three times in the 1970s. He also led the Hungarian national football team to win the 1964 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, Japan. Újpest set new post-war records by scoring 500 goals in the seven seasons or losing only 4 home matches in 10 seasons. Törőcsik and Fekete joined Újpest after Göröcs, Bene and Dunai left the team. In 1978 and 1979 they won the Hungarian title again with former player Pál Várhidi as the head coach. The Újpest fans called Törökcsik (or Törö) as the 'magician' since he was able to make unbelieveble dribbles, unexpected assists to teammates. László Fekete won the European Silver shoe.

The 1980s - Honvéd's second golden age and Videoton's UEFA cup final

In 1982 Győr won the championship becoming the first non-Budapest team who could win the Hungarian league (except Nagyvárad during the World War II). Győr could repeat the triumph in the following year in 1983. However, the 1980s was dominated by Honvéd who celebrated its second heyday during the 1980s. The former legend Lajos Tichy's Honvéd could win the championship five times in the 1980s (1984, 1985, 1986, 1988 and 1989). Honvéd's second golden team included players such as Lajos Détári, Kálmán Kovács, Béla Illés and Gábor Halmai. However, in the European Cup Honvéd could not perform well. In the 1980-81, 1985-86, 1989-90 seasons they were eliminated in the second round, while in the 1984-85, 1986-87, 1988-89, 1989-90 seasons in the first round. The only successes were delivered by Újpest in the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup in the 1983-84 season and by Videoton in the 1984-85 UEFA Cup. Újpest were eliminated by Aberdeen in the quarter-finals of European Cup Winners' Cup while Videton reached the finals of the UEFA Cup which has been considered the last achievement of the Hungarian clubs on international turf. Videoton were defeated by Real Madrid in Székesfehérvár by 3-0, however the Hungarian club could win in the Santiago Bernabeu by 1-0. The Hungarian national team with players like Tibor Nyilasi, Lázár Szentes, Lajos Détári, József Kiprich and Kálmán Kovács qualified for the FIFA World Cup 1982 and FIFA World Cup 1986. Since then the national team has not been able to qualify for any international tournaments.

The 1990s

Due to the collapse of the Communist era the Hungarian football clubs lost the support of the state. Therefore, many clubs faced with financial problems which effects are still present in the Hungarian football. However, the 1990s were still dominated by the 'traditional' clubs of the championships such Ferencváros, MTK, Újpest. The financial problems affected the performance of the clubs outside the Hungarian League as well. Hungarian clubs could not compete with the European counterparts. Moreover, the Bosman ruling also had a deep impact on the Hungarian League. Since big European clubs could invest loads of money into football, clubs from the Eastern Bloc were restricted to employ only home nationals.
Honvéd could win two titles (1991 and 1993). Ferencváros won three titles in the 1990s (1992, 1995, 1996). During the 1990s the other giant club from Budapest, Újpest could win only one title in 1998. Surprisingly, the 1993-94 season was won by a provincial town Vác lead by János Csank. The biggest international success of the 1990s was delivered by Dezső Novák's Ferencváros who qualified for the UEFA Champions League 1995-96 season after beating the Belgian champion Anderlecht in the play-offs of the Champions League. The spectators of the Albert Stadion could see the Spanish giant Real Madrid who drew with Ferencváros at home, the Dutch Ajax Amsterdam and the Swiss Grasshoppers. Ferencváros won only one match of the six beating the Swiss team 3-0 away. The backbone of this Ferencváros team was formed by players like Krisztián Lisztes, Tibor Simon, János Hrutka and Ottó Vincze.

