World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Bahá'í Faith and the unity of humanity

Article Id: WHEBN0002346308
Reproduction Date:

Title: Bahá'í Faith and the unity of humanity  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Bahá'í Faith, Louis George Gregory, Universalism, Bahá'í Faith/Did you know, Bahá'í Faith and the unity of religion
Collection: Bahá'Í Belief and Doctrine, Religion and Race
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Bahá'í Faith and the unity of humanity

The Bahá'í Faith and the unity of humanity is one of the central teachings of the Bahá'í Faith.[1] The Bahá'í teachings state that since all humans have been created in the image of God, God does not make any distinction between people regardless of race or colour.[2] Thus, because all humans have been created equal, they all require equal opportunities and treatment.[1] Thus the Bahá'í view promotes the unity of humanity, and that people's vision should be world-embracing and that people should love the whole world rather than just their nation.[2] The teaching, however, does not equal unity with uniformity, but instead the Bahá'í writings advocate for the principle of unity in diversity where the variety in the human race is valued.[3]

Contents

  • Oneness 1
    • Unity in diversity 1.1
    • Elimination of prejudice 1.2
  • Political unity 2
  • See also 3
  • Notes 4
  • References 5
  • Further reading 6
  • External links 7

Oneness

The Bahá'í teaching of the unity of

  • `Abdu'l-Bahá on Unity and Peace
  • Shoghi Effendi on Unity
  • Warwick Leaflet on Race Unity
  • U.S. NSA on Race Unity
  • Robert Stockman & Jonah Winters' Resource Guide

External links

  •  
  •  
  •  
  • Nakhjavání, Alí (2005). Towards World Order. Baha'i Publications Australia.  
  •  
  • Compilations (1985). Research Department of the Universal House of Justice, ed. Peace. Bahá’í World Centre. 

Further reading

  • Buck, Christopher (1999). Paradise and Paradigm: Key Symbols in Persian Christianity and the Baha'i Faith. State University of New York Press.  
  • Chryssides, George D. (1999). Exploring New Religions. Continuum International Publishing.  
  • Hatcher, W.S.; Martin, J.D. (1998). The Bahá'í Faith: The Emerging Global Religion. San Francisco: Harper & Row.  
  • McMullen, Mike (2003). "The Baha'i Faith in the World and in America". In Neusner, Jacob. World Religions in America. Westminster John Knox Press.  
  • Schweitz, Marth L. (2003). "Baha'i". In Cookson, Catharine. Encyclopedia of religious freedom. Routledge.  
  • Smith, Peter (2008). An Introduction to the Baha'i Faith. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.  
  • Smith, Peter (2000). A concise encyclopedia of the Bahá'í Faith. Oxford: Oneworld Publications.  
  • Stockman, Robert (2000). "The Baha'i Faith". In Beversluis, Joel. Sourcebook of the World's Religions. New World Library.  

