World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Battle on Pyana River

 

Battle on Pyana River

Battle on Pyana River
Date August 2 [O.S. July 21] 1377
Location Pyana River (Russian: Пья́на)
Result Defeat of Russian forces
Belligerents
Russian Forces Blue Horde
Commanders and leaders
Knyaz Ivan Dmitriyevich

Warlords:

Pereyaslavl
Yaroslavl
Yuryev
Nizhny Novgorod
Murom
Khan Arapsha

The Battle on Pyana River took place on August 2, 1377 between the Blue Horde Khan Arapsha (Arab-Shah Muzaffar) and joint Russian troops under Knyaz Ivan Dmitriyevich, made up of the Pereyaslavl, Yaroslavl, Yuryev, Nizhny Novgorod and Murom warlords.[1]

The joint Russian army, being drunken, was almost entirely routed by small forces of Arapsha, while Ivan Dmitriyevich had drowned together with druzhina and staff.[1] The river's name Pyana, translated as "drunken" from Russian, is derived from those events.[2] The corresponding events are further recorded in the medieval Russian Chronicle On The Slaughter at Pyana River.

Background

In 1377 Moscow became aware of Arapsha and Knyaz Dmitry draw an army to recover his father-in-law Dmitri of Nizhny Novgorod. However nothing had happened and the troops returned to Moscow. Young knyaz Ivan Dmitriyevich, who assumed the joint command, moved the troops to River Pyana. The voyevodas learned that Arapsh was still far away, on the river Volchyi Vody, a tributary of Don. Because of hot weather, the awaiting Russian warriors began wandering around and consuming alcoholic beverages like mead, ale, beer and the so-called Mordva pure, which the troops of Suzdal prince drank while waiting in the local villages for the battle to begin.[1]

The battle

By the time the Russian troops were intoxicated, Arapsha, drawn by Mordva nobles, had sensibly arrived and divided his troops into five units.[3] On August 2, he unexpectedly attacked the Russian forces from all sides. Unable to fight, the Russians retreated to Pyana. Ivan Dmitriyevich had drowned together with numerous servants and warriors while crossing the river. The rest were slain by enemy troops. The aftermath was catastrophic. The Tatars under Arapsha were then able to reach Niznhy Novgorod, prompting the evacuation of residents by boats, while Dmitry of Suzdal evacuated to Suzdal.[3] The town itself was sacked.[3]

Bibliography

Notes
  1. ^ a b c Pokhlebkin-Pokhlebkin 1992, p. 66.
  2. ^ Pokhlebkin-Pokhlebkin 1992, p. 67.
  3. ^ a b c Solovyov 1851-1879, pp. Chapter 7
References
  •   - Total pages: 222
  •  

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.