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Ballon d'Or (1956–2009)

 

Ballon d'Or (1956–2009)

Michel Platini won the Ballon d'Or three times in succession.

The Ballon d'Or (French pronunciation: ​, "Golden Ball") and often referred to as the European Footballer of the Year award, was an annual association football award. It was presented to the player who had been voted to have performed the best over the previous year. The award was conceived by France Football's chief magazine writer Gabriel Hanot, who asked his colleagues to vote for the player of the year in Europe in 1956. The inaugural winner was Stanley Matthews of Blackpool.[1]

Originally, journalists could only vote for European players at European clubs, meaning that players like

  • "European Footballer of the Year ("Ballon d'Or")".  
  • "La liste complête des lauréats du Ballon d'or, de 1956 à nos jours.". Francefootball. Retrieved 24 March 2015. 

External links

  1. ^ a b "Ronaldo joins legendary list". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 1 December 2008. Retrieved 4 December 2008. 
  2. ^ "Matthews wins first Golden Ball". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 1 December 2008. Retrieved 4 December 2008. 
  3. ^ a b "The 1990s Ballon d'Or winners". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 1 December 2008. Retrieved 4 December 2008. 
  4. ^ "Kaka wins 2007 award". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 1 December 2008. Retrieved 4 December 2008. 
  5. ^ "Rankings by Wins".  
  6. ^ "Messi obtiene el Balón de oro 2009".  
  7. ^ "The FIFA Ballon d'Or is born". FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. 5 July 2010. Retrieved 4 December 2012. 
  8. ^ "How the award came about". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 9 August 2011. Retrieved 6 November 2011. 
  9. ^ Bellwood, Tom (4 December 2009). "The best footballers to have never played in the World Cup". Daily Mail. Retrieved 16 June 2011. 
  10. ^ "Juve legend Sívori dies". uefa.com.  
  11. ^ "Johan Cruyff".  
  12. ^ "Sexy football to sexy golf, Gullit shows his class".  
  13. ^ Harris, Nick (7 December 2004). "George Weah: favourite to win biggest battle – leading his country off the field".  
  14. ^ "Fast facts on Ronaldo".  
  15. ^ "Real ropes Ronaldo".  
  16. ^ "Real sign Cannavaro and Emerson". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 19 July 2006. Retrieved 6 December 2008. 
  17. ^ "Man Utd accept £80m Ronaldo bid". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 11 June 2009. Retrieved 11 June 2009. 
  18. ^ http://www.goal.com/es/news/27/liga-de-espa%C3%B1a/2011/12/24/2816156/real-madrid-21-a%C3%B1os-del-%C3%BAnico-s%C3%BAper-bal%C3%B3n-de-oro-de-la
  19. ^ http://www.rsssf.com/miscellaneous/best-x-players-of-y.html#ff-poc

References

  1. ^ Despite being born in Argentina, Alfredo Di Stéfano acquired Spanish citizenship in 1956, and went on to play for the Spanish national football team.
  2. ^ Despite being born in Argentina, Omar Sívori acquired Italian citizenship in 1961, and went on to play for the Italian national football team.
  3. ^ Johan Cruyff was signed by Barcelona from Ajax mid-way through 1973.
  4. ^ Kevin Keegan was signed by Hamburg from Liverpool mid-way through 1977.
  5. ^ Gary Lineker was signed by Barcelona from Everton mid-way through 1986.
  6. ^ Ruud Gullit was signed by Milan from PSV Eindhoven mid-way through 1987.
  7. ^ Paulo Futre was signed by Atlético Madrid from Porto mid-way through 1987.
  8. ^ Frank Rijkaard was signed by Milan from Real Zaragoza mid-way through 1988.
  9. ^ Paris Saint-Germain mid-way through 1995.
  10. ^ Ronaldo was signed by Barcelona from PSV Eindhoven mid-way through 1996.
  11. ^ Ronaldo was signed by Internazionale from Barcelona mid-way through 1997.
  12. ^ Ronaldo was signed by Real Madrid from Internazionale mid-way through 2002.
  13. ^ Deco was signed by Barcelona from Porto mid-way through 2004.
  14. ^ Fabio Cannavaro was signed by Real Madrid from Juventus mid-way through 2006.
  15. ^ Cristiano Ronaldo was signed by Real Madrid from Manchester United mid-way through 2009.