The 2000s - The fall of Budapest


The 2000s resulted a new era in the history of the Nemzeti Bajnokság. The dominance of the Budapest clubs was over and new teams emerged. In the 2000s six titles were won by non-Budapest based clubs, while only four titles were won by clubs from the capital city. In 2000 Sándor Egervári's Dunaújváros, while in 2002 Péter Bozsik's Zalaegerszeg won the championship.[3][4] Zalaegerszeg also made a notable debut in the Champions League by beating Manchester United F.C. 1-0 at the Puksás Ferenc Stadium, although they lost on aggregate. The second half of the 2000s was dominated by club from Hajdú-Bihar County, called Debrecen. They won the Hungarian title in 2005,[5] 2006,[6][7] 2007,[8][9] 2009[10][11][12] and 2010.[13][14]

Debrecen was the only club who proved to be successful outside the Hungarian League. After several trials in the Champions League, Debrecen qualified for the group stages of the Champions League 2009–10 season by beating Kalmar, Levadia, and Levski in the play-offs.[15] Consequently, the whole country was in excitement to see Champions League matches including teams like Liverpool, Lyonnais, and Fiorentina. Given the fact that the Stadion Oláh Gábor Út did not meet the UEFA requirements, all of the Champions League matches had to be played at the Puskás Ferenc Stadium in Budapest. Football fans all over Hungary gathered together in order to support the new Hungarian miracle, the team of Debrecen. In the following year András Herczeg's Debrecen qualified for the group stages of the Europa League 2010-11 season after being eliminated from the third round of the UEFA Champions League 2010-11 qualification and being able to beat Litex Lovech in the play-offs of the Europa League. The group stages resulted a very delicate match against Balázs Dzsudzsák's PSV Eindhoven, who formerly transferred from Debrecen to the Dutch club. Debrecen could beat Hungarian Vladimir Koman's Sampdoria by 2-0. As far as the Budapest clubs are concerned, both MTK and Ferencváros won two titles each during the 2000s. MTK won in (2003 and 2008),[16] while Ferencváros in 2001 and 2004.

The 2010s

On 6 July 2010, Sándor Csányi was elected as the Hungarian FA president.[17] The 2010-11 season was won by the Székesfehérvár based club Videoton.[18][19] The biggest surprise was Paks's second place in the 2010-11 season. On 12 May 2012, Debrecen beat Pécs at home by 4-0 which resulted the sixth title for the Hajdús.[20] Surprisingly enough the six-time champion Vasas Budapest were relegated after losing to Paks in the 28th round. In addition, the MLSZ deprived them of 2 points due to transfer issues.

Criticism

In the last couple of years the Nemzeti Bajnokság was reshaped artificially. Clubs such as Videoton, Ferencváros Debrecen and Győr received financial aids from the Hungarian government which resulted their dominance in the Hungarian League. The main aim of the financial aids were to create three-four clubs who can compete successfully at international level.

The "Big Three" dominance

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 id:Ferencváros   value:green          legend:Ferencváros_(28)
 id:Győr          value:white          legend:Győr_(4)
 id:Zalaegerszeg  value:oceanblue      legend:Zalaegerszeg_(1)
 id:MTK           value:brightblue     legend:MTK_Budapest_(23)
 id:Debrecen      value:red            legend:Debrecen_(6)
 id:Videoton      value:darkblue       legend:Videoton_(1)
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BackgroundColors = canvas:canvas Legend = orientation:vertical columns:1 top:70 left: 45 PlotData =

 shift:(20,2)
 mark:(line,linemark)
 anchor:from
 from:2000 till:2001 text:"102th Ferencváros 27" color:Ferencváros
 from:2001 till:2002 text:"103th Zalaegerszeg 1" color:Zalaegerszeg
 from:2002 till:2003 text:"104th MTK Budapest 22" color:MTK 
 from:2003 till:2004 text:"105th Ferencváros 28" color:Ferencváros
 from:2004 till:2005 text:"106th Debrecen 1" color:Debrecen
 from:2005 till:2006 text:"107th Debrecen 2" color:Debrecen
 from:2006 till:2007 text:"108th Debrecen 3" color:Debrecen
 from:2007 till:2008 text:"109th MTK Budapest 23" color:MTK 
 from:2008 till:2009 text:"110th Debrecen 4" color:Debrecen
 from:2009 till:2010 text:"111th Debrecen 5" color:Debrecen
 from:2010 till:2011 text:"112th Videoton 1" color:Videoton
 from:2011 till:2012 text:"113th Debrecen 6" color:Debrecen
 from:2012 till:2013 text:"114th Győr 4" color:Győr
 