References

  1. ^ a b Stockman 2000, p. 7
  2. ^ a b c Smith 2008, p. 138
  3. ^ a b c Smith 2008, p. 139
  4. ^ a b c Hatcher & Martin 1998, p. 75
  5. ^ a b c d e Hatcher & Martin 1998, p. 76
  6. ^ `Abdu'l-Bahá 1918, p. 183
  7. ^ a b c Hatcher & Martin 1998, p. 78
  8. ^ Momen, Moojan (1989). "Is the Baha'i Faith a World Religion?". In McGlinn, Sen. Soundings: Essays in Bahá'í Theology. Christchurch, NZ: : Open Circle Publishing. pp. 55–64. 
  9. ^ Lamb, Artemus (November 1995). The Beginnings of the Bahá'í Faith in Latin America:Some Remembrances, English Revised and Amplified Edition. West Linn, OR: M L VanOrman Enterprises. 
  10. ^ "Latin American Administration Develops". Bahá'í News (197): p. 3. July 1947. 
  11. ^ "Historical Background of the Panama Temple". Bahá'í News (493): p. 2. April 1972. 
  12. ^  
  13. ^ a b Garlington, William (June 1997). "The Baha'i Faith in India: A Developmental Stage Approach". Occasional Papers in Shaykhi, Babi and Baha'i Studies (2). Retrieved 2010-05-30. 
  14. ^ Garlington, William (January 1998). "The Baha'i Bhajans: An example of the Baha'i Use of Hindu Symbols". Occasional Papers in Shaykhi, Babi and Baha'i Studies 02 (1). Retrieved 2010-05-30. 
  15. ^ "Overview Of World Religions". General Essay on the Religions of Sub-Saharan Africa. Division of Religion and Philosophy,  
  16. ^ "United States Africa Teaching Committee; Goals for this year". Bahá'í News (283): p. 10–11. September 1954. 
  17. ^ Addison, Donald Francis; Buck, Christopher (2007). "Messengers of God in North America Revisited: An Exegesis of "Abdu'l-Bahá's Tablet to Amír Khán" (PDF). Online Journal of Bahá'í Studies (London: Association for Bahá'í Studies English-Speaking Europe) 01: 180–270.  
  18. ^ Were, Graeme (2005). and the coming of the Baha'is to Northern New Ireland, Papua New Guinea"Katom"Thinking through images: (PDF). Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 11 (4): 659–676.  
  19. ^ Chryssides 1999, p. 250
  20. ^ Smith 2000, pp. 275–276
  21. ^ McMullen 2003, p. 17
  22. ^ Venters, III, Louis E. (2010). Most great reconstruction: The Baha'i Faith in Jim Crow South Carolina, 1898-1965 (Thesis). Colleges of Arts and Sciences University of South Carolina. pp. v, 4, 150, 297.  
  23. ^ a b Truth and Reconciliation Commission of South Africa Report (1998-10-29). "Regional Profile: Eastern Cape and Appendix: Statistics on Violations in the Eastern Cape" (PDF). Volume Three - Truth and Reconciliation Commission of South Africa Report. Truth and Reconciliation Commission of South Africa Report. pp. 32, 146. Retrieved 2008-03-19. 
  24. ^ a b National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá'ís of South Africa (1997-11-19). "Statement to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission". Official Webpage. National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá'ís of South Africa. Retrieved 2008-03-19. 
  25. ^ a b Truth and Reconciliation Commission of South Africa (1998-10-29). "various chapters" (PDF). Volume Four - Truth and Reconciliation Commission of South Africa Report. Truth and Reconciliation Commission of South Africa. paragraphs 6, 27, 75, 84, 102. Retrieved 2008-03-19. 
  26. ^ Reber, Pat (1999-05-02). "Baha'i Church Shooting Verdicts in". South Africa Associated Press. Retrieved 2008-03-19. 
  27. ^ Bahá'u'lláh 1976, pp. 249–250
  28. ^ a b Hatcher & Martin 1998, p. 77
  29. ^ Effendi 1938, pp. 42–43

Notes

See also

Thus in the Bahá'í view, unity must be expressed by building a universal and unified social system that is based on spiritual principles. In this view, the fundamental purpose of society is spiritual and is to create a society that is favourable to the healthy development of all its peoples.[28]

The principle of the Oneness of Mankind — the pivot round which all the teachings of Bahá'u'lláh revolve — is no mere outburst of ignorant emotionalism or an expression of vague and pious hope. Its appeal is not to be merely identified with a reawakening of the spirit of brotherhood and good-will among men, nor does it aim solely at the fostering of harmonious cooperation among individual peoples and nations. Its implications are deeper, its claims greater than any which the Prophets of old were allowed to advance. Its message is applicable not only to the individual, but concerns itself primarily with the nature of those essential relationships that must bind all the states and nations as members of one human family. ... It implies an organic change in the structure of present-day society, a change such as the world has not yet experienced. ... It calls for no less than the reconstruction and the demilitarization of the whole civilized world ...[29]

[5], the head of the Bahá'í Faith in the first half of the 20th century, wrote:Shoghi Effendi [5] In Bahá'í belief, humanity has gone through a process of [28] The Bahá'í teachings thus state that it is not sufficient that humanity acknowledge its oneness and still live in a disunited world that contains prejudice and conflict.

It is not for him to pride himself who loveth his own country, but rather for him who loveth the whole world. The earth is but one country, and Mankind its citizens.[27]

An essential mission in Bahá'u'lláh's, the founder of the Bahá'í Faith, teachings was to bring about a consciousness in the people's of the world regarding the oneness of humankind.[5] However, Bahá'u'lláh stated that along with the increase in individual and collective consciousness of the oneness of humanity, new social structures are also needed for the oneness of humanity to be achieved.[7] He wrote:[7]

Political unity

Abhorring all forms of prejudice and rejecting any system of segregation, the Bahá'í Faith was introduced on a one to one basis and the community quietly grew during the apartheid years, without publicity. Despite the nature of the politics of that time, we presented our teachings on unity and the oneness of humankind to prominent individuals in politics, commerce and academia and leaders of thought including State Presidents.... [b]oth individual Bahá'ís and our administrative institutions were continually watched by the security police.... Our activities did not include opposition to the previous Government for involvement in partisan politics and opposition to government are explicitly prohibited by the sacred Texts of our Faith.... During the time when the previous Government prohibited integration within our communities, rather than divide into separate administrative structures for each population group, we opted to limit membership of the Bahá'í Administration to the black adherents who were and remain in the majority of our membership and thereby placed the entire Bahá'í community under the stewardship of its black membership.... The pursuit of our objectives of unity and equality has not been without costs. The "white" Bahá'ís were often ostracized by their white neighbours for their association with "non-whites". The Black Bahá'ís were subjected to scorn by their black compatriots for their lack of political action and their complete integration with their white Bahá'í brethren. The most tragic loss to our community was the brutal execution of four of our adherents, at our places of worship, three in Mdantsane and one in Umtata.[23][24][25][26]

