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Ayşe Hafsa Sultan

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Subject: Suleiman the Magnificent, Marmaris, Crimean Tatars, Manisa, List of Crimean Tatars, Valide sultan, Nurbanu Sultan, Selim I, Urla, İzmir, Meñli I Giray
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Ayşe Hafsa Sultan

Ayşe Hafsa Sultan
Valide Sultan

Bust of Ayşe Hafsa Sultan in Manisa, Turkey
Spouse Sultan Selim I
Issue
Sultan Suleiman I
Şehzade Orhan
Şehzade Musa
Şehzade Korkut
Hatice Sultan
Beyhan Sultan
Şah Sultan
Fatma Sultan
Full name
Devletlû İsmetlû Ayşe Hafsa Vâlide Sultân Aliyyetü'ş-Şân Hazretleri
House House of Osman (by marriage)
Father Meñli I Giray
Born Sunday, 21 Ramadan, 884 A.H/ December 5, 1479 A.D(Old Style)
Bakhchysarai, Crimean Khanate
Died Thursday, 5 Ramadan, 940 A.H/ March 19, 1534 A.D (Old Style)

Age was 54 years 3 months 14 days,
Constantinople, Ottoman Empire

Burial Yavuz Selim Mosque, Fatih, Constantinople[1][2] (present day Istanbul)
Religion Islam

Ayşe Hafsa Valide Sultan, or in short, Hafsa Sultan (Ottoman Turkish: عائشہ حفصہ سلطان), sometimes also transcribed as "A'ishā Hâfize Sultana" in strict transliteration, (5 December 1479 – 19 March 1534) was the first "Valide Sultan" (Queen Mother) of the Ottoman Empire, wife of Selim I and mother of Suleiman the Magnificent. During the period between her son's enthronement in 1520 and her death in 1534, she was one of the most influential persons in the Empire, as her son's de facto co-regent during these fourteen years, coming second only to the sovereign, which is a point remarked also by the ambassadors of European powers at the Ottoman court.[3]

Origins

Although Ayşe Hafsa Sultan’s year of birth is known, historians debate whether she was the daughter of Meñli I Giray of the Crimean Khanate. According to an alternative theory, the daughter of Meñli I Giray of the Crimean Khanate was another consort of Selim I known as Ayşe Hatun, consequently the stepmother of Suleiman the Magnificent.

Life

Having resided in the city of Manisa in western Turkey with her son, who administered the surrounding region between 1513 to 1520, the town being one of the traditional residences for Ottoman crown princes (şehzade) in apprenticeship for future power, Ayşe Hafsa Sultan is the initiator of the Manisa's "Mesir Festival", a local tradition still continued today. She also had a large complex consisting of a mosque, a primary school, a college and a hospice built in the city.

She was also the first imperial spouse to be called by the title usually rendered in English language as "Sultana" (full title in Turkish; "Valide Sultan", literally "the Queen Mother" but in only approximate terms in the Ottoman context). Her period signalled the shifting status of the sultan's mother and her increased share in power.[4] After the birth of her son Suleiman the Magnificent born on 6 November 1494 in Trabzon, she had also four daughters: Hatice, Beyhan, Şah and Fatma[5]

Ayşe Hafsa Sultan died in March 1534 and was buried near her husband in a mausoleum behind the qiblah wall of Yavuz Selim Mosque, in Fatih, Istanbul. The mausoleum was largely destroyed in an earthquake in 1884, a reconstruction effort started in the 1900s (decade) having been left discontinued, and her tomb today is much simpler than it was built originally.


References

Further reading

External links

Royal titles
Preceded by
Emine Gülbahar Hatun
Valide Sultan
1520–1534
Succeeded by
Nurbanu Sultan

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