World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Bahrain–European Union relations

 

Bahrain–European Union relations

Bahraini—European relations
Map indicating locations of European Union and Bahrain

European Union

Bahrain

Bahrain–European Union relations are the international relations between the Kingdom of Bahrain in the Persian Gulf and the European Union (EU).

Contents

  • History 1
  • Environment 2
  • Trade 3
  • Further reading 4
  • References 5

History

Bahrain, as part of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), signed a cooperation agreement with the EU in 1988. This paved the way for closer economic and political relations. In 2013, the GCC and EU ministerial meeting occurred in Manama and was co-chaired by the EU High Representative-Vice President Catherine Ashton and the Bahraini Foreign Minister Shaikh Khalid bin Ahmed Al Khalifa.[1]

Bahrain has been criticised by the EU for its treatment of political activists during and after the 2011 Bahraini uprising.[2]

Environment

In May 2015, Bahrain and the EU have expressed interest in hosting joint environmental projects, which includes preservation of the country's biodiversity and a review of environmental legislation.[3][4]

Trade

The EU is the GCC's largest trading partner, valued at €152 billion which accounts for over 13% of total exports. In turn, the GCC is the EU's fifth largest export market, which is worth €95 billion.[1]

Since 1990, the GCC and EU have entered negotiations for a free trade agreement. However, recurrent disputes have resulted in the talks being suspended by the GCC multiple names, the most recent of which being in 2008.[1][5]

Further reading

  • Original text of Cooperation Agreement between the European Economic Community and the Gulf Cooperation Council

References

  1. ^ a b c "EU relations with the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)". European Union. External European Action Service. Retrieved 23 July 2015. 
  2. ^ "EU/Bahrain: EU Should Demand Release of Activists". Human Rights Watch. Retrieved 23 July 2015. 
  3. ^ "Official document" (PDF). Draft Recommendations from Bahrain Europe Environment Week. Arab Regional Centre For World Heritage. Retrieved 23 July 2015. 
  4. ^ "Joint Bahrain-EU environmental projects on the way". TradeArabia. 28 May 2015. Retrieved 23 July 2015. 
  5. ^ Savage, Bernard (2008). The Report: Bahrain 2008. Oxford Business Group. p. 23.  
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.