World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Bezmialem

Article Id: WHEBN0004667345
Reproduction Date:

Title: Bezmialem  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of sultans of the Ottoman Empire
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Bezmialem

Bezmiâlem Sultan
Seal of Bezm-i Âlem
Born Suzi
1807
Caucasia, Ottoman Empire
Died 2 May, 1853 (aged 45–46)
Dolmabahçe Palace, Constantinople
Resting place The tomb of Mahmud II at Divanyolu Street in Constantinople
Residence Dolmabahçe Palace
Ethnicity Georgian (perhaps Georgian Jew) or Russian Jew
Known for Valide Sultan
Religion Judaism or Ortodox Christian, subsequently converted to Islam after her capture
Spouse(s) Mahmud II
Children Abdülmecid I
Parents Leon[1]


Bezmiâlem Sultan Kadınefendi (1807 – 2 May 1853) (Bezm-i Alem or Bazim-i Alam, meaning "feast of the world") was the second spouse of Sultan Mahmud II, and mother of Sultan Abdülmecid I of the Ottoman Empire.

Biography

Some claim that she was a Russian Jew originally named Suzi (thus referred to as "Rus Yahudisi Suzi"), the daughter of Leon.[1] Majority of sources however note that she is either a Georgian Jew or Christian Georgian.[2][3][4] Alan Palmer writes that she was Georgian (perhaps Georgian Jew) but gives no original name.[5] Captain Charles White, a Briton who spent three years in Istanbul and knew Ottoman society well, in the 1840s mentioned that Besma Allem, mother to the reigning monarch Abdülmecid I, was a Georgian slave.[6] As mother of Sultan Abdülmecid I, she was Valide Sultan from 1839 to 1853.[1][5] One source says Mahmud II died of alcoholism, rather than tuberculosis, and she is reported to have convinced Abdülmecid I to destroy his father's wine cellars.[7]

She was popular and respected as Valide Sultan and she also exerted political influence: it is noted, that her son and his ministers consulted her on the affairs of state. Like other influential Ottoman women, she was a patron of arts and architecture. Among notable structures she commissioned are Kasr-i Dilkusa (Dilkusa Summer Palace) in the Yıldız Palace complex, Bezm-î-Âlem Valide Sultan Fountain, and Dolmabahçe Mosque in Istanbul. Her burial place is located at Divanyolu Street inside The tomb of Mahmud II in Istanbul.

References

Preceded by
Nakşidil
Valide Sultan
1839 - 1852
Succeeded by
Pertevniyal

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.