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Title: Bezmialem  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of sultans of the Ottoman Empire
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Bezmiâlem Sultan
Seal of Bezm-i Âlem
Born Suzi
Caucasia, Ottoman Empire
Died 2 May, 1853 (aged 45–46)
Dolmabahçe Palace, Constantinople
Resting place The tomb of Mahmud II at Divanyolu Street in Constantinople
Residence Dolmabahçe Palace
Ethnicity Georgian (perhaps Georgian Jew) or Russian Jew
Known for Valide Sultan
Religion Judaism or Ortodox Christian, subsequently converted to Islam after her capture
Spouse(s) Mahmud II
Children Abdülmecid I
Parents Leon[1]

Bezmiâlem Sultan Kadınefendi (1807 – 2 May 1853) (Bezm-i Alem or Bazim-i Alam, meaning "feast of the world") was the second spouse of Sultan Mahmud II, and mother of Sultan Abdülmecid I of the Ottoman Empire.


Some claim that she was a Russian Jew originally named Suzi (thus referred to as "Rus Yahudisi Suzi"), the daughter of Leon.[1] Majority of sources however note that she is either a Georgian Jew or Christian Georgian.[2][3][4] Alan Palmer writes that she was Georgian (perhaps Georgian Jew) but gives no original name.[5] Captain Charles White, a Briton who spent three years in Istanbul and knew Ottoman society well, in the 1840s mentioned that Besma Allem, mother to the reigning monarch Abdülmecid I, was a Georgian slave.[6] As mother of Sultan Abdülmecid I, she was Valide Sultan from 1839 to 1853.[1][5] One source says Mahmud II died of alcoholism, rather than tuberculosis, and she is reported to have convinced Abdülmecid I to destroy his father's wine cellars.[7]

She was popular and respected as Valide Sultan and she also exerted political influence: it is noted, that her son and his ministers consulted her on the affairs of state. Like other influential Ottoman women, she was a patron of arts and architecture. Among notable structures she commissioned are Kasr-i Dilkusa (Dilkusa Summer Palace) in the Yıldız Palace complex, Bezm-î-Âlem Valide Sultan Fountain, and Dolmabahçe Mosque in Istanbul. Her burial place is located at Divanyolu Street inside The tomb of Mahmud II in Istanbul.


Preceded by
Valide Sultan
1839 - 1852
Succeeded by

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