Notes

See also

Player Nationality Points First place Second place Third place Fourth place Fifth place
1 Pelé  Brazil 122 17 5 4 2 1
2 Diego Maradona  Argentina 65 3 6 5 5 1
3 Johan Cruyff  Netherlands 62 1 4 7 9 2
4 Alfredo Di Stéfano  Argentina/ Colombia/ Spain 44 4 3 3 1 1
5 Michel Platini  France 40 1 5 1 3 6

In 1999 George Weah 2 players for 5th place (giving ½ point to each one).

Football Player of the Century

A special Ballon d'Or was given to Alfredo Di Stéfano, In December 1989, under the name of Super Ballon d'Or, which coincided with the 30th anniversary of the French magazine. It was given after a vote where Di Stéfano surpassed Johan Cruyff and Michel Platini. [18]

Super Ballon d'Or

Club Players Total
Juventus 6 8
Milan 6 8
Barcelona 6 7
Real Madrid 5 6
Bayern Munich 3 5
Manchester United 4 4
Dynamo Kyiv 2 2
Internazionale 2 2
Hamburg 1 2
Blackpool 1 1
Dukla Prague 1 1
Dynamo Moscow 1 1
Benfica 1 1
Ferencváros 1 1
Ajax 1 1
Borussia Mönchengladbach 1 1
Marseille 1 1
Borussia Dortmund 1 1
Liverpool 1 1

By club

Country Players Total
 Germany 5 7
 Netherlands 3 7
 France 4 6
 Italy 5 5
 Brazil 4 5
 England 4 5
 Portugal 3 3
 Soviet Union 3 3
 Spain 2 2
 Argentina 2 2
 Czech Republic 2 2
 Bulgaria 1 1
 Denmark 1 1
 Hungary 1 1
 Liberia 1 1
 Northern Ireland 1 1
 Scotland 1 1
 Ukraine 1 1

By country

Player Total Years
Cruyff, JohanJohan Cruyff 3 1971, 1973, 1974
Platini, MichelMichel Platini 3 1983, 1984, 1985
Basten, Marco vanMarco van Basten 3 1988, 1989, 1992
Di Stéfano, AlfredoAlfredo Di Stéfano 2 1957, 1959
Beckenbauer, FranzFranz Beckenbauer 2 1972, 1976
Keegan, KevinKevin Keegan 2 1978, 1979
Rummenigge, Karl-HeinzKarl-Heinz Rummenigge 2 1980, 1981
Zidane, ZinedineZinedine Zidane 2 1998, 2000
Ronaldo 2 1997, 2002
Johan Cruyff pictured with the Ballon d'Or in 1971