Season DEB VID GYR
2004-05 1 8 5
2005-06 1 3 9
2006-07 1 6 13
2007-08 2 5 3
2008-09 1 8 1 6
2009-10 1 2 3
2010-11 5 1 9
2011-12 1 2 3
2012-13 5 2 1
Notes
  • Note 1: as FC Fehérvár

The Golden Star

In the Hungarian League three teams include two stars as part of their crest appearing on their shirt to represent the trophies won by the club. After ten Hungarian League titles the club can include one star on their crest. There are four clubs who are entitled to wear one or two stars on their crest. MTK was the first club who celebrated its 10th title in 1922, but at that time the clubs did not put stars on their badge. It was also MTK who was first entitled to wear the second star in 1997. Now there are three clubs (MTK, Ferencváros and Újpest) with two stars and one club (Honvéd) with one star.

Stars Club Obtained
MTK Budapest 1923, 1997
Ferencváros 1927, 1967
Újpest 1969, 1998
Budapest Honvéd 1988

Name changes and sponsorship

The league went through various name changes depending on the sponsor for the given season(s):

Year Name Sponsor
1997–1998 Raab-Karcher NB1 Raab-Karcher
1998–2000 Professzionális Nemzeti Bajnokság None
2001–2003 Borsodi Liga Borsodi
2003–2005 Arany Ászok Liga Arany Ászok
2005–2007 Borsodi Liga Borsodi
2007–2010 Soproni Liga Soproni sör
2010–2011 Monicomp liga Monicomp
2011- OTP Bank Liga OTP Bank

Hungarian National Championship Clubs 2013-14

Club
Home ground Position
in 2012–13
Budapest Honvéd FC Bozsik Stadion, Budapest 3rd
Debreceni VSC Stadion Oláh Gábor Út, Debrecen 6th
Diósgyőri VTK DVTK Stadion, Miskolc 10th
Ferencvárosi TC Stadion Albert Flórián, Budapest 5th
Győri ETO FC Stadion ETO, Győr 1st
Kaposvári Rákóczi FC Stadion Kaposvár Rákoczi, Kaposvár 11th
Kecskeméti TE Széktói Stadion, Kecskemét 7th
Lombard-Pápa TFC Stadion Várkerti, Pápa 14th
Mezőkövesd-Zsóry SE Mezőkövesdi Városi Stadion, Mezőkövesd 1st, NBII East
MTK Budapest FC Hidegkuti Nándor Stadium, Budapest 4th
Paksi SE Stadion PSE, Paks 13th
Pécsi Mecsek FC Stadium of Újmecsekalja, Pécs 12th
Puskás FC Felcsúti Sportkomplexum, Felcsút 1st, NBII West
Szombathelyi Haladás Rohonci úti Stadion, Szombathely 8th
Újpest FC Szusza Ferenc Stadium, Budapest 9th
Videoton FC Stadion Sóstói, Székesfehérvár 2nd

