World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Axioupoli

Article Id: WHEBN0003198781
Reproduction Date:

Title: Axioupoli  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Paionia (municipality), Livadia, Kilkis, Kilkis (regional unit), Polykastro, Kampochori
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Axioupoli

Axioupoli
Αξιούπολη
Axioupoli is located in Greece
Axioupoli
Coordinates:
Country Greece
Administrative region Central Macedonia
Regional unit Kilkis
Municipality Paionia
Population (2001)[1]
 • Municipal unit 6,725
Community
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Vehicle registration ΚΙ

Axioupoli (Greek: Αξιούπολη), known until 1927 as Boymitsa (Боймица, Μποέμιτσα), is a small town and a former municipality in the former Paionia Province of Kilkis regional unit, Greek Macedonia. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality Paionia, of which it is a municipal unit.[2] In 2001 the town had a population of 3,458, and the municipal unit 6,725.

Contents

  • Name 1
    • History 1.1
    • Demographics 1.2
    • Location 1.3
    • Sightseeing 1.4
    • Education 1.5
    • Famous people born in the town 1.6
  • External links 2
  • References 3

Name

Its ancient name was Atalanti and it was established in prehistoric times.[3] Atalanti was conquered by Bottieans who came into the area in the 12th century BC. In the 5th century BC Atalanti was annexed in the Macedonian kingdom and by that time it followed the Greek history. The Bulgarian and Macedonian name is Boymitsa/Bojmica (Cyrillic: Боймица/Бојмица) by which the town was known until the name was changed in 1927. There have been suggestions that its former name was obtained during the era of Byzantine Empire and its transliteration means strong. Slavic tribes, who entered the area in the 7th century AD, named the area Boymitsa, which means 'little Boymia', because the valley of Axios looks like the Valley of Bohemia (although during the Ottoman era the valley of Axios river used to be called Roumlouki, meaning 'Valley of Greeks'). The town was renamed Axioupoli on 1 January 1927, after the river Axios in its vicinity.

History

Church in Axioupoli.

Refounded in 1760 by

  1. ^ De Facto Population of Greece Population and Housing Census of March 18th, 2001 (PDF 39 MB). National Statistical Service of Greece. 2003. 
  2. ^ Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
  3. ^ "History of Macedonia I" N. G. L. Hammond, 1972
  4. ^ a b In Greek: Obscure Native Macedonian Fighters" Company of Macedonian Studies (CMS), University Studio Press, Thessaloniki, 2008]
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h In Greek: "The Macedonian Struggle" K. Vakalopoulos, C. Nerantzis, 2000

References

  • Official Site

External links

  • Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization (IMRO) Revolutionary (1869–1911)
Postcard with a picture of Apostol Petkov.

Famous people born in the town

Axioupoli has a complete system of State schools including one Nursery school, two Primary, two Elementary, one Secondary and one High School. There is also a Technical school (EPAL). Apart from these you can find two Private Foreign Language Schools (Hassapi-Sidera and Sphera).

Education

To reach Axioupoli it is most possible to cross [Axios river][6], which is mentioned on Homer's Iliad as Peones, who used to live in the area, fought in the Troy war. You can visit the Natural History Museum [7], one of the best in Greece, the Library, [Mega Rema (Kotzadere)][8], the Statue of Liberty in the main square and the [Metalio Lake][9], the [big Plane tree][10] which tradition has as being there since the era of Alexander the Great. Last but not least, it is worth visiting the Blue Lake on mountain Paiko. It is situated between village Koupa and village of Skra, which is internationally famous for the battle that took place there during the first World War, on 17 May 1917.

Sightseeing

The town is located 547 km (340 mi) north-northwest of Athens the capital of Greece; 62 km (39 mi) northwest from the regional capital Thessaloniki; 33.9 km (21.1 mi) west from the regional unit capital Kilkis, 3.5 km (2.2 mi) west from the small town of Polykastro. It is West of the Axios River.

Location

Year Population
1920 1,595
1928 1,945
1940 2,237
1951 2,738
1961 3,564
1971 3,155

Demographics

On 8 April 1944 the Germans took control of the town, which gave them access to the railroads, bridges and control over the supply routes for the Axis. They occupied the town until 31 October 1944. During the occupation, the Greek People's Liberation Army (Greek People's Liberation Army (ELAS) staged many sabotaged missions against the Axis in the region while residents helped hide Greek fighters from the Germans.

In World War I the French Army was stationed there to control one of the main supply routes. They helped build numerous projects in town, and within the region, to help with their supply transportation. They built an additional railroad from the center of Axioupoli to Skra (Skora) and the railroad bridge which crosses over the Axios river and leads into Paris. These projects helped change the town as one of Greece's industrialized centers.

Because of its location it has had geopolitical significance, being one of the last places from which the Germans left after World War II ended. The main railway between Thessaloniki and Europe went through the town's center, making Axioupoli a center of information during the Balkan Wars, World War I and World War II. In 1913 the first customs office between Greece and Serbia was opened in Axioupoli.

On 22 October 1912 the Ottomans were expelled and the town became part of Greece. During the population exchange of the early 20th century the town was settled by refugees from all over the Balkans and Anatolian regions, giving it a unique feel. Its residence played a big part in helping win the Battle of Kilkis-Lahanas and with the battle of Skra-di-Legen.

  • Axioupolis: Athanassios Gertzikis (priest), Ioannis Goussidis, Vassilios Papageorgiou, Anastassios Karakechagias, Nikolaos Koulerdas, Christos Kotsidis (priest), Sofia Nikou, Dimitrios Penos
  • Ryzia: Vassilios Vantsis, Christos Karamarkos,
  • Skra: Dimitrios Papageorgiou, Anastassios Stavridis, Athanassios Tsempis
  • Chamilo: Panagiotis Varvatis
  • Idomeni: Stylianos Kovatsis Sideras, Grigorios Kokkalis, Georgios Papazafiriou Stamatiadis, Grigorios Papazafiriou Stamatiadis, Zafirios Papazafiriou Stamatiadis

Macedonian Fighters (Makedonomachi):[4]

The first school in town was built in 1894. People of Axioupolis Municipality participated in the Macedonian Struggle, and the main leaders of Greek efforts are mentioned below.

[5] Dellios Petkou Topalis killed in 1898 by Bulgarians.[5]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.