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Title: Baramati  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Pune Railway Division, Daund Junction railway station, Pune district, Baramati Airport, Central Railway zone
Collection: Cities and Towns in Pune District
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Bhimthadi भीमथडी
Siddheswar Temple, Baramati
Siddheswar Temple, Baramati
Baramati is located in Maharashtra
Location in Maharashtra, India
Country  India
State Maharashtra
District Pune
Elevation 538 m (1,765 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 51,342
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 413102
Telephone code 912112
Vehicle registration MH 42

Baramati    is a city and a municipal council in Pune district in the state of Maharashtra, India.

Agriculture is the main occupation of the people of Baramati. The main food crops grown include sugarcane, grapes, and wheat. Grapes and sugar are exported to markets in the Middle East and Europe. Cattle rearing is also becoming an important occupation, as many big cattle rearing projects have been established.


  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • Economy 3
  • Transport 4
  • Education 5
  • Trivia 6
  • Proposal for Baramati district 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9


Baramati is a well known historical place in Maharashtra. It is situated on the banks of the river Karha. The town has historical significance because of Kavi Moropant and Shri. Babuji Naik.

Kavi Moropant was a gifted poet who was known for his style of shloka called 'Arya". He has written many books such as 'Kekavali', 'Harivijay' etc.

Baramati was ruled by the Yadavas of Devgiri. After the fall of the Yadav rule, it was immersed in the reign of Bahamas of Gulbarga. Fortunately, we find very authentic and credible historical references of Baramati's History in the books of Dr. Shejwalkar and Mr. Grant Duff- the well known historians.

According to Duff, Nijam Shah of Ahemednagar, being a tributary, gifted Baramati to Malojiraje Bhosale (grandfather of legendary Maratha king Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj), in 1603. Thus Baramati was ruled by Bhonsale and later on it was included in the reign of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj.

After Aurangzeb's death, it was won by the Marathas. Around 1745, Shahu Maharaj handed over the charge of Baramati to Babuji Naik. He was the great administrator as well as the patron of arts and religion.

Baramati hosts two old temples which are built around 750. One of them is of Shri Kashivishweshwar - based on the west bank of the river, the other is of Shri Siddheshwar, located on the east bank of the river. Sidheshwar Temple is considered an architectural masterpiece. The temple is located near Babuji Naik's Mansion, which houses a gigantic idol of Nandi. References to both these temples are in the great epic "Shiv Lilamrut" by another famous poet, Shridhar Swami.


Baramati is located at .[1] It has an average elevation of 538 metres (1765 feet). It is located in rain shadow and therefore receives only around 400–500 mm of average rainfall in monsoon. The prosperity of Baramati is due to left bank canal constructed in British era in year 1872. This canal starts from 'Veer Dam' near Saswad and ends at Walchandnagar a length of more than 100km.

Baramati experiences hot summers from March to May and cold, dry winters from November to February. The city receives scant rainfall mainly in June to August approx 60 cm. Weather in Baramati is dry and hot in summer, with day temperatures crossing 40 degrees Celsius. Typical winter day temperatures are about 25 degrees Celsius, with night temperatures as low as 8 degrees Celsius. Normally, Baramati has very pleasant climate during November Month, called gulabi thandi (in Marathi language) or balanced cold waves.


Baramati and surrounding areas mostly depend on agriculture as the main source of income. The land in the region is very well irrigated because of left bank Canal irrigation from Veer Dam. Nira river also provides direct irrigation water to farms.

Drinking water is also sourced from this canal. Additionally Municipal Council also receives drinking water from 'Ujjani Dam" through a pipeline.

Main crops include Sugarcane, Grapes, Jawari, Cotton and Wheat. Grapes and Sugar are exported from here. There is a huge market place for cotton and food grains in the city.

As main crop of Baramati is sugarcane, there are three co-operative sugar factories viz. 1. Shri Chhatrapati Co-operative Sugar Factory, Bhavaninagar (Indapur) 2. The Malegaon Co-operative Sugar Factory, Malegaon and 3. The Someshwar Co-operative Sugar Factory, Someshwarnagar.

Apart from agriculture Baramati is home for a lot of industries which range from Steel Processing to Wine making. There is a project of winery proposed by Vijay Mallya along with Sharad Pawar.

Baramati is home to the three-wheeler plant of the Italian company Piaggio. Construction of a two-wheeler plant is underway and after its completion, 150,000 Vespa scooters will be produced annually with the initial investment.

Baramati uses 800 hectares of land as MIDC (Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation) Industrial Area along Baramati-Bhigwan Road, 5 km outside Baramati town's municipal limits. Baramati MIDC has several Major companies like Bharat Forge Ltd, ISMT Limited, Kenersys, Schreiber Dynamix Dairies Ltd., Piaggio Vehicles Private Limited, Godfrey Phillips etc. and is home of many Small Scale Industries.

Baramati MIDC has a Baramati Hi-Tech Textile Park Ltd., set up over sprawling 60-acres of land which housed small domestic garment manufacturers, consisting of a comprehensive group of textile oriented units specializing in functions such as garment-making, Apparel Printing & Packaging, Home Furnishing, Embroidery and Technical textile within the Textile Park. It also has a series of smaller units available as ancillary support units.

Baramati has an airstrip near MIDC.


Baramati is well connected by road with major cities in the State. Baramati is 100 km from Pune by road. It connects to major highways via the road network. Baramati is also well connected by Rail Network to Pune via Daund Junction.

Baramati has an airport (Baramati Airport) which currently hosts a Flying School. Baramati is considered to be one of the future domestic airports in the region, with the runway being extended in length to accommodate larger aircraft.

The condition of roads in the city is very good and there is a ring road built around the periphery of the city.


Baramati has created a niche for itself in the field of education. Last decade has seen growth of Baramati as a Prominent Education Center with Colleges and Schools ranging from Engineering to Biotechnology to Law and soon a Medical college is going to start in MIDC area.

Baramati and surrounded area has three major places which have become well known education centers in the state.

Vidya Pratishthan[2] offers courses from Primary Education to Masters Degree. Vidyanagari has a Law College, College of Engineering,[3] School of BioTechnology, Institute of Information Technology, MBA, MCA apart from Primary School and Arts, Commerce, Science College.

Tuljaram Chaturchand College has a junior college and a senior college with well equipped staff following the latest trends in the market. Senior college provides graduation in science, commerce and arts.

Agricultural Development Trust, Shradanagar offers dedicated college for girls. Courses here include Basic Graduation, Junior College, Bachelors Degree in Education and Agriculture College.

The Malegaon Sugar Factories's Shivnagar Vidya Prasarak Mandal, Malegaon offers wide range of Technology and Management Courses. The campus has an Engineering College, a Management Institute and a Pharmacy College.

Baramati also has one Technical High-school which offers different Technical courses like carpentry, wiring, welding, engineering drawing, computer science and many other courses which are useful to make engineering base strong enough at school level and to make more easier to understand engineering courses.

The city has an M.E.S. (Maharashtra Education Society) High school of 100 years old. Founded in March 3, 1911, the school celebrated 100 year completion in 2011. On the way of Patas road, Shri Chatrapati Shahu Highschool & Jr. College, Baramati where Sharad Pawar Studied for one year (1954–55) in 8th standard. Shree Chhatrapati Shahu Highschool & Jr. College, Baramati established by Padmbhushan Dr. Karmveer Bhaurao Patil (Anna) in 1954, combined with Shahu Boarding.(information by Ghawale D.A. Asst. Teacher, Shahu High school, Baramati)

The city also has a famous CBSE affiliated school.

With over 85 years of experience within the educational space, the Podar Education Network has opened Pre-Primary school under the brand name of Podar Jumbo Kids, Primary and Secondary CBSE school under the brand name of Podar International School in Baramati city in 2014.

The city hosts an agriculture development radio channel, first of its type in India named Vasundhara Krishi Vahini (tunes on 90.4 MHz locally). This provides the farmers reliable information on climate, plant nuterations, production seeds, fertilizers, market, new trends etc. Another radio channel named "Sharada Krishi Vahini" (tunes on 90.8 MHz locally) hosted by Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Baramati launched in January 2011 for same purpose.


The inventor of the CO2-laser Kumar Patel, was born in Baramati, C. Kumar N. Patel (born 2 July 1938) developed the carbon dioxide laser in 1963; it is now widely used in industry for cutting and welding, as a laser scalpel in surgery, and in laser skin resurfacing. Patel currently holds 36 U.S. patents relating to lasers and laser applications. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering and the National Academy of Science, and a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Association for the Advancement of Sciences, the American Physical Society, the IEEE, the Optical Society of America, the Laser Institute of America, and the American Society of Laser Medicine.


Proposal for Baramati district

The Pune District is under proposal to be divided and a separate Baramati District be carved out of existing Pune district with the inclusion of the eastern parts of Pune district which include Shirur, Purandar, Daund, Baramati and Indapur talukas as well as Phaltan taluka from neighbouring Satara district in the proposed Baramati district.


  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Baramati
  2. ^ Vidya Pratishthan
  3. ^ VPCOE Baramati
  4. ^ Kumar Patel

External links

  • Baramati Info - More info on Baramati
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