World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Benedikt syndrome

Article Id: WHEBN0017160968
Reproduction Date:

Title: Benedikt syndrome  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Cerebral infarction, Lateral pontine syndrome, Foville's syndrome, Anterior cerebral artery syndrome, Millard–Gubler syndrome
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Benedikt syndrome

Benedikt syndrome
Classification and external resources
ICD-10 G46.3
ICD-9 344.89
DiseasesDB 32780

Benedikt syndrome, also called Benedikt's syndrome or paramedian midbrain syndrome, is a rare type of posterior circulation stroke of the brain, with a range of neurological symptoms affecting the midbrain, cerebellum and other related structures.

Characterization

It is characterized by the presence of an oculomotor nerve (CN III) palsy and cerebellar ataxia including tremor. Neuroanatomical structures affected include CNIII nucleus, Red nucleus, corticospinal tracts, brachium conjunctivum, and the superior cerebellar peduncle decussation. It is very similar in etiology, morphology and clinical presentation to Weber's syndrome; the main difference between the two being that Weber's is more associated with hemiplegia (i.e. paralysis), and Benedikt's with hemiataxia (i.e. disturbed coordination of movements).

Causes

Benedikt syndrome is caused by a lesion ( infarction, hemorrhage, tumor, or tuberculosis) in the tegmentum of the midbrain and cerebellum. Specifically, the median zone is impaired. It can result from occlusion of the posterior cerebral artery [1] or paramedian penetrating branches of the basilar artery.[2]

Treatment

Deep brain stimulation may provide relief from some symptoms of Benedikt syndrome, particularly the tremors associated with the disorder.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ Akdal G, Kutluk K, Men S, Yaka E (Jan 2005). "Benedikt and "plus-minus lid" syndromes arising from posterior cerebral artery branch occlusion". Journal of the neurological sciences 228 (1): 105–107.  
  2. ^ AMA citation: Greenberg DA, Simon RP. Chapter 3. Disorders of Equilibrium. In: Greenberg DA, Simon RP, eds. Clinical Neurology. 7th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2009. http://www.accessmedicine.com/content.aspx?aID=5146162 Accessed July 21, 2012
  3. ^ Bandt SK, Anderson D, Biller J (Oct 2008). "Deep brain stimulation as an effective treatment option for post-midbrain infarction-related tremor as it presents with Benedikt syndrome". Journal of neurosurgery 109 (4): 635–639.  

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.