One of the main principles of the Bahá'í Faith that comes about from the unity of humanity is the elimination of all forms of Apartheid, the integrated population of Bahá'ís had to decide how to be composed in their administrative structures – whether the National Spiritual Assembly would be all black or all white. The Bahá'í community decided that instead of dividing the South African Bahá'í community into two population groups, one black and one white, they instead limited membership in the Bahá'í administration to black adherents, and placed the entire Bahá'í community under the leadership of its black population.[23][24][25] In 1997 the National Spiritual Assembly presented a Statement to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of South Africa which said in part:

Elimination of prejudice

. Bahá'í Faith in Papua New Guinea See [18].kastom Bahá'ís are regarded by other Naliks as arbiters of traditional knowledge and practices, the Christian missions and their followers are seen as antagonistic to Nalik. In Papua New Guinea whereas Christian missionaries openly opposed traditional funerary art and performances, the Bahá'ís encouraged their production as a form of worship. Thus while Bahá'í Faith and Native Americans, a well known researcher of Native Americans, observed that the Bahá‘í Faith is considered by its members to be a universal faith, not tied to any one particular culture, religious background, language, or even country of origin. See Alice Beck Kehoe And in 1963 anthropologist [17] Since then other examples of this pattern of growing respect for cultures has taken hold in specific instances. Unlike the spread of Christianity within Indian country in the United States, the Bahá‘í Faith has never been associated with a fortification of colonial occupation, Euro-American assimilation, or forced conversions of Native Americans. Indeed in 1960

While those early processes continued locally international attention shifted to Africa for Bahá'ís in the West and East. In Africa there was widespread conversions to the religion following the 1950s.[15] It was emphasized that pioneers be self-effacing and focus their efforts not on the colonial leadership but on the native Africans[16] - and that the pioneers must show by actions the sincerity of their sense of service to the Africans in bringing the religion and then the Africans who understand their new religion are to be given freedom to rise up and spread the religion according to their own sensibilities and the pioneers to disperse or step into the background. See Bahá'í Faith in Africa.

The cultural norms in the religion have gone through major transitions.[8] In the later 1930s and 1940s Bahá'ís in the West began a systematic implementation of the Tablets of the Divine Plan towards Latin America.[9][10] At a certain stage of the process regional coordinating committees were appointed and a stated purpose for them was to facilitate a shift in the balance of roles from North American leading guidance and Latin cooperation to Latin leading guidance and North American cooperation.[11] The process was well underway by 1950 and was to be enforced about 1953. By 1961 most Latin and South American countries had their own national assembly.[12] See Bahá'í Faith in Latin America. Almost in parallel with this process in the West in the East Bahá'ís in India were embarking on a comparable process. The Bahá'í message had for decades been primarily addressed to Indian Muslims and Parsees (Zoroastrians), a re-interpretation of the Bahá'í message in accordance with Hindu ideas was undertaken to reach the masses of Hindus.[13][14] In two more years almost as many people converted as had been Bahá'ís through regions of Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat. By 1970 there were 3,350 assemblies and over 312,000 believers.[13] See Bahá'í Faith in India.

The Bahá'í writings note that unity will not be arrived at through the suppression of difference, but instead when each respects the intrinsic value of other individuals and cultures. In this view, it is not the diversity that causes conflict, but rather people's intolerance and prejudice towards diversity.[7]

The world of humanity is like unto a rose garden and the various races, tongues and people are like unto contrasting flowers. The diversity of colors in a rose-garden adds to the charm and beauty of the scene as variety enhances unity.[6]

In the Bahá'í view, unity does not equal uniformity, but instead the Bahá'í writings advocate for the principle of unity in diversity where the variety in the human race is valued.[3] `Abdu'l-Bahá, the son of the founder of the religion, compared the human race to a flower garden where the garden was made more beautiful by its diversities of colour and form.[3]

Unity in diversity

In the Bahá'í view, humanity has always constituted one group, but that ignorance, prejudice and power-seeking have prevented the recognition of the oneness of humanity.[5] The historical differences that have existed between different ethnic groups is attributable to differences in education and cultural opportunities over a long-term, as well as to racial prejudice and oppression.[4]

[4]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.