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Battle of Nezib

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Battle of Nezib

Battle of Nezib
Part of Second Turko-Egyptian War
Date June 24, 1839
Location Mezar, southwest of Nezib[1]
Result Decisive Egyptian victory[2][3]
Belligerents
Egypt Ottoman Empire
Commanders and leaders
Ibrahim Pasha Hafiz Osman Pasha,
Helmuth Graf von Moltke
Strength
≈30,000-46,000[4] ≈30,000-80,000[4]
Casualties and losses
4000 Killed and Wounded. Very Heavy.

The Battle of Nezib or Battle of Nisib or Battle of Nizib [5][6] (present-day Nizip) was fought on June 24, 1839, between Egypt and the Ottoman Empire. The Egyptians were led by Ibrahim Pasha, while the Ottomans were led by Hafiz Osman Pasha, with Helmuth von Moltke the Elder playing an advisory role, in command of the Ottoman artillery.[7]

Several hours prior to when major combat began, Von Moltke had pleaded with Hafiz Pasha to withdraw to a more secure fortified position near Birecik and to await expected reinforcements, as Hafiz Pasha's forces were far outmatched in quality by the advancing Egyptians.[8] Initially Hafiz acquiesced to Moltke, but not long after he decided to maintain his army's position, due to the advice of his mullahs.

The Ottoman troops under Hafiz Pasha were positioned at Mezar, southwest of Nezib, with the Nezib river on their left. Ibrahim advanced his force, under heavy Ottoman artillery fire, towards the Ottoman lines. At the same time, the Ottoman line began to take Egyptian artillery fire, and were suffering losses. By the time Ibrahim's infantry had encountered the Ottoman line, Hafiz's army was in complete rout, the Egyptian artillery having broken their morale.[9]

References

Citations
  1. ^ Paton, Andrew, p.133.
  2. ^ Anthony Wood, Europe, 1815-1960', 'Longman, 1984, p. 81.
  3. ^ Sir Robert Phillimore, Commentaries upon international law, T. & J. W. Johnson, 1854, p. 332.
  4. ^ a b Alison, Archibald, p.538.
  5. ^ Guest, John S. (2010). Survival Among The Kurds. Routledge. p. 80.  
  6. ^ "Mehemet Ali's Rebellion". heritage-history.com. Retrieved 10 June 2014. 
  7. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, The Encyclopædia Britannica, p. 678. University of Virginia Press, 1911.
  8. ^ The Pasha: How Mehemet Ali Defied the West, 1839-1841
  9. ^ Masson, David, Macmillan's Magazine, p. 480. Macmillan and Co., 1882. Item notes: v.46 1882 May-Oct
Bibliography
  • Alison, Archibald, History of Europe from the Fall of Napoleon in 1815 to the Accession of Louis Napoleon in 1852, p. 538. W. Blackwood, 1856.
  • Chisholm, Hugh, The Encyclopædia Britannica, p. 678. University of Virginia Press, 1911
  • Masson, David, Macmillan's Magazine, p. 480. Macmillan and Co., 1882. Item notes: v.46 1882 May-Oct
  • Paton, Andrew, A History of the Egyptian Revolution, from the Period of the Mamelukes to the Death of Mohammed Ali, p. 133. Trübner & Co., 1863


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