Previous winners

Main article: List of Hungarian football champions
Year Champions
(number of titles)
Year Champions
(number of titles)
Year Champions
(number of titles)
1901 Budapesti TC 1940-41 Ferencváros (16) 1977-78 Újpest (17)
1902 Budapesti TC (2) 1941-42 Csepel 1978-79 Újpest (18)
1903 Ferencváros 1942-43 Csepel (2) 1979-80 Budapest Honvéd (6)
1904 MTK Budapest 1943-44 Nagyvárad 1980-81 Ferencváros (23)
1905 Ferencváros (2) 1945 Újpest (6) 1981-82 Győr (2)
1906-07 Ferencváros (3) 1945-46 Újpest (7) 1982-83 Győr (3)
1907-08 MTK Budapest (2) 1946-47 Újpest (8) 1983-84 Budapest Honvéd (7)
1908-09 Ferencváros (4) 1947-48 Csepel (3) 1984-85 Budapest Honvéd (8)
1909-10 Ferencváros (5) 1948-49 Ferencváros (17) 1985-86 Budapest Honvéd (9)
1910-11 Ferencváros (6) 1949-50 Budapest Honvéd 1986-87 MTK Budapest (19)
1911-12 Ferencváros (7) 1950 Budapest Honvéd (2) 1987-88 Budapest Honvéd (10)
1912-13 Ferencváros (8) 1951 MTK Budapest (16) 1988-89 Budapest Honvéd (11)
1913-14 MTK Budapest (3) 1952 Budapest Honvéd (3) 1989-90 Újpest (19)
1914-15 Suspended 1953 MTK Budapest (17) 1990-91 Budapest Honvéd (12)
1915-16 Suspended 1954 Budapest Honvéd (4) 1991-92 Ferencváros (24)
1916-17 MTK Budapest (4) 1955 Budapest Honvéd (5) 1992-93 Budapest Honvéd (13)
1917-18 MTK Budapest (5) 1956 Suspended 1993-94 Vác
1918-19 MTK Budapest (6) 1957 Vasas Budapest 1994-95 Ferencváros (25)
1919-20 MTK Budapest (7) 1957-58 MTK Budapest (18) 1995-96 Ferencváros (26)
1920-21 MTK Budapest (8) 1958-59 Csepel (4) 1996-97 MTK Budapest (20)
1921-22 MTK Budapest (9) 1959-60 Újpest (9) 1997-98 Újpest (20)
1922-23 MTK Budapest (10) 1960-61 Vasas Budapest (2) 1998-99 MTK Budapest (21)
1923-24 MTK Budapest (11) 1961-62 Vasas Budapest (3) 1999-00 Dunaújváros
1924-25 MTK Budapest (12) 1962-63 Ferencváros (18) 2000-01 Ferencváros (27)
1925-26 Ferencváros (9) 1963 Győr 2001-02 Zalaegerszeg
1926-27 Ferencváros (10) 1964 Ferencváros (19) 2002-03 MTK Budapest (22)
1927-28 Ferencváros (11) 1965 Vasas Budapest (4) 2003-04 Ferencváros (28)
1928-29 MTK Budapest (13) 1966 Vasas Budapest (5) 2004-05 Debrecen
1929-30 Újpest 1967 Ferencváros (20) 2005-06 Debrecen (2)
1930-31 Újpest (2) 1968 Ferencváros (21) 2006-07 Debrecen (3)
1931-32 Ferencváros (12) 1969 Újpest (10) 2007-08 MTK Budapest (23)
1932-33 Újpest (3) 1970 Újpest (11) 2008-09 Debrecen (4)
1933-34 Ferencváros (13) 1970-71 Újpest (12) 2009-10 Debrecen (5)
1934-35 Újpest (4) 1971-72 Újpest (13) 2010-11 Videoton
1935-36 MTK Budapest (14) 1972-73 Újpest (14) 2011-12 Debrecen (6)
1936-37 MTK Budapest (15) 1973-74 Újpest (15) 2012-13 Győr (4)
1937-38 Ferencváros (14) 1974-75 Újpest (16) 2013-14 TBD
1938-39 Újpest (5) 1975-76 Ferencváros (22) 2014-15 TBD
1939-40 Ferencváros (15) 1976-77 Vasas Budapest (6) 2015-16 TBD
  • The bolded teams are currently playing in the 2013-14 season of the Hungarian League.

Clubs of the Nemzeti Bajnokság I

Main article: List of Nemzeti Bajnokság I clubs

Since 1901 98 clubs have participated in the Hungarian League. Below the list of Hungarian League clubs who have participated in the first division. The club with the most appearances are the 28-time champions Ferencváros, however the club spent three years in the Nemzeti Bajnokság II (Hungarian Second Division) between 2006 and 2009. The only clubs who have never been relegated are Újpest.

