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Battle of Ponza (1552)

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Title: Battle of Ponza (1552)  
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Subject: List of naval battles, Andrea Doria, History of the Ottoman Empire, Italian War of 1551–59, List of wars involving France, Franco-Ottoman alliance
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Battle of Ponza (1552)

Battle of Ponza
Part of the Ottoman-Habsburg wars
Ottoman galley.
Date 5 August 1552
Location Off Ponza, present-day Italy
Result Franco-Ottoman victory
Belligerents
 Genoa  Ottoman Empire
 France
Commanders and leaders
Republic of Genoa Andrea Doria Ottoman Empire Turgut Reis
Kingdom of France Gabriel de Luetz d'Aramon
Strength
Republic of Genoa 40 galleys Ottoman Empire 100 galleys
Kingdom of France 3 galleys
Casualties and losses
7 galleys captured

The Battle of Ponza (1552) was a naval battle that occurred near the Italian island of Ponza. The battle was fought between a Franco-Ottoman fleet under Turgut Reis and a Genoese fleet commanded by Andrea Doria.[1] The Genoese were defeated and lost seven galleys captured. The battle made it easier for the Ottoman fleet to raid the coasts of Sicily, Sardinia and Italy for the next three years.

Opposing fleets

The Ottoman fleet consisted of 100 galleys which had been sent to the Western Mediterranean when Henry II entered in conflict with Charles V in the Italian War of 1551-59.[2] The fleet was accompanied by three French galleys under the French ambassador Gabriel de Luetz d'Aramon, who accompanied the Ottomans from Istambul in their raids along the coast of Calabria in Southern Italy, capturing the city of Reggio.[3]

The Genoese fleet consisted of 40 galleys under the command of Andrea Doria.[4] Twenty of the galleys in the Genoese fleet belonged personally to Doria, six to an Antonio Doria and two to the House of Grimaldi of Monaco.[5]

Battle

The battle between the fleets took place on 5 August 1552 between the islands of Ponza and Terracina on the Italian mainland. The Ottomans captured seven of the Geonoese galleys which were full of troops.[1]

Aftermath

After the battle, the Franco-Ottoman fleet entered Majorca on 13 August 1552.[1] The Ottomans resisted pressure from the French to send their fleet further west, perhaps for personal reasons of the commander or due to the continuing war with Persia.[1]The victory gave the Ottomans better facility to attack Sicily, Sardinia and the coasts of Italy for the next three years.[6] After the battle, the Ottoman fleet wintered in Chios, where it was joined by the French fleet of Baron de la Garde, ready for major naval operations the following year, including the Invasion of Corsica in 1553. Doria made a final attempt to thwart Reis at the Battle of Djerba in 1560 but was defeated and Reis continued his raiding of Christian nations until his death five years later.[6]


See also

Notes

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