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Baldassarre Peruzzi

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Title: Baldassarre Peruzzi  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Orsini family, Claude Lorrain, Todi, Siena Cathedral, Sebastiano del Piombo, Villa Farnesina, Montepulciano, Carpi, Emilia-Romagna, Sant'Angelo, Rome, San Petronio Basilica
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Baldassarre Peruzzi

Baldassare Peruzzi
Baldassare Peruzzi, Muses Dancing with Apollo
Birth name Baldassare Tommaso Peruzzi
Born (1481-03-07)7 March 1481
Siena, Italy
Died 6 January 1537(1537-01-06) (aged 55)
Nationality Italian
Field Painting, Architecture
Movement High Renaissance
Works Decoration of Villa Farnesina
Palazzo Massimo alle Colonne

Baldassare Tommaso Peruzzi (7 March 1481 – 6 January 1536) was an Italian architect and painter, born in a small town near Siena and died in Rome. He worked for many years with Bramante, Raphael, and later Sangallo during the erection of the new St. Peter's. He returned to his native Siena after the Sack of Rome (1527) where he was employed as architect to the Republic. For the Sienese he built new fortifications for the city and designed (though did not build) a remarkable dam on the Bruna River near Giuncarico. He seems to have moved back to Rome permanently by 1535.

He was a painter of frescoes in the Cappella San Giovanni (Chapel of St. John the Baptist) in the Duomo of Siena.

His son Giovanni Sallustio was also an architect.

Design and decoration of Villa Farnesina

Almost all art critics ascribe to him the design of the Villa Chigi in Rome, now known more commonly as the [3]

Other work

the ark were formerly considered works of Raphael.

Peruzzi had produced for the church of S. Croce in Jerusalem a mosaic ceiling, the beautiful keystone of which represented the Saviour. Other paintings ascribed to him are to be found in Sant'Onofrio and San Pietro in Montorio. That Peruzzi improved as time went on is evident in his later works, e.g., the "Madonna with Saints" in S. Maria della Pace at Rome, and the fresco of Augustus and the Tiburtine Sibyl in Fontegiusta at Siena. As our master interested himself in the decorative art also, he exercised a strong influence in this direction, not only by his own decorative paintings but also by furnishing designs for craftsmen of various kinds. While primarily being an architect, of his great loves was drawing and he was especially well known for his extraordinary studies of antique buildings, as seen in The Mystic Marriage of Saint Catherine (1502–1503) in the Allen Memorial Art Museum.[1]

His final architectural masterpiece, the Palazzo Massimo alle Colonne (1535) located on the modern day Corso Vittorio Emanuele, is well known for its curving facade, ingenious planning, and architecturally rich interior.

He made significant but unspecified contributions to what would become the Seven Books of Architecture, published in installments after Peruzzi's death by his pupil, Sebastiano Serlio.


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External links

  • Web Gallery of Art: Perspective View of the Sala delle Prospettive
  • The Catholic Encyclopedia:Baldassare Peruzzi

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