Key to colours in group tables
Currently playing in the Nemzeti Bajnokság I 2013-14 season

Last modified: 4 July 2013

Performances

Clubs

Fourteen clubs have been champions among which Nagyvárad have no longer been member of the Hungarian League since the end of the Second World War.

No. Club Winners Winning years
1.
Ferencváros
28
1903, 1905, 1907, 1909, 1910, 1911, 1912, 1913, 1926, 1927, 1928, 1932, 1934, 1938, 1940, 1941, 1949, 1963, 1964, 1967, 1968, 1976, 1981, 1992, 1995, 1996, 2001, 2004
2.
MTK Budapest
23
1904, 1908, 1914, 1917, 1918, 1919, 1920, 1921, 1922, 1923, 1924, 1925, 1929, 1936, 1937, 1951, 1953, 1958, 1987, 1997, 1999, 2003, 2008
3.
Újpest
20
1930, 1931, 1933, 1935, 1939, 1945 Spring, 1946, 1947, 1960, 1969, 1970 Spring, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1978, 1979, 1990, 1998
4.
Budapest Honvéd
13
1949/50, 1950, 1952, 1954, 1955, 1980, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1991, 1993
5.
Debrecen
6
2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2010, 2012
5.
Vasas Budapest
6
1957, 1961, 1962, 1965, 1966, 1977
7.
Győr
4
1963, 1982, 1983, 2013
7.
Csepel
4
1942, 1943, 1948, 1959
9.
Budapesti TC 2
2
1901, 1902
10.
Nagyvárad 3
1
1944
10.
Vác
1
1994
10.
Dunaújváros 2
1
2000
10.
Zalaegerszeg
1
2002
10.
Videoton
1
2011
  • The bolded teams are currently playing in the 2013-14 season of the Hungarian League.
Notes
  • Note 2: discontinued
  • Note 3: after 1946 plays at Romanian First League - now plays in Romanian 5th Division

Regions

The following table lists the Hungarian football champions by regions of Hungary.

No. Region Titles Winning Clubs
1.
Budapest
96
Ferencváros (28)
MTK Budapest (23)
Újpest (20)
Budapest Honvéd (13)
Vasas (6)
Csepel (4)
Budapesti TC (2)
2.
Northern Great Plain
6
Debrecen (6)
3.
Western Transdanubia
5
Győr (4)
Zalaegerszeg (1)
4.
Central Transdanubia
2
Dunaújváros (1)
Videoton (1)
5.
Central Hungary
1
Vác (1)
  • The bolded teams are currently playing in the 2013-14 season of the Hungarian League.

Cities

The location of the Hungarian league winner teams is very Budapest centered. There have been seven clubs from Budapest who could win the Hungarian league. These have been Ferencváros, MTK, Újpest, Honvéd, Vasas, Csepel and Budapesti TC., however the latter was dissolved. The first non-Budapest team who could win the league title was Nagyváradi AC (the winner of the 1943−44 season). The dominance of the Budapest team was over in the 2000s when several clubs could win the trophy such as Dunaújváros, Zalaegerszeg, Videoton. Among which one club emerged and dominated the 2000s was from Hajdú-Bihar County called Debrecen. They have been able to win the Hungarian League title for six times.

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Budapest
Budapest teams:
Ferencváros
MTK
Honvéd
Újpest
Vasas
Csepel
Budapesti TC
Debrecen
Videoton
Location of Hungarian League title winner teams
Rank City Titles Winning Clubs Last victory
1. Budapest
96
Ferencváros
MTK
Újpest
Honvéd
Vasas
Csepel
BTC
2008
2. Debrecen
6
Debrecen (6) 2012
3. Győr
4
Győr (3) 2013
4. Dunaújváros
1
Dunaújváros (1) 2000
4. Székesfehérvár
1
Videoton (1) 2011
4. Vác
1
Vác (1) 1994
4. Zalaegerszeg
1
Zalaegerszeg (1) 2002
4. Nagyvárad
1
Nagyvárad (1) 1944
  • The bolded teams are currently playing in the 2013-14 season of the Hungarian League.