Multiple winners

Year 1st Club Points 2nd Club Points 3rd Club Points
1956  Matthews, StanleyStanley Matthews (ENG) Blackpool 47  Di Stéfano, AlfredoAlfredo Di Stéfano (ESP) Real Madrid 44  Kopa, RaymondRaymond Kopa (FRA) Real Madrid 33
1957  Di Stéfano, AlfredoAlfredo Di Stéfano (ESP)[note 1][9] Real Madrid 72  Wright, BillyBilly Wright (ENG) Wolverhampton Wanderers 19  Edwards, DuncanDuncan Edwards (ENG)
 Kopa, RaymondRaymond Kopa (FRA)
Manchester United
Real Madrid
16
1958  Kopa, RaymondRaymond Kopa (FRA) Real Madrid 71  Rahn, HelmutHelmut Rahn (FRG) Rot-Weiss Essen 40  Fontaine, JustJust Fontaine (FRA) Stade de Reims 23
1959  Di Stéfano, AlfredoAlfredo Di Stéfano (ESP) Real Madrid 80  Kopa, RaymondRaymond Kopa (FRA) Real Madrid 42  Charles, JohnJohn Charles (WAL) Juventus 24
1960  Suárez, LuisLuis Suárez (ESP) Barcelona 54  Puskás, FerencFerenc Puskás (HUN) Real Madrid 37  Seeler, UweUwe Seeler (FRG) Hamburg 33
1961  Sívori, OmarOmar Sívori (ITA)[note 2][10] Juventus 46  Suárez, LuisLuis Suárez (ESP) Internazionale 40  Haynes, JohnnyJohnny Haynes (ENG) Fulham 22
1962  Masopust, JosefJosef Masopust (TCH) Dukla Prague 65  Eusébio (POR) Benfica 53  Schnellinger, Karl-HeinzKarl-Heinz Schnellinger (FRG) Köln 33
1963  Yashin, LevLev Yashin (URS) Dynamo Moscow 73  Rivera, GianniGianni Rivera (ITA) Milan 53  Greaves, JimmyJimmy Greaves (ENG) Tottenham Hotspur 33
1964  Law, DenisDenis Law (SCO) Manchester United 61  Suárez, LuisLuis Suárez (ESP) Internazionale 43  Amancio (ESP) Real Madrid 38
1965  Eusébio (POR) Benfica 67  Facchetti, GiacintoGiacinto Facchetti (ITA) Internazionale 59  Suárez, LuisLuis Suárez (ESP) Internazionale 45
1966  Charlton, BobbyBobby Charlton (ENG) Manchester United 81  Eusébio (POR) Benfica 80  Beckenbauer, FranzFranz Beckenbauer (FRG) Bayern Munich 59
1967  Albert, FlóriánFlórián Albert (HUN) Ferencvárosi TC 68  Charlton, BobbyBobby Charlton (ENG) Manchester United 40  Johnstone, JimmyJimmy Johnstone (SCO) Celtic 39
1968  Best, George)NIR( Manchester United 61  Charlton, BobbyBobby Charlton (ENG) Manchester United 53  Džajić, DraganDragan Džajić (YUG) Red Star Belgrade 46
1969  Rivera, GianniGianni Rivera (ITA) Milan 83  Riva, LuigiLuigi Riva (ITA) Cagliari 79  Müller, GerdGerd Müller (FRG) Bayern Munich 38
1970  Müller, GerdGerd Müller (FRG) Bayern Munich 77  Moore, BobbyBobby Moore (ENG) West Ham United 70  Riva, LuigiLuigi Riva (ITA) Cagliari 65
1971  Cruyff, JohanJohan Cruyff (NED) Ajax 116  Mazzola, SandroSandro Mazzola (ITA) Internazionale 57  Best, George)NIR( Manchester United 56
1972  Beckenbauer, FranzFranz Beckenbauer (FRG) Bayern Munich 81  Müller, GerdGerd Müller (FRG)
 Netzer, GünterGünter Netzer (FRG)
Bayern Munich
Borussia Mönchengladbach
79 &
&
&
1973  Cruyff, JohanJohan Cruyff (NED)[note 3][11] Barcelona 96  Zoff, DinoDino Zoff (ITA) Juventus 47  Müller, GerdGerd Müller (FRG) Bayern Munich 44
1974  Cruyff, JohanJohan Cruyff (NED) Barcelona 116  Beckenbauer, FranzFranz Beckenbauer (FRG) Bayern Munich 105  Deyna, KazimierzKazimierz Deyna (POL) Legia Warsaw 35
1975  Blokhin, OlegOleg Blokhin (URS) Dynamo Kyiv 122  Beckenbauer, FranzFranz Beckenbauer (FRG) Bayern Munich 42  Cruyff, JohanJohan Cruyff (NED) Barcelona 27
1976  Beckenbauer, FranzFranz Beckenbauer (FRG) Bayern Munich 91  Rensenbrink, RobRob Rensenbrink (NED) Anderlecht 75  Viktor, IvoIvo Viktor (TCH) Dukla Prague 52
1977  Simonsen, AllanAllan Simonsen (DEN) Borussia Mönchengladbach 74  Keegan, KevinKevin Keegan (ENG)[note 4] Hamburg 71  Platini, MichelMichel Platini (FRA) Nancy 70
1978  Keegan, KevinKevin Keegan (ENG) Hamburg 87  Krankl, HansHans Krankl (AUT) Barcelona 81  Rensenbrink, RobRob Rensenbrink (NED) Anderlecht 50
1979  Keegan, KevinKevin Keegan (ENG) Hamburg 118  Rummenigge, Karl-HeinzKarl-Heinz Rummenigge (FRG) Bayern Munich 52  Krol, RuudRuud Krol (NED) Ajax 41
1980  Rummenigge, Karl-HeinzKarl-Heinz Rummenigge (FRG) Bayern Munich 122  Schuster, BerndBernd Schuster (FRG) Barcelona 34  Platini, MichelMichel Platini (FRA) Saint-Étienne 33
1981  Rummenigge, Karl-HeinzKarl-Heinz Rummenigge (FRG) Bayern Munich 106  Breitner, PaulPaul Breitner (FRG) Bayern Munich 64  Schuster, BerndBernd Schuster (FRG) Barcelona 39
1982  Rossi, PaoloPaolo Rossi (ITA) Juventus 115  Giresse, AlainAlain Giresse (FRA) Bordeaux 64  Boniek, ZbigniewZbigniew Boniek (POL) Juventus 53
