World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Borough of Halton

Borough of Halton
Borough and Unitary authority
Official logo of Borough of Halton
Arms of Halton Borough Council
Halton shown within Cheshire
Halton shown within Cheshire
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region North West England
City region Liverpool City Region
Ceremonial county Cheshire
Settled 12th century
Incorporated 1974 (borough)
  1998 (Unitary authority)
Administrative HQ Widnes
 • Type Unitary authority
 • Body Halton Borough Council
 • Leadership Leader and cabinet
 • Executive Liberal Democrat (council NOC)
 • Leader Rob Polhill
 • Mayor Ellen Cargill
 • Chief Executive David Parr
 • Total 16.14 sq mi (41.81 km2)
Area rank 285th
Population (mid-2014 est.)
 • Total 63,176 (Ranked 309th)
 • Density 3,890/sq mi (1,502/km2)
Time zone Greenwich Mean Time (UTC+0)
 • Summer (DST) British Summer Time (UTC+1)
GSS code E06000006
ISO 3166-2 GB-HAL
NUTS 3 code UKD71
ONS code 00ET

Halton is a local government district in the ceremonial county of Cheshire in North West England, with borough status and administered by a unitary authority. It was created in 1974 as a district of the non-metropolitan county of Cheshire, and became a unitary authority area on 1 April 1998.[1] Since 2014 it has been a member of the Liverpool City Region Combined Authority. The borough consists of the towns of Runcorn and Widnes and the civil parishes of Hale, Daresbury, Moore, Preston Brook, Halebank and Sandymoor.[2] The district borders Merseyside, Warrington and Cheshire West and Chester. The borough straddles the River Mersey - the area to the north (including Widnes) is historically part of Lancashire, that to the south (including Runcorn) part of Cheshire.


  • History 1
  • Economy 2
  • Demographics 3
  • Politics 4
    • Liverpool City Region Combined Authority 4.1
    • Halton Borough Council Composition 4.2
  • Education 5
    • Performance table 5.1
  • Twin towns 6
  • See also 7
  • Notes 8


Although Halton town dates back to the 12th century (and beyond) when land on both sides of the river belonged to the Barony of Halton, the origin of the District Council was the outcome of the local government commission's suggested reforms of England, in 1969, the Redcliffe-Maud Report. This proposed to create metropolitan counties constituted of metropolitan district councils in the most urbanised parts of England. The model was that of the London Boroughs and Greater London Council formed in 1965. Southern Lancashire and northern Cheshire were among these urban areas, and two new metropolitan Counties were to be formed around Liverpool (as Merseyside) and Manchester (as Greater Manchester). However, the towns of Widnes and Runcorn (and the County Borough of Warrington) which lay between these were reluctant to join either. The Commission agreed that Halton and Warrington would become districts within Cheshire, as they would be detached from Lancashire by the two new metropolitan counties controlling the territory to the north.

The district was formally established on 1 April 1974 from Runcorn urban district and part of Runcorn Rural District from Cheshire, and the borough of Widnes and the parish of Hale from the Whiston Rural District in Lancashire. On 1 April 1998 Halton became an independent unitary authority, though it is still served by Cheshire Police and Cheshire Fire and Rescue Service, and forms part of Cheshire for ceremonial purposes, such as the Lord Lieutenancy.

On 1 April 2014 Halton became part of the Liverpool City Region Combined Authority, joining the local authorities of Liverpool, Sefton, Wirral, Knowsley and St Helens, the five metropolitan district councils which constitute the county of Merseyside. This effectively reverses the position adopted in the 1970s which created it as an anomaly. As a unitary authority its status is similar to the metropolitan district councils.[3]


This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of Halton and Warrington at current basic prices published (pp. 240–253) by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.

Year Regional Gross Value Added Agriculture Industry Services
1995 3,636 14 1,361 2,261
2000 4,768 10 1,433 3,324
2003 5,774 18 1,399 4,356
  • ^1 includes hunting and forestry
  • ^2 includes energy and construction
  • ^3 includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured
  • ^4 Components may not sum to totals due to rounding


The population of Halton in 2004 was 118,915 and it is the most densely populated district in Cheshire at 15.01 persons per hectare (3,890.2/sq mi).[4] The change in population during the 20th century is shown in the following table.