Players

All-time appearances
Rank Player Appearances
1. Hungary Zoltán Végh 569
2. Hungary Attila Kuttor 560
3. Hungary Béla Illés 540
4. Hungary György Szabó 510
5. Hungary Ferenc Szusza 463
6. Hungary István Gass 456
Hungary József Tóth 456
8. Hungary Sándor Biró 450
9. Hungary József Bozsik 447
10. Hungary Tibor Végh 436
(Italics denotes players still playing professional football)
Bold denotes players still playing in the Hungarian League).

One of the most notable player of the Hungarian League was Ferenc Puskás who played for Honvéd. He played for Honvéd from 1943 to 1955 then Real Madrid signed him. He played 341 matches and scored 352 goals in the Hungarian league.
In the early years of the Hungarian league Imre Schlosser was the most well-known football player. He played for both Ferencváros and MTK. He became top goalscorer seven times.

In the 1960s Ferencváros's Flórián Albert became top goalscorer of the Hungarian League three times. He received the Ballon d'Or (the Golden Ball) as the European Footballer of the Year in 1967. He has been the only Hungarian football player to receive this honour. He has been described as one of the most elegant footballers of all time. Albert became an icon for Ferencváros since he spent his career only with the gree-whites. The stadium of the Ferencváros (Albert Stadion) was named after him.


Between 1945−46 László Kubala (later becoming a legend of FC Barcelona) played for Ferencváros scoring 27 goals in 49 matches.

Between 1949-55 Ferenc Puskás played for Budapest Honvéd scoring 164 goals in 165 matches and becoming a four-time top goal scorer of the Hungarian League.[21][22][23][24]

Between 2000-04 Zoltán Gera played for Ferencváros scoring 34 goals in 123 matches.[25] Later he became a permanent player of the Premier League playing for West Bromwich Albion F.C.[26] and Fulham F.C.).

Foreign players

Main article: List of foreign Nemzeti Bajnokság I players

In the Hungarian League the players are mainly from Hungary, but since the accession to the European Union the number of foreign players doubled. The players are mainly from the neighbouring EU countries such as Slovakia, Romania and Slovenia, and non-EU neighbouring countries such as Ukraine, Serbia, and Croatia. There are many players from Africa, mainly from countries such as Mali, Senegal, and Côte d'Ivoire. In the 2010s there is a growth in the number of Western European players. During the ownership of Kevin McCabe at Ferencváros numerous footballers participated from the England in the Nemzeti Bajnokság. The arrival of the Portuguese Paulo Sousa to Videoton triggered the signing of numerous Portuguese and Spanish players to the Nemzeti Bajnokság.

Among the most well-known foreign players is the three-time Serie A top goal scorer Giuseppe Signori who played for FC Sopron scoring three goals in 10 matches in the 200−06 season. He retired from the Western-Hungarian club in 2006.[27]

Managers


Managers in the Nemzeti Bajnoksag are involved in the day to day running of the team, including the training, team selection, and player acquisition. Their influence varies from club-to-club and is related to the ownership of the club and the relationship of the manager with fans. Managers are required to have a UEFA Pro Licence which is the final coaching qualification available, and follows the completion of the UEFA 'B' and 'A' Licences.The UEFA Pro Licence is required by every person who wishes to manage a club in the Nemzeti Bajnoksag on a permanent basis.

Hungarian League winning managers
  • Active managers are in bold

Format

As we can see from the chart the number of teams in the Hungarian First Division changed a lot and continuously. The league started in 1901 with five teams and with the formation of teams the league expanded continuously. In the 1919-20 season there were 15 teams competing for the title. Currently, there are 16 teams in the first division.

