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Basra Eyalet

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Basra Eyalet

Eyālet-i Baṣrâ
Eyalet of the Ottoman Empire

1538–1862
Location of Basra Eyalet
Basra Eyalet in 1609
Capital Basra
History
 -  Established 1538
 -  Disestablished 1862
Today part of  Iraq

Basra Eyalet (Ottoman Turkish: ایالت بصره; Eyālet-i Baṣrâ)[1] was an eyalet of the Ottoman Empire. Its reported area in the 19th century was 9,872 square miles (25,570 km2).[2] It had a Defterdar and Kehiya of the Chavushes but neither Alai-beg nor Cheribashi because there were no ziamets or Timars, the lands being all rented by the governor.[3]

History

Basra had formerly a hereditary government (mulkiat), but it was reduced to an ordinary eyalet when conquered by Sultan Mohammed IV.[3] In 1534, when the Ottomans captured Baghdad, Rashid al-Mughamis, the Bedouin emir who then controlled Basra, submitted to Ottomans.[4] Basra became an Ottoman province in 1538,[5] and an Ottoman governor was appointed by 1546.[4] The eyalet was later subordinated to Baghdad during the Mamluk dynasty of Iraq, and was separated from Baghdad again from 1850 to 1862.[6]

References

  1. ^ "Some Provinces of the Ottoman Empire". Geonames.de. Retrieved 25 February 2013. 
  2. ^ The Popular encyclopedia: or, conversations lexicon 6. Blackie. 1862. p. 698. Retrieved 2013-06-27. 
  3. ^ a b Evliya Çelebi; Joseph von Hammer-Purgstall (1834). Narrative of Travels in Europe, Asia, and Africa in the Seventeenth Century 1. Oriental Translation Fund. p. 90. Retrieved 2013-06-27. 
  4. ^ a b Gábor Ágoston; Bruce Alan Masters (2009). Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire. Infobase Publishing. p. 78.  
  5. ^ "The Ottoman Turks and the Portuguese in the Arab Gulf 1534-1581". p. 2. 
  6. ^ Reidar Visser (2005). Basra, the Failed Gulf State: Separatism And Nationalism in Southern Iraq. LIT Verlag Münster. p. 19.  

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