1983  Platini, MichelMichel Platini (FRA) Juventus 110  Dalglish, KennyKenny Dalglish (SCO) Liverpool 26  Simonsen, AllanAllan Simonsen (DEN) Vejle 25
1984  Platini, MichelMichel Platini (FRA) Juventus 110  Tigana, JeanJean Tigana (FRA) Bordeaux 57  Elkjær, PrebenPreben Elkjær (DEN) Verona 48
1985  Platini, MichelMichel Platini (FRA) Juventus 127  Elkjær, PrebenPreben Elkjær (DEN) Verona 71  Schuster, BerndBernd Schuster (FRG) Barcelona 46
1986  Belanov, IgorIgor Belanov (URS) Dynamo Kyiv 84  Lineker, GaryGary Lineker (ENG)[note 5] Barcelona 62  Butragueño, EmilioEmilio Butragueño (ESP) Real Madrid 59
1987  Gullit, RuudRuud Gullit (NED)[note 6][12] Milan 106  Futre, PauloPaulo Futre (POR)[note 7] Atlético Madrid 91  Butragueño, EmilioEmilio Butragueño (ESP) Real Madrid 61
1988  Basten, Marco vanMarco van Basten (NED) Milan 129  Gullit, RuudRuud Gullit (NED) Milan 88  Rijkaard, FrankFrank Rijkaard (NED)[note 8] Milan 45
1989  Basten, Marco vanMarco van Basten (NED) Milan 129  Baresi, FrancoFranco Baresi (ITA) Milan 80  Rijkaard, FrankFrank Rijkaard (NED) Milan 43
1990  Matthäus, LotharLothar Matthäus (GER) Internazionale 137  Schillaci, SalvatoreSalvatore Schillaci (ITA) Juventus 84  Brehme, AndreasAndreas Brehme (GER) Internazionale 68
1991  Papin, Jean-PierreJean-Pierre Papin (FRA) Marseille 141  Savićević, DejanDejan Savićević (YUG)
 Pančev, DarkoDarko Pančev (YUG)
 Matthäus, LotharLothar Matthäus (GER)
Red Star Belgrade
Red Star Belgrade
Internazionale
42 &
&
&
1992  Basten, Marco vanMarco van Basten (NED) Milan 98  Stoichkov, HristoHristo Stoichkov (BUL) Barcelona 80  Bergkamp, DennisDennis Bergkamp (NED) Ajax 53
1993  Baggio, RobertoRoberto Baggio (ITA) Juventus 142  Bergkamp, DennisDennis Bergkamp (NED) Internazionale 83  Cantona, EricEric Cantona (FRA) Manchester United 34
1994  Stoichkov, HristoHristo Stoichkov (BUL) Barcelona 210  Baggio, RobertoRoberto Baggio (ITA) Juventus 136  Maldini, PaoloPaolo Maldini (ITA) Milan 109
1995  Weah, George)LBR([note 9][13] Milan 144  Klinsmann, JürgenJürgen Klinsmann (GER) Bayern Munich 108  Litmanen, JariJari Litmanen (FIN) Ajax 67
1996  Sammer, MatthiasMatthias Sammer (GER) Borussia Dortmund 144  Ronaldo (BRA)[note 10] Barcelona 143  Shearer, AlanAlan Shearer (ENG) Newcastle United 107
1997  Ronaldo (BRA)[note 11][14] Internazionale 222  Mijatović, PredragPredrag Mijatović (SCG) Real Madrid 68  Zidane, ZinedineZinedine Zidane (FRA) Juventus 63
1998  Zidane, ZinedineZinedine Zidane (FRA) Juventus 244  Šuker, DavorDavor Šuker (CRO) Real Madrid 68  Ronaldo (BRA) Internazionale 66
1999  Rivaldo (BRA) Barcelona 219  Beckham, DavidDavid Beckham (ENG) Manchester United 154  Shevchenko, AndriyAndriy Shevchenko (UKR) Milan 64
2000  Figo, LuisLuis Figo (POR) Barcelona 197  Raúl (ESP) Real Madrid 181  Shevchenko, AndriyAndriy Shevchenko (UKR) Milan 85
2001  Owen, MichaelMichael Owen (ENG) Liverpool 176  Raúl (ESP) Real Madrid 140  Kahn, OliverOliver Kahn (GER) Bayern Munich 114
2002  Ronaldo (BRA)[note 12][15] Real Madrid 169  Carlos, RobertoRoberto Carlos (BRA) Real Madrid 145  Kahn, OliverOliver Kahn (GER) Bayern Munich 110
2003  Nedvěd, PavelPavel Nedvěd (CZE) Juventus 190  Henry, ThierryThierry Henry (FRA) Arsenal 128  Maldini, PaoloPaolo Maldini (ITA) Milan 123
2004  Shevchenko, AndriyAndriy Shevchenko (UKR) Milan 175  Deco (POR)[note 13] Barcelona 139  Ronaldinho (BRA) Barcelona 133
2005  Ronaldinho (BRA) Barcelona 225  Lampard, FrankFrank Lampard (ENG) Chelsea 148  Gerrard, StevenSteven Gerrard (ENG) Liverpool 142
2006  Cannavaro, FabioFabio Cannavaro (ITA)[note 14][16] Real Madrid 173  Buffon, GianluigiGianluigi Buffon (ITA) Juventus 124  Henry, ThierryThierry Henry (FRA) Arsenal 121
2007  Kaká (BRA) Milan 444  Ronaldo, CristianoCristiano Ronaldo (POR) Manchester United 277  Messi, LionelLionel Messi (ARG) Barcelona 255
2008  Ronaldo, CristianoCristiano Ronaldo (POR) Manchester United 446  Messi, LionelLionel Messi (ARG) Barcelona 281  Torres, FernandoFernando Torres (ESP) Liverpool 179
2009  Messi, LionelLionel Messi (ARG) Barcelona 473  Ronaldo, CristianoCristiano Ronaldo (POR)[note 15][17] Real Madrid 233  Xavi (ESP) Barcelona 170
2010 onwards Merged with the FIFA World Player of the Year awards to create the FIFA Ballon d'Or