Hungarian football clubs in European competitions

Main article: Hungarian football clubs in European competitions

As correct of 26 October 2012

Key to colours in tables
Club won the final
Club reached the final
Club reached the semi-finals
Club reached the quarter-finals
Club reached the group stages

The UEFA coefficient

Key to colours in tables
Club won either the Nemzeti Bajnokság or the Magyar Kupa
Club finished second in the Nemzeti Bajnokság or lost the Magyar Kupa final
Club finished third in the Nemzeti Bajnokság
  • CP = Coefficient points
  • MP = Matches played
  • W = Wins
  • D = Draws
  • L = Lost
  • E = Eliminated
  • R = Round
  • PO = Play-off
  • GS = Group stage

Ranking of the Nemzeti Bajnokság

The national league rankings for the 2012/13 season of UEFA competitions is based upon results in UEFA competitions from the 2007/08 through 2011/12 seasons.

Current Nemzeti Bajnokság ranking (2012)

Rank Move Previous Rank Country League
26 Steady 26 Norway Norway Tippeligaen
27 Steady 27 Serbia Serbia SuperLiga
28 Decrease 21 Bulgaria Bulgaria Professional Football Group
29 Increase 32 Hungary Hungary Nemzeti Bajnokság
30 Steady 30 Finland Finland Veikkausliiga
31 Increase 36 Georgia (country) Georgia Umaglesi Liga
32 Decrease 29 Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Premier League
  • Full List

Club coefficient

The club coefficient rankings are based on the results achieved in the European competitions, namely the Champions League and the Europa League in the five previous seasons. The club ranking determines the seeding of each club in the draw. [28]

Last modified: 11.12.2012

Rank Club 08/09 09/10 10/11 11/12 12/13 Pts
154 Debrecen 0.200 7.550 2.550 0.450 4.100 9.850
176 Videoton 0.200 0.550 1.050 1.450 4.600 7.850
276 Budapest Honvéd 0.200 1.550 0.550 0.450 1.100 3.850
277 Győr 0.200 0.550 2.050 0.450 0.600 3.850
300 Paks 0.200 0.550 0.550 1.450 0.600 3.350
329 Kecskemét 0.200 0.550 0.550 0.950 0.600 2.850
329 Ferencváros 0.200 0.550 0.550 0.950 0.600 2.850
331 Újpest 0.200 1.050 0.550 0.450 0.600 2.850
331 Szombathely 0.200 1.050 0.550 0.450 0.600 2.850
341 MTK Budapest 0.200 0.550 0.550 0.450 0.850 2.600
342 Zalaegerszeg 0.200 0.550 0.800 0.450 0.600 2.600

Team value

In the last couple of years the Hungarian government encouraged companies to invest into Hungarian football clubs. As a consequence, some clubs could purchase more valuable players.

Rank Club 12/13
1. Videoton 15.425.000 €
2. Győr 11.125.000 €
3. Ferencváros 10.650.000 €
4. Debrecen 8.350.000 €
5. Újpest 7.350.000 €

Referees

The Hungarian League has had two internationally well-known referees. Sándor Puhl, who refereed the final of the FIFA World Cup 1994,[29] was an active referee of the Hungarian League between 1984 and 2000. Currently the most well-known referee of the Hungarian League is Viktor Kassai[30] who refereed the 2011 UEFA Champions League Final.[31][32][33]

Notable Referees

Nationality Name of the referee Achievements
Hungary Károly Palotai 1976 European Cup Final
1981 European Cup Final
1979 European Cup Winners' Cup Final
Hungary Sándor Puhl 1997 UEFA Champions League Final
1994 FIFA World Cup Final
Hungary Viktor Kassai 2011 UEFA Champions League Final
2008 Summer Olympics Final

Active Referees

See also

References

External links

  • Hungarian football league
  • League at UEFA
  • Actual teams, with detailed data
  • Live Scores and Updates
  • Hungarian Football Page - English

Template:Nemzeti Bajnokság I

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