Year 1901 1911 1921 1931 1941 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001
Population 57,755 57,062 61,039 65,309 71,835 79,026 87,168 96,150 121,861 124,915 118,215

In 2003 Halton had the largest proportion of the population in Cheshire in the age groups under 5, 5 to 15 and 16 to pension age and, at 16.1% the lowest proportion of people at pension age or older. At 1.2% the proportion of non-white ethnic groups in 2001 equalled the lowest in all local authorities in Cheshire. At 11.5 per 1,000 population, the live birth rate in Halton and Warrington, is the highest in the county. At 121 the standardised mortality ratio and at 21.5% the percentage of persons with limiting long-term illness are considerably the highest in Cheshire.[6]

There has been an increase in the number of households from 47,214 in 1991 to 52,501 in 2006. The average household size has reduced from 2.70 in 1991 to 2.44 in 2001. 89.8% of houses had central heating in 2001 compared with 75.8% in 2001. The type of housing has also changed with an increase from 15.5% to 19.2% in detached houses from 1991 to 2001, an increase over the same years in semi-detached houses from 30.0% to 33.0% and a corresponding decrease in terraced houses from 44.0% to 37.5%.[7] The percentage of dwellings in council tax bands A-B is, at 69% the highest in any Cheshire local authority while the percentages in bands E-F (8%) and G-H (1%) are the lowest.[6]

There has been a shift in employment from manufacturing to service industries. In 1991 34% worked in the manufacturing sector and 61% were in the service sector. By 2004 17% were in manufacturing jobs and 78% were in service jobs.[7]


Liverpool City Region Combined Authority

The Borough of Halton is one of the six constituent local government districts of the Liverpool City Region. Since 1 April 2014, some of the borough's responsibilities have been pooled with neighbouring authorities within the metropolitan area and subsumed into the Liverpool City Region Combined Authority.

The combined authority has effectively become the top-tier administrative body for the local governance of the city region and the leader of Halton Borough Council, along with the five other leaders from neighbouring local government districts, take strategic decisions over economic development, transport, employment and skills, tourism, culture, housing and physical infrastructure.

As of July 2015, negotiations are currently taking place between the UK national government and the combined authority over a possible devolution deal to confer greater powers on the region. Discussions include whether to introduce an elected ‘Metro Mayor’ to oversee the entire metropolitan area.[8]

Halton Borough Council Composition

Since Halton became a unitary authority in 1998 the Labour party has controlled the council.[9] Elections to the council are held in 3 out of every 4 years, with one third of the 56 seats being elected at each election. The present composition of the council is:[10]

Party Councillors
Labour 51
Liberal Democrat 3
Conservative 2


Performance table

This table shows the percentage of pupils in each school gaining five GCSE A*–C level grades, including English and Maths, in the years 2005–2008 compared with the local and national averages.[11]

School Number on roll
2005 2006 2007 2008
The Bankfield School 202 25 29 33 50
Fairfield High School 167 27 33 37 51
The Grange School 229 27 24 27 35
Ormiston Bolingbroke Academy
The Heath School 209 44 42 50 63
St Chad's RC & CE High School 170 31 39 39 45
Saints Peter and Paul Catholic College 277 32 31 48 48
Wade Deacon High School 227 55 53 67 78
Halton average 32.8 33.3 41.0 49.2
National average 44.3 45.3 46.0 47.3

Twin towns

See also


  1. ^ "Unitary Authority". Halton Borough Council. Retrieved 19 January 2009. 
  2. ^ Parish Councils, Halton Borough Council, retrieved 2 December 2008 
  3. ^ Clay, Oliver, Halton to become part of Liverpool city region, Runcorn & Widnes Weekly News, retrieved 2009-01-15 
  4. ^ Halton Borough Council:Halton Population Accessed 4 April 2007 Archived 11 February 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Vision of Britain Accessed 4 April 2007
  6. ^ a b National Statistics:Region in Figures, North West Winter 2004/05 Accessed 4 April 2007
  7. ^ a b Halton Borough Council: Halton Unitary in Figures Accessed 4 April 2007 Archived 2 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Liam Murphy (22 July 2015). "Liverpool city region to decide on devolution demands by end of summer". Retrieved 26 July 2015. 
  9. ^ "Halton".  
  10. ^ [2] Retrieved 21 June 2014.
  11. ^ Achievement and Attainment tables 2008: Local Authority Halton - Year on Tear Comparisons, Department for Children, Schools and Families, retrieved 2009-01-17 

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.