Winners

Contents

  • Winners 1
    • Multiple winners 1.1
    • By country 1.2
    • By club 1.3
  • Super Ballon d'Or 2
  • Football Player of the Century 3
  • See also 4
  • Notes 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

The Ballon d'Or and the men's FIFA World Player of the Year award were merged in 2010 and the world's best male player has since been awarded the FIFA Ballon d'Or each year.[7] UEFA created the UEFA Best Player in Europe Award in 2011, so it could keep the prestige of the old Ballon d'Or after it was merged to create the FIFA Ballon d'Or.[8]

Three players have won the award three times each: Johan Cruyff, Michel Platini and Marco van Basten. Platini is the only player to have won the award three times in a row, when he won the award from 1983 to 1985.[1] Ronaldo became the first Brazilian to win the award in 1997, after non-Europeans were made eligible.[3] With seven awards each, Dutch and German players won the Ballon d'Or the most. Italian clubs Juventus and Milan had the most winners respectively; six players have won eight awards while playing for each team.[5] The final recipient of the Ballon d'Or was Lionel Messi, the third Argentine to win the award, but the first as an Argentine citizen.[6]

[4] In 2007, any player in the world became eligible, and the number of journalists allowed to vote also increased; 96 journalists from around the world chose their top five players, as opposed to the 52 Europe-based journalists in 2